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Articles Related to Adolescent

Immunological Analysis of Active Tuberculosis Infection in Children and Adolescents

The latent tuberculosis infection worldwide is determined by about 1.7 billion people. Identification of latent tuberculosis infection and prevention of the development of the disease is one of the highest priority tasks in the global radical reduc- tion of the burden of tuberculosis. The research is devoted to the study of the effectiveness of cellular and humoral anti- gen-specific immunological methods for determining the initial signs of tuberculosis infection activity when examining children and adolescents with a latent form of this infection. Cellular immunological reactions in contrast to the determi- nation of specific antibodies of blood serum using the recombinant specific protein ESAT-6-CFP-10, were not sufficiently effective in differentiating active and latent infections. Determination of antibodies to the ESAT-6-CFP-10 protein with analysis of the specific activity criterion and determina- tion of an increased concentration of neopterin up to 9 nM/L in blood plasma samples made it possible to reveal signs of tuberculosis infection activity. These results have been confirmed by the results of chest computed tomography of children and adolescents with the determination tuberculosis of intrathoracic lymph nodes or small intrapulmonary (2-5 mm) intrapulmonary foci, including those with signs of calcification.
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Comparison of Anthropometric Indicators of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents

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Transversal Pertussis Sero-Epidemiological Study in Fully Vaccinated Children and Adolescents in Antananarivo, Madagascar, and in Dapaong, Togo

African region is thought to contribute to >50% of deadly cases of pertussis worldwide, however surveillance and available data on Bordetella pertussis circulation are limited. Currently, pertussis vaccination schedule in most African countries is restricted to a primary immunization consisting of three doses during the first year of life using whole pertussis vaccines for which effectiveness is not known.
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Progression and Quality of Life. Correlation between SSS-IoT Risk Scale Score and the Main Factors Determining the Disease Potential Progression

It has been identified several factors that can determine the severity and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The natural evolution of this disease has been extensively studied in different populations. However, no practical tool encompasses the main factors determining this disease’s potential progression.
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Risk Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Literature Review and Scale Proposal

To identify the main risk factors for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and to create a tool or classification that helps to identify patients with greater potential for the development of serious scoliosis.
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A Correlational Study between BMI and Anxiety, Depression and Coping among Adolescents from Selected Schools

Adolescent is a period of rapid growth and development. Abnormally high and low BMI is a major problem of adolescents. This is mainly due to unhealthy life style of adolescents. Abnormally high and low BMI make adolescents vulnerable to teasing, bullying and resultant low self esteem. This would have detrimental effect on adolescents’ mental health. Hence this study was planned to determine existence of correlation between BMI and psychological variables Anxiety, Depression and Coping.
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Evaluation of Paraspinal Muscle Properties in Adolescents with Mild Idiopatic Scoliosis Using Surface EMG Power Spectral Analysis

Previous studies reported that the paraspinal muscles of adolescents with severe idiopathic scoliosis scheduled for surgery contain higher proportion of type Ⅰ fibers on the convex side. However, the muscle properties are unknown in mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences among the convex, concave and control sides of the paraspinal muscles in patients with mild AIS and healthy individuals and to help in the treatment of mild AIS patients.
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Behavior and Genetics: Confounding Effects on Adolescent BMI

Despite persistently high rates of obesity among American children and adults, the complex interplay between behavior, genetics and weight outcomes is not well understood.
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Adolescent Smoking: The Relationship between Cigarette Consumption and BMI

Studies relating cigarette smoking and body weight yield conflicting results. Weight-lowering effects in women and men have been associated with smoking; however, no effects on weight have been proven. This study examined the association between cigarette smoking and relative weight in adolescent males and females as they age into young adults.
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Access to and Utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Secondary School Students in Mityana district, Uganda

The study of the access to and utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) services among secondary school adolescents in, Mityana district was carried out in various schools in Ssekanyonyi sub-county. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of the ASRH burden, assess the utilisation of ASRH services in these schools and identify drivers/barriers to the utilisation of ASRH services among adolescents in secondary schools in Mityana district.
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Risky Sexual Practices among Adolescents Living with HIV Accessing HIV and AIDS Care Services at Health Facilities in the Central Region of Uganda

Adolescents living with HIV in Uganda are sexually active just like their uninfected peers. With the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the surviving population of adolescents prenatally infected with HIV is increasing and they are becoming sexually active.
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Postural Impairment of Adults and Adolescents Cerebral Palsy Inpatients at the Retaguarda Hospital of Ribeirão Preto-SP

Introduction: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a condition that described a group of permanent movement and postural development disorders, leading to activity limitations as a result of non-progressive distress during foetal or infant brain development. The non-pregressive distress is frequently associated to sensation, perception, cognition, communication and behavioural disorders, by epilepsy or by secondary muscle distress.
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Effect of Transtheoretical Model Based Smoking Cessation Program on High School Students

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Transtheoretical Model (Stage of Change Model) based smoking cessation program on among high school students.
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Individual and Contextual Aspects Associated with Malocclusion in Brazilian Adolescents

Analytical cross-sectional study using data from the SB Brazil 2010. The dependent variable was malocclusion (absent, set, severe, very severe). Independent variables were classified into: individual (socio-demographic, oral health problems; education, utilization of dental services; self-perception, impact on activities) and contextual (Family Financial Grant, National Health System Development Index (IDSUS), Human Development Index (HDI) and interaction of Gross National Product (GNP) with fluoridated water). A multilevel analysis was executed.
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Obesity and its Correlates among Junior High School Children in the Accra Metropolis

The prevalence of obesity is on the increase worldwide due to changes in diet and physical activity patterns. Childhood obesity is now a major public health challenge in advanced economies. Obesity in childhood tends to persist into adulthood and to predispose to non-communicable diseases. There is little data on childhood obesity and its correlates and determinants in sub-Saharan Africa. A cross-sectional study was carried out using simple random sampling technique to select 260 junior high school children aged 11-15 years from six basic schools (n=768) from three different socioeconomic (low, middle, high) areas of Accra, the capital city of Ghana.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Adolescent

Miyuru Chandradasa

Department of Psychiatry
University of Kelaniya
Sri Lanka

Sheila Barrett

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Northern Illinois University
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States

Gülnaz Karatay

Associate Professor
Public Health Nursing
Munzur University
Turkey

Chandan Saha

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics
School of Medicine
Indiana University
United states
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