Top Links

Articles Related to ALT

Acceptability of Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling as an Intervention for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending at Public Health Facilities in Harar Town Eastern Ethiopia 2018

Accepting one’s HIV sero-status is a critical first step in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV. HIV counseling and testing provides an entry point to PMTCT services for pregnant women.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Drinking Patterns and Fluid Intake in the Settings Workplace and University: A Systematic Review

The effect of an adequate fluid consumption is well-known and its relevance for the maintenance and promotion of health cannot be denied. Previous work indicates that daily demands and work exposures, i.e. related to stress, may have an impact on drinking patterns. To date, only few studies have investigated workers’ and students’ fluid consumption and drinking patterns, as well as their impact on different outcomes. However, a review that combines previous findings and current knowledge about workers’ and students’ likely fluid consumption has not been published yet. Therefore, we conducted a systematic literature review on drinking patterns in the settings workplace and university.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Overweight and Obesity in Women: Factor Analysis of Data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey

Overweight and obesity are emerging public health challenges in low-to-middle-income countries. Factors such as urbanization, physical inactivity, changing diets, and harmful consumption of alcohol contribute to this global growth in overweight and obesity, particularly in African countries. This study aimed to identify factors most predictive of overweight and obesity in adult women in Kenya.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

“What Matters to You?”: Shared Decision Making in the Post-Paternalistic Era of Oral Health

We live in an individualistic age. People can follow who they like on social media, read news that aligns with their preconceived notions of right and wrong, and generally avoid critical engagement with ideas they disagree with or situations that make them uncomfortable. This modern phenomenon has led to quick judgement and rapid recoil when others share ideas or information that challenges the inertia of their beliefs and choices. In a post-expertise culture [1], people simply don’t want to be told what to do. This is a problem for the profession of dentistry, where the prevailing paternalistic norms for the better part of the past 150 years have focused on the dentist as the unilateral authority, with the primary responsibility of promoting oral health through “education” or “counseling” – polite euphemisms for telling people what to do. Despite our growing body of scientific evidence showing we can keep people and their teeth healthy, we have become collectively exasperated that this evidence-based information isn’t enough to change the behaviors necessary to prevent disease. As healthcare providers, we wonder why people have stopped listening (if they ever really did). But stepping back, we only need to think for a minute about our current cultural milieu, where the curation of consensus leaves us unfollowed, and worse, blocked.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Are Insects a Good Alternative in Human Food?. Nutritional Value

Entomophagy refers to the dietary intake of insects and supplements practiced by millions of people worldwide. It has always been present in the eating behaviours of regions in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Entomophagy is on the rise both in the feeding of humans and in animal feed. Insects are powerful bio converters that can transform the low quality biomass of nature into proteins of high nutritional value. The recent introduction of the consumption of insects in new types of restaurants and supermarket chains in Western cultures has led us to conduct a review of the subject to see if the myths our Western conceptions can be overcome.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Pathogens Isolated from Surgical Site Infections at Public Health Facilities in Belize

Surgical site infections are amongst the leading cause of morbidity, mortality and cost due to increased hospital stay by patients. A study was conducted to understand antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of major pathogens isolated from surgical site infections in Belize.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Control and Learning Motor in Depression From The Relationship Physiotherapy-Mental Health

The mental health as field of action for the physiotherapists is an important challenge that implies formation and investigation. The alterations of the mental health on a global scale are nowadays a problem of public health that it makes necessary that the professionals of the area of the health have a deeper knowledge on the topic to act of way adapted from the prevention and intervention.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Measure: Multiprofessional Intervention in Overweight and Obesity of Users Assisted in the Primary Health Care

Obesity is a contemporary phenomenon that consumes an enormous and substantial public expense regarding health for needy countries. The amount spent only for the cost with the treatment of obesity for the SUS (The Unified Health System) was estimated around half a billion of reais in 2011 (Oliveira, 2013) [1]. In this scenery, the purpose towards prevention and control initiatives concerning these outlines must really become fundamental. This study has aimed to analyze the efficacy developed by a multidisciplinary team during a period of 12 months (from 2016 to 2017). The intervention has consisted in a number of periodic consultations supervised by this special team within food directions and physical training. All the data were synthesized and analyzed statistically through the Mcneunann Test, regarding the significance degree of p< 0.05. It has been observed in such results that most of the participants belong to feminine sex having from 45 to 81 years of age, a low schooling and a short monthly income. For the present, what must be said is that the intervention was wholly effective providing reduction of corporal measures, improvement in the quality of the diet consumed, besides a strengthening in the social network, empowering for the participants, further the expansion of knowledge about topics relative to food and nutrition. So, it can finally be suggested that initiatives towards obesity control are indeed effective and important and must be promoted everywhere.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Modified and Combined Lateral and Posterolateral Approach an Alternative Treatment to Tibial Plateau Fractures

