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Articles Related to ACC

Insights into the Potential of Green Algal Polysaccharides Potential to Combat Uropathogenic Proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus Biofilms

Biofilms are complex sessile microbial community extremely resistant to antibiotics. They typically form on both biotic and abiotic surfaces and are usually associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity in patients in hospital settings. Nosocomial infections are the major cause of infections seen worldwide. Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) represent the most common type of nosocomial infection that affect different parts of the urinary tract in both males and females.
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Assessing Burn Patterns and Severity Using IR Visualization – A Case Study Approach

This investigation studies the potential use of infrared (IR) sensing technology to answer key questions of scalding. In particular, scalding incidents are frequently plagued by conflicting recollections, uncertain details, and litigation. Questions often relate to how a scalding spill occurred, how hot the liquid was, the direction of liquid flow, and the connection between burn patterns and spill patterns. Flow patterns, among others are sometimes, challenging to determine after a spill incident. Nevertheless, IR technology can be used for event reconstruction and can help identify the typical burn patterns that result from spills. Here, IR imaging is applied to common scald situations. The IR imaging provides temperature information that is continuous in both space and time and can be used with currently available burn models to predict burn depths and patterns. The IR images are used to generate a burn-depth map superimposed on the patient’s body. This study shows that IR imaging leads to reproducible results that can be used to predict burn-depth patterns based on situation specific spills.
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Transversal Pertussis Sero-Epidemiological Study in Fully Vaccinated Children and Adolescents in Antananarivo, Madagascar, and in Dapaong, Togo

African region is thought to contribute to >50% of deadly cases of pertussis worldwide, however surveillance and available data on Bordetella pertussis circulation are limited. Currently, pertussis vaccination schedule in most African countries is restricted to a primary immunization consisting of three doses during the first year of life using whole pertussis vaccines for which effectiveness is not known.
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Photoacoustic Tomography versus Cone-Beam Computed Tomography versus Micro-Computed Tomography: Accuracy of 3D Reconstructions of Human Teeth

In this in-vitro study, teeth were imaged using photoacoustic tomography (PAT), cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and micro-computed tomography (µ-CT). The study had the following aims: to identify the best wavelength for imaging teeth when using PAT, to determine the accuracy of the three imaging methods, and to determine whether PAT images of teeth can achieve acceptable reconstruction quality.
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The Argument for Thoughtful Empiricism in AIDS Vaccine Development

History teaches that successful vaccine development is a highly empirical process involving guesswork and tinkering, typically done in the face of woefully incomplete biological understanding. The AIDS vaccine effort effectively abandoned this classical approach early on.
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SARS-CoV-2 Breakthrough Infection Three Weeks after Second Vaccination

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants raises increasing concerns about the efficacy of currently available vaccines [1]. mRNA vaccines (BNT162b2, Pfizer-BioNTech; mRNA-1273, Moderna) are developed based on one specific part of the viral genome to elicit immune response. Therefore, they might be susceptible to immune escape mutations, such as the ones in the viral Spike protein [2].
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Effect of a Nationwide Universal HBV Vaccination Program and Catch-Up Vaccination Campaign on HBV Prevalence in Children

In individuals with no immune disorders, a total of three Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccinations is recommended, with no need for booster doses except for certain circumstances. However, some studies have indicated that in infants vaccinated at birth against HBV in the context of a universal vaccination program may have reduced antibody titers over years, with a need for a booster dose at adolescence.
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Sysmex UD-10 should Accompany UF-5000 in Managing Atypical Cells in Urine

Sysmex UF-4000/5000 uses fluorescence flow cytometry technology and hydrodynamic focusing for urine sediment analysis, where particles are stained by specific fluorochromes for nucleic acids and surface structures and then sent through the semi-conductor laser beam. Atypical cells show side fluorescence and scattered light properties indicating their enlarged nuclei and increased nucleus/ cytoplasm ratio
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Genome Wide Transcriptome Analysis of Soybeans (Glycine max) Treated with Ascophyllum nodosum Extract and its Compositional Oligosaccharides

The beneficial effects of brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum and its corresponding extract (ANE) on crops have been widely reported. However, the bioactive components within ANE and associated modes-of-action are poorly understood. Mycophycias ascophylli is a naturally occurring mutualistic endosymbiont of A. nodosum. In the making of ANE, polysaccharides from the cell walls of both A. nodosum and, M. ascophylli, create corresponding oligosaccharides which make up the major components within ANE.
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Epidemiological Approach to Mortal Lesions-Traffic Accident in Yara Municipality, 2007, Cuba

