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Articles Related to ACC

Five Cases of an Accessory Left Vertebral Artery on the Aortic Arch

Vascular variations of the head and neck are common, but oft en go unnoticed because they generally do not present clear clinical symptoms. Lack of awareness of the presence and location of such variations may result in iatrogenic complications or even fatalities. Physicians and surgeons should be cognizant of such variations given their potential clinical signifi cance.
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Current Trends and Risks of Autism and Vaccine Delivery

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is regular heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms like disability in social association, repetitive behavior interest and activities. Etiology of autism and different speculations of ASD were proposed keeping in mind the end goal to clarify the pathophysiology of ASD.
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Access to and Utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Secondary School Students in Mityana district, Uganda

The study of the access to and utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) services among secondary school adolescents in, Mityana district was carried out in various schools in Ssekanyonyi sub-county. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of the ASRH burden, assess the utilisation of ASRH services in these schools and identify drivers/barriers to the utilisation of ASRH services among adolescents in secondary schools in Mityana district.
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Accidentally Discovered Pure Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Gall Bladder: A Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is rarely reported, comprises less than 1% of all gall bladder cancer and portends a worse prognosis than the more common adenocarcinoma. We report a 80-year-old female who presented with acute onset epigastric pain. She was operated on based on a presumptive diagnosis of acute on top of chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis according to clinical and ultrasonographic findings. Histopathological examination of the thickened wall of the gallbladder revealed well to moderately differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma invading full wall thickness and infiltrating the liver. Further examinations revealed no other primary site for the tumour. Gallbladder cancer should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in elderly patients presenting with cholecystitis.
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Sero-Detection of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in Blood Sample from Pigs, Obtained from Katsit Pig Market

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a single stranded, positive RNA virus belonging to the Hepeviridae family. HEV infection can cause an acute hepatitis that is self-limited. However, fulminant hepatic failure can occur in patients with underlying chronic liver disease, in the elderly, and in pregnant women. Genotypes 3 and 4 (HEV-3 and HEV-4) are present in humans and other animals, and are the main cause of autochthonous cases of hepatitis E in industrialized countries.
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Property Security Using a Biometric Based Door Lock System

This paper presents the development and implementation of a Biometric Based Door Lock System that will automatically unlock a door when a registered fingerprint is sensed. The method employed in accomplishing this involves the use of a fingerprint scannerR305 interfaced with ATMEGA 328 Arduino microcontroller to actuate the locking and unlocking process of a door.
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National Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS-Global Adult Tobacco Survey), Senegal 2015

Introduction: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is a global standard for the systematic monitoring of (smoking and smokeless) tobacco use among adults and for the monitoring of key tobacco control indicators. Senegal carried out a national survey on adult smoking for the first time in 2015.
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Efficacy of Chitosan as Vaccine Adjuvant Against Paracoccidioidomycosis in Mice

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic disease caused by thermo- dimorphic fungi of Paracoccidioides genus that is endemic in several Latin American countries. The treatment for this disease can be performed with different drugs. In general, it is a long duration treatment that aims the control of the clinical manifestations. Even after treatment, the patient usually shows relapse and incapacitating sequelae, such as fibrosis and pulmonary emphysema.
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Field Assessment of an Immune-Complex Infectious Bursal Disease Vaccine in Chicks Born to Non-Hyperimmunized Broiler Breeders

Prevention of infectious bursal disease (IBD) remains of paramount importance, given the dramatic losses it can induce in commercial chicken flocks. In the Netherlands, maternal immunity is regarded as low, because the parent stock flocks do not receive an inactivated vaccination prior to the onset of production. Therefore, the aim of this field study was to assess the consequences of hatchery vaccination against IBD using an immune-complex vaccine in broiler chicks that were provided with a limited amount of passive immunity. Three grow out cycles in two houses each (six flocks) were monitored after vaccination. The recorded parameters included (i) body and bursa weight, (ii) IBD antibody response, and (iii) histopathology and PCR from the bursa of Fabricius.
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Quality of Life after Accidental Major Vascular Injury and Prolonged ICU Stay - A Case Report