The selection of a surgical approach for the treatment of tibia plateau fractures is an important decision. Approximately 7% of all tibia plateau fractures affect the posterolateral corner. Displaced posterolateral tibia plateau fractures require anatomic articular reduction and buttress plate fixation on the posterior aspect. These aims are difficult to reach through a lateral or anterolateral approach. The standard posterolateral approach with fibula osteotomy and release of the posterolateral corner is a traumatic procedure, which includes the risk of fragment denudation. Isolated posterior approaches do not allow sufficient visual control of fracture reduction, especially if the fracture is complex. Therefore, the aim of this case report was to present a surgical approach for posterolateral tibial plateau fractures that both protects the soft tissue and allows for good visual control of fracture reduction. The approach involves a lateral arthrotomy for visualizing the joint surface and a posterolateral approach for the fracture reduction and plate fixation, which are both achieved through one posterolateral skin incision. Using this approach, we achieved reduction of the articular surface and stable fixation in patients at the final follow-up visit. No complications and no loss of reduction were observed. Additionally, the new posterolateral approach permits direct visual exposure and facilitates the application of a buttress plate. This approach does not require fibular osteotomy, and fragments of the posterolateral corner do not have to be detached from the soft tissue network.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Access to and Utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Secondary School Students in Mityana district, Uganda

The study of the access to and utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) services among secondary school adolescents in, Mityana district was carried out in various schools in Ssekanyonyi sub-county. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of the ASRH burden, assess the utilisation of ASRH services in these schools and identify drivers/barriers to the utilisation of ASRH services among adolescents in secondary schools in Mityana district.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Association between Physical Activity and Body Weight: Health Creation and Disease Prevention

Leisure time physical activity has a broad spectrum of health benefits. The objective of this study was to provide evidence and to support the association between physical activity and body weight. We used data from a probability sample of 8,128 individuals residing in Montreal (Canada). Multinomial multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the association between physical activity and body weight. Results showed no statistical association between physical activity and underweight. However, physical activity was associated with overweight, namely individuals doing less physical activity were significantly more likely to be overweight (OR=1.42; 95%CI=1.18- 1.69) than those performing intense physical activity. Additionally, the association between physical activity and obesity showed a negative incremental relationship, i.e. individuals reporting moderate physical activity were 29% more likely to be obese (OR=1.29; 95%CI=1.07- 1.55), and those reporting low physical activity were 123% more likely to be obese (OR=2.23; 95%CI=1.80-2.76) compared to intense physical activity status. Leisure time physical activity and overweight/obesity were significantly associated after accounting for several socioeconomic, lifestyle and health-related correlates. Due to the broader positive impact of physical activity on the health status of the individual, we advise health authorities to facilitate the propagation of healthy lifestyle in the community by adopting a health-creation policy in addition to the conventional disease-prevention strategy
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Bioequivalence between two Prolonged Release Tablets of Desvenlafaxine Succinate in Healthy Subjects under Fasting and Fed Conditions

Bioavailability in different formulations of desvenlafaxine100 mg prolonged-release tablets was compared in two bioequivalence studies, one under fasting conditions and the other after a standard breakfast. Both studies were a single dose, randomized, open-label, two-period crossover, with Brazilian male and female healthy subjects. Blood samples were taken during 48 h and plasmatic concentrations were determined using a validated UPLC-MS/MS method.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among General Practitioners in Health Facilities in Brazzaville in Republic of Congo

Despite the growing HIV burden, the disease continues to receive a relatively high public health priority in the Republic of Congo. To establish the knowledge, attitude, and practice on HIV/AIDS among general practitioners working in Brazzaville and to register their actual behavior in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample size was 35 General Practitioners. A self- administered questionnaire was used to collect data in a four-week period in August 2017. Selected at random, were asked to participate. The data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Program for EpiInfo.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Occupational Exposure to Blood and Bodily Fluids among Health Care Workers in a Medical Teaching Hospital

The objective of this study was to evaluate blood and bodily fluids exposure through needlestick injuries (NSI) and non-percutaneous incidents among healthcare workers (HCWs). This project utilized a dataset collected from J. W. Ruby Memorial Hospital in Morgantown, West Virginia, between January 1, 2014 and August 15, 2017. Data included de-identified codes of employees, occupations, types of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, routes of exposure, infectious disease exposures, and time incidents.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Non-Operative Management of Acute Appendicitis – Evidence versus Practice in Eastern Health, Victoria, Australia

There has been an increasing body of literature on conservative management of acute appendicitis recently. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current practice of non-operative management of acute appendicitis in Eastern Health, a Melbourne metropolitan health network.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text


Editorial Board Members Related to ALT

Shahzad Shaukat

Virology Department
National Institute of Health
Pakistan

Sangeeta Singg

Professor of Psychology
Angelo State University
United States

Haider Abdul-Lateef Mousa

Professor
Department of Medical Microbiology
University of Basrah, Iraq
Basrah, Iraq.

Walter Royal

Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Maryland
United States

Altayeb Ahmed

Associate Professor
Department of Basic Medical Sciences
King Saudi Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

Papia Sultana

Associate Professor
Department of Statistics
University of Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Tetsuya Yoshinaga

Professor
Institute of Health Biosciences
Tokushima University
Japan

Michael Downing

Clinical Associate Professor
Faculty of Medicine
University of British Columbia
Canada

Judyth L. Twigg

Professor
Department of Political Science
Virginia Commonwealth University
United States

Seyed Khosrow Tayebati

Professor
Department of Experimental Medicine and Public Health
University of Camerino
Italy
Submit Manuscript