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Numerical Analysis on the Electromechanical Behaviors and Piezotronic Effects Controlled by the Applied of Initial Stress

Based on the linear three-dimensional elastic theory, shear horizontal (SH) wave propagation along the normal direction to the piezoelectric semiconductor plate (PSC) was obtained in the presence of initial horizontal and vertical stresses. The purpose behind obtaining the numerical solutions was to evaluate the effect of stress on dimensionless frequency and phase velocity.
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The Pharyngeal Muscle Trainer for the Therapy of Primary Snoring -An innovative therapy approach

Snoring is a concomitant of sleeping. This phenomenon is not only considered annoying, but also often taboo because it affects the privacy of those affected. In addition, however, snoring can be the cause of sometimes life-threatening diseases, such as hypertension, stroke and myocardial infarction.
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Assessing Burn Patterns and Severity Using IR Visualization – A Case Study Approach

This investigation studies the potential use of infrared (IR) sensing technology to answer key questions of scalding. In particular, scalding incidents are frequently plagued by conflicting recollections, uncertain details, and litigation. Questions often relate to how a scalding spill occurred, how hot the liquid was, the direction of liquid flow, and the connection between burn patterns and spill patterns. Flow patterns, among others are sometimes, challenging to determine after a spill incident. Nevertheless, IR technology can be used for event reconstruction and can help identify the typical burn patterns that result from spills. Here, IR imaging is applied to common scald situations. The IR imaging provides temperature information that is continuous in both space and time and can be used with currently available burn models to predict burn depths and patterns. The IR images are used to generate a burn-depth map superimposed on the patient’s body. This study shows that IR imaging leads to reproducible results that can be used to predict burn-depth patterns based on situation specific spills.
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Clinical Outcome of Different Surgical Techniques for Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Cervical Spine: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Herein, we aimed to compare the neurologic improvement, postoperative complications, and changes of Cobb’s angle between four main surgical approaches, including anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF), laminoplasty (LAMP), laminectomy (LC), and anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF), to treat cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).
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Case Series of 141 Melanomas Diagnosed and Managed over 5 years by an Australian Dermatologist: with a Suggested Approach to Suspected Pigmented Lesions

Melanoma is one of the most fatal disorders dermatologists have to diagnose and treat. Despite its prevalence and seriousness, there has been no protocol with consensus suggesting systematic approach for diagnosis and treatment of pigmented lesions. A series of 141 melanomas diagnosed and managed over five years in an Australian dermatology clinicare presented. Also a systematic approach has been suggested for the management of suspicious pigmented lesions and melanomas. It is hoped that this paper provides a platform to open discussion for the development of the best systematic approach.
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Pilonidal Sinus, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Negative Pressure dressing will be Appropriate

Chronic pilonidal sinus disease, an acquired benign affliction too many across the globe but in the very few follows through to malignant transformation. We report an unusual case of a large squamous cell carcinoma arising from a chronic pilonidal sinus, its successful surgical excision and detailed documentation of wound healing with the assistance of a negative pressure wound therapy dressing. For large sacrococcygeal wounds we evidence that secondary intention healing via NPWT is a valid initial alternative to reconstructive surgery with a good cosmetic outcome and the option for early ambulation.
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Production and Stabilization of Biomass Derived Bio-Oil using Non-Catalytic Pyrolysis Approach

Considering high demand of exploring clean and sustainable source of energy worldwide, biomass derived green bioenergy has tremendous potential. Amongst all possible ways of biomass processing to derive bio-fuels, the biomass pyrolysis is highly preferred thermochemical process that converts the biomass to bio-oil. In our present work, the noncatalytic pyrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass samples (sawdust, rice straw and cotton stalk) was successfully carried out using in-house developed fixed bed pyrolytic reactor.
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Application of Lando®Artificial Dermal Regeneration Matrix in Treatment of Challenging Scar Contracture Release of a Severely Deformed Wrist: A Case Report

Here we present a case of a 36–year–old woman who suffered from severe (118°) flexion deformity of the right wrist joint because of heavily burn scar contracture of the right hand wrist. After scar excision, the wrist external fixator was applied and adjusted regularly to extent the wrist and to obtain normal range of motion of the wrist joint. Skin reconstruction was performed with a dermal regeneration matrix and eventually with a split-thickness skin graf
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Rehabilitation Outcomes under Precaution-Free Management for Dislocation after Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty with a Conjoined Tendon Preserving Posterior Approach: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Early rehabilitation after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) requires risk management for postoperative dislocation. Since April 2018, BHA has been performed at our hospital using a conjoined tendon-preserving posterior (CPP) approach, which preserves the piriformis and short rotator muscles (the gemellus superior, the obturator internus and the gemellus inferior) and dissects only the external obturator.
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Application of CCASNS with iVNS in The Treatment of Cerebral Palsy with DrugRefractory Epilepsy

The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of common carotid artery sympathetic nerve network stripping (CCASNS) combined with implanted vagus nerve stimulation (iVNS) for seizure control in children with cerebral palsy with refractory epilepsy. We reviewed the medical records of children with cerebral palsy with drugrefractory epilepsy treated at the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from September 2015 to June 2019.
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Visual Maps and Visual Perception

Electrophysiological recording has revolutionized the understanding of visual perception. We review our studies with multielectrode recordings describing topographically organized visual maps in several cortical areas and electrophysiological recording revealing perceptual completion of borders and filling in of color and texture. In addition, we analyzed the existing literature to upgrade the knowledge about serial hierarchical, parallel processing and remapping on a dynamic network of cortical visual areas.
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Conventional and Advanced Nanotechnological Approaches for Wastewater Treatment

The industrialization, urbanization and economic growth have placed a much higher demand of clean water and energy worldwide. The human activities have constantly been contaminating the reservoirs of fresh water which as a result, has triggered a global challenge to keep up the demand and supply of the fresh water for an optimal human survival. Wastewater effluents generated through commercial and industrial activities have been released to the freshwater resources either directly or indirectly
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On Optimization of Manufacturing of Field-Effect Heterotransistors Framework Current Comparator to Increase their Density

In this paper we introduce an analytical approach to analyze mass and heat transport in heterostructures during manufacturing of integrated circuits with account nonlinearity of processes. The approach gives a possibility to analyze mass and heat transport in multilayer structures without crosslinking of solutions on interfaces between layers. The approach also gives a possibility to take into account spatial and temporal variation of parameters of considered processes. Based on this approach we analyzed manufacturing a current comparator to increase density of elements.
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Application of the Posterior Approach Technique in Laparoscopic Radical Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer

The aim of this study was to compare and determine the feasibility, surgical outcomes, intraoperative and postoperative complications of the use of the posterior approach technique in the laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) to the conventional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with cervical cancer.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to APP

Zeliha Selamoglu

Professor
Department of Medical Biology
Faculty of Medicine
Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University Campus
Turkey

SANJEEV KUMAR SINGH

Professor
Department of Bioinformatics
Alagappa University
India

Andrés Rodríguez Seijo

Department of Plant Biology and Soil Science
Faculty of Sciences - University of Vigo
Spain

Zhenglong Gu

Associate Professor
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
United States

George Baciu

Professor
Department of Computing
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hong Kong

Hasan Sarptaş

Assistant Professor
Ege University Solar Energy Institute
Turkey

Elena Kolomietz

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine
University of Toronto
Canada

Stefan Hiendleder

Professor
JS Davies Fellow Epigenetics and Genetics
Roseworthy Campus, University of Adelaide
Australia

Ana Rita Ramalho Figueiras

Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Coimbra
Portugal

Yanyan Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences
Montclair State University
United States
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