The purpose of this article is to describe the epidemiological behavior of the mortal lesions in a traffic accident occurred in Yara, Municipality, Cuba, in 2007. Method: The clinical, radiological and anatomical-pathological variables of mortal lesions in the traffic accident as a result of the collision between a train and a bus in Veguitas town, in Yara, municipality of Granma province, on October 6th, 2007.
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Suicidal Poisoning by Ingestion of Taxus Baccata Leaves: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

Taxus baccata is one of the most poisonous trees in the world. It contains taxanes and toxic alkaloids: the most dangerous one is the taxine. It is a fairly common plant in our environment and could be extremely dangerous; however, yew poisoning is quite rare. Cases may occur by voluntary or accidental ingestion. Therefore, the rapid orientation and diagnosis of suspected episode are important, in order to treat it quickly.
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Comparative Simulation Study of Direct and Indirect Target Production of 99Mo with Linear Accelerator at SAMEER

When high energy electron beam falls on a high Z target it generates bremsstrahlung photons which can be used to produce 99Mo from 100Mo using photo-neutron (γ, n) reaction. Two different approaches are studied to carry out photo-neutron reaction. First, a converter target approach in which photons are generated in a high Z target of tungsten using (e,γ) reaction and then (γ, n) reaction in 100Mo for 99Mo production. Second, a direct target approach wherein 30 MeV electrons hit directly onto 100Mo target to carry out both (e, γ) and (γ, n) reactions in the 100Mo target itself. GEANT4 simulation gives photons and neutrons fluxes and their angular distributions from both the approaches, which are then used to calculate activity of 99Mo. The study shows that for very thin 100Mo target of about 0.1 radiation length converter target shows better activity whereas, for any thickness beyond it the direct target approach is found to be more efficient. For 30 MeV and 10 kW beam falling on 100Mo target with 1.4 radiation length, direct target approach is found to be more efficient. Therefore, after improvising the geometry of 100Mo target in the case of direct target method an increased specific activity is obtained through GEANT4 simulation.
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Washington County, PA-A Case Study to Improve the Obesity Epidemic and Enhance Healthcare Access at the Patient-, Community- and Health System Level

Across the nation it has been documented that obesity and healthcare access are growing challenges that especially impact individuals and communities of lower socioeconomic status (SES). Residents of Pennsylvania’s Washington County, a lower a SES suburb on the outskirts of Pittsburgh, is not immune to these variables.
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Comparison of Statistical Techniques for Forecasting Malaria Cases in Ghana

Monthly data spanning from January 2008 to December 2017 were obtained from the District Health Information Management System (DHIMS) 2, Ghana Health Service. The four competing forecasting techniques that were applied to the Malaria cases data were the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Exponential smoothing (ETS) and a Combination technique.
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Sedoanalgesia During Dental Treatment of a Patient with Sanfilippo Syndrome: A Case Report

Sanfilippo syndrome, a type of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. The disorder is characterized by bone abnormalities (i.e. abnormally long arms and legs when compared with the trunk length), as well as abnormal bone shapes and skin thickening.In general, patients with Sanfilippo syndrome have sharp and coarse facial features, thickening of the lips and enlargement of the mouth and tongue. Hypoplasia of hard dental tissue is also present. The parents of a 5-year-old female patient were referred to Konya Oral and Dental Health Hospital because of tooth pain. A full dental examination could not be conducted because the patient was not cooperative. Thus, we decided to perform the patient’s treatment under general anaesthesia. As the patient had a history of difficult intubation and the planned dental procedures could be completed in a short time, under sedoanalgesia.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ACC

MALCOLM KENNETH ROBINSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
United States

Peter L. Bordi

Associate Professor
School of Hospitality Management
Pennsylvania State University
United States

Frank C. Barone

Professor
Department of Neurology
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
United States

Murali S. Rao

Professor & Chair
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Loyola University Chicago
USA

Rosana Goldbeck

Assistant Professor
Department of Food Engineering
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
Brazil

SHITTU RASAQ OLATUNJI

Head of Department of HIV/AIDS and Family Medicine
Kwara State Specialist Hospital
Nigeria

Eric Fung

Professor of Pharmacology
Department of Oral Biology
University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry
United States

ALAA EL-DEEN BAKRY YASSIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

Rukman Awang Hamat

Associate professor
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

PAULA M. CHILTON

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology & Immunology
University of Louisville
United States
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