Survival or mortality rate is a reasonable choice of an outcome measure for critically ill patients in intensive care unit (ICU). But it is also important to assess the impact of critical illness and peri-operative complications on health status and quality of life (QoL) after hospital discharge. The QLQ-C30 is a 30-item cancer-specific questionnaire that incorporates five functioning scales (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social), eight symptoms scales, perceived financial impact of the disease and a global scale [1-5].
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The Use of Gingipain DNA Vaccine Against Virulence of Porphyromonas Gingivalis: A Literature Review

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is a primary etiologic agent of generalized aggressive and chronic forms of periodontitis. It releases toxins called ‘gingipains’.Gingipains, (Arginine-and Lysine-specific cysteine proteinases) are proteases that are critical virulence factors in progression of periodontitis and degradation of cytokines expressed during inflammation. HRgpA and RgpB (products of two distinct but related genes) induce vascular permeability by activation of the kallikrein/kinin pathway and activating the blood coagulation system which in turn induces gingival crevicular fluid production and progression of inflammation leading to alveolar bone loss.
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Risky Sexual Practices among Adolescents Living with HIV Accessing HIV and AIDS Care Services at Health Facilities in the Central Region of Uganda

Adolescents living with HIV in Uganda are sexually active just like their uninfected peers. With the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the surviving population of adolescents prenatally infected with HIV is increasing and they are becoming sexually active.
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Efficacy and Safety of Moxifloxacin-Enhanced versus Standard Sequential Eradication Therapy for Treating Helicobacter pylori Infection among Tobacco Smokers

The therapeutic failure rate of eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is increasing due to bacterial resistance; tobacco smoking can increase such a rate even more. We explored the role of adding moxifloxacin to the standard sequential eradication therapy for Hp in decreasing the therapeutic failure rate among the tobacco smokers.
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Accurate Age Estimations from Dental Cementum and a Childbirth Indicator - A Pilot Study

This work is a pilot study that introduces an improved method for estimation of a chronological age of a human being using the incremental lines in a dental cementum. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images of longitudinal sections of the tooth roots were subject to SEM analysis. The protocol allows accurate age estimation even if the SEM images reveal a limited number of distinct incremental lines. Micrographs were analyzed with a calibrated thickness measuring tool, such as ImageJ. The study was based on fifteen freshly extracted teeth from adult males and females of a known age. An average cementum thickness (C) and average incremental line thickness (IL) was calculated for each chosen perpendicular level of the tooth root from the SEM image.
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Accurate Age Estimations from Dental Cementum and a Childbirth Indicator - A Pilot Study

This work is a pilot study that introduces an improved method for estimation of a chronological age of a human being using the incremental lines in a dental cementum. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images of longitudinal sections of the tooth roots were subject to SEM analysis. The protocol allows accurate age estimation even if the SEM images reveal a limited number of distinct incremental lines. Micrographs were analyzed with a calibrated thickness measuring tool, such as ImageJ. The study was based on fifteen freshly extracted teeth from adult males and females of a known age. An average cementum thickness (C) and average incremental line thickness (IL) was calculated for each chosen perpendicular level of the tooth root from the SEM image.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ACC

Inam Danish Khan

Indian Army Medical Corps
Department of Pathology
Command Hospital
India

FRANK SHI

Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
University of California, Irvine
United States

Tingzhong Yang

Professor and Director of Social Medicine
Zhejiang University
China

Bin Zhou

Scientist
J. Craig Venter Institute
United States

Ahmed Ragab Gaber Ahmed

Faculty of Science
Beni-Suef University
Egypt

Abdelwahab Omri

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Laurentian University
Canada

Akram Mahmoud El-Abd Asbeutah

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiologic Sciences
Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
Kuwait University
Kuwait

PRABHAKARAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
National University of Singapore
Singapore

Rukman Awang Hamat

Associate professor
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

Gülnaz Karatay

Associate Professor
Public Health Nursing
Munzur University
Turkey
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