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Review Article: Managing Spinal Cord Injury on Anesthesiologists’ Perspective

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is trauma to the area of the vertebrae resulting in spinal cord lesions resulting in neurological disorders, depending on the location of the spinal nerve damage and the injured nerve tissue. The symptoms of SCI can range from pain and paralysis to incontinence. SCI due to trauma is estimated to occur in 30-40 per million population per year, and about 8,000- 10,000 sufferers each year; generally, occurs in adolescents and young adults. Although the annual incidence of events is relatively low, the cost of care and rehabilitation for spinal cord injuries is very high, at around US $ 53,000 / patient.
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How the Artificial Intelligence Tool Psumo-CD is working for Predicting Sumoylation Sites in Proteins

In 2016 a very powerful AI (artificial intelligence) tool has been established for predicting sumoylation sites in proteins, one of the most important post modifications in proteins [1].
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Solid State Characterization of Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Magnesium Gluconate using PXRD, PSA, DSC and TGA/DTG Analysis

Magnesium gluconate (Mag-G) is an important nutraceutical and pharmaceutical compound used as a source of magnesium to maintain the overall quality of life as well as for the prevention and treatment of various human diseases. The current study evaluated the influence of the Trivedi Effect® on the physicochemical and thermal properties of Mag-G using sophisticated analytical techniques. Mag-G powder was divided into control and treated parts.
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Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
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Pattern of Injuries in Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its Relation to Substance Use

Injuries are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among the non-communicable diseases. They also represent a big economic burden in countries worldwide. Substance abuse and injuries both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between addiction and injuries is obscure, and what occurs first is the question. The aim of this work was to determine the pattern of injuries in patients attended to the emergency department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its relation to substance use.
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Computer Simulations of Brain Oxygenation at the Microvascular Level Validating a New Role of the Arterioles

Brain physiology critically depends on constant oxygen supply to the neurons to ensure various energy–dependent functions of the central nervous system. A volume of latest experimental data on oxygen metabolism obtained with high temporal and spatial resolution, with both invasive and non-invasive methods, and the use of technologies of various degrees of sophistication, strongly suggests arteriole involvement in brain oxygenation. This new approach challenges the traditional views on brain oxygenation according to which oxygen supply to the brain tissues occurs by diffusion at the capillary level.
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Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of the Medico-Technical Equipment, Surfaces, Premises and Staff Hands in the Department of Neonatology of the Departmental University Hospital Center of Ouémé-Plateau in Benin in 2018

Hospital hygiene is a set of preventive measures essential to ensure the quality of care in health facilities
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An Overview and Constraints of Pig Farming in Assam - A Review

Agriculture is the prime source of livelihood in the socioeconomically weaker section of the society and it provides livelihood security to more than 75% of the rural population in Assam. Majority of pigs are reared in traditional small scale alimentation system which act as a source of income, employment generation and livelihood security primly to the tribal population in the state.
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Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment and its Impact on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties of Tellurium

Tellurium is a chemical element, which known to have many industrial applications, i.e., manufacturing of semiconductor, metal alloys, etc.
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Design and Evaluation of a Connected Insole to Support Healthy Aging of Frail Patients at Home

The main objective of this work is to develop a technological solution to support active aging of frail older individuals. In this perspective, we designed a connected insole in order to encourage frail elderly persons to become more active in their daily life. The project presented in this paper, funded by the French National Research Agency, aims to design and evaluate an original solution to follow and encourage walking activity.
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Characterization of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Essential Amino Acid: L-Tryptophan

L-tryptophan is an amino acid which helps in the formation of proteins and certain brain-signaling chemicals, etc.
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Implant in Medically Challenged Patients: Myth Vs Facts

Dental implant is a part of the standard of care of dental treatment and it have been utilized since 1965 and the treatment had been done on healthy patient and medically compromised but certain diseases and conditions had to have meet certain requirements so the treatment can be successful but with advanced technologies and technique now we want to find has the standards and requirements been affected or they are the same as they have been from the start in medically compromised patients.
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Copper Oxide Nano-Hydrogel Composite and their Toxicology Studies: A Green Chemistry Approach

The increasing demand for skin care products formulated with metal oxide nanoparticles such as Zinc oxide, Titanium oxide and Copper oxide nanoparticles calls for toxicological safety concerns. Phytochemical assisted synthesis of Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) has been achieved by a simple, one-pot chemical procedure using polyphenol-rich aqueous extract of Solanum torvum L. as a reducing and capping agent.
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Evaluation of the Effect of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Crystal and Particle Characteristics of Aluminium Powder

Aluminium has many applications in the ceramics, paints, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, chemicals, metals, and electrical industries. In this study, the influence of the Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the physicochemical and thermal properties of aluminium powder was evaluated.
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Canavan Disease (Aspartoacylase Deficiency): Report of the First Case in Basque Country and a Novel Mutation in Europe

Canavan disease, a genetic and metabolic neurodegenerative disorder, occurs at early ages, causing visual, neurological alterations, and fatal consequences. There is no curative treatment, although lithium citrate is being investigated. This is the first case reported in the Basque region of Spain and it introduces a novel mutation to Europe.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ART

Frank Portugal

Associate Professor
Department of Biology
The Catholic University of America
United States

Irmo Marini

Department of Rehabilitation
University of Texas-Pan American
US

Bernd Schierwater

Research Associate
labs of Stephen Dellaporta
Yale University
United States

Yu Huang

Professor
School of Biomedical Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

PAULA M. CHILTON

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology & Immunology
University of Louisville
United States

Alfio Ferlito

Professor
Department of Surgical Sciences
University of Udine
Italy.

Nicola Balato

Associate Professor
Department of Dermatology
School of Medicine
University of Naples Federico II
Italy

Massimo Caputo

Professor
Congenital Cardiac Surgery
Bristol Heart Institute
United Kingdom

Massimo Dominici

Assistant Professor
Head Laboratory of Cell Biology and Advanced Cancer Therapies
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children & Adults
University Hospital of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Italy

Massimo Ciccozzi

Department of biostatistics and viruses evolution
National Institute of Health
Rome
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