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Articles Related to Airway

Goldenhar Syndrome: A Perpetual Airway Challenge for the Anaesthesiologist

Patients with Goldenhar syndrome present as difficult airway to the anaesthesiologist due to various craniofacial anomalies like hemifacial microsomia, retrognathia and high arched palate. Also, these patients often undergo repeated surgeries for their various deformities. A, 4 year old female with Goldenhar syndrome and diagnosed as Right microphthalmos was posted for second stage lid reconstruction surgery. Previous anaesthesia records revealed no history of difficult intubation. During second stage, difficult intubation was encountered and eventually patient’s trachea was successfully intubated with C-MAC® D-blade videolaryngoscope.
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Macrocystis of the Lung in a Preterm Neonate: Case Report

Thoracic ultrasonography has been used to evaluate pulmonary parenchyma and the macrocystis of the lung in a preterm with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation type I. The images gained have been important for diagnosis and therapeutic strategies in our case. An infant was prematurely born with congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation type I. The chest X-ray and computerized tomography showed a great opaque area in the entire right lung, we considered performing a pneumonectomy. This opaque area hampered the expansion of left lung. After draining the macrocystis by ultrasonography-guided puncture, it was possible considering and performing the lobectomy due to the reduction of the volume of macrocystis. During follow up at 4 months, the infant did not show complications and the chest X-ray revealed the reduction of volume of the dense area in parenchyma of right lung.
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Camera Embedded Single Lumen Tube as a Rescue Device for Airway Handling during Lung Separation

Lung isolation in thoracic surgery will usually be achieved either with a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a bronchial blocker (BB). However, even when conducted by anesthesiologists with particular interest and expertise in thoracic anesthesia, the procedure may be troublesome and time consuming.
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Prone Airway Management in Patients with Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are a critical but manageable complication commonly seen in bed-bound patients. Utilizing the Wound Bed Preparation (WBP) model, it is often necessary to perform surgical debridement in prone position for patients with stage III or IV sacral pressure ulcers to avoid infection and further complications.
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Teratoma in the Neonate: An Unusual Cause of Airway Obstruction

Teratoma of the nasopharynx is a very rare lesion with a high mortality rate due to severe airway obstruction, especially in the neonatal period.
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The Relationship between Anterior Tubercle of the Atlas to the Adjacent Oropharyngeal Airway Volume: Implication of Normalized Variables and Gender Differences

To examine a group of 38 Japanese males and females (group matched by age and body mass index) for changes of the anterior tubercle of atlas region and the posterior parapharyngeal wall with increasing age and body mass index.
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C-MAC Video Laryngoscopy Versus Flexible Fiberoptic Laryngoscopy in Patients with Anticipated Difficult Airway: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Tracheal intubation is one of the most common medical procedures performed in hospitals. On one hand, it is highly successful and easy to perform using a rigid laryngoscope. On the other hand, hypoxic brain damage and death may result rapidly if it is unsuccessful.
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Persisting Cough as the Single Presenting Symptom of an Intrathoracic Tumor in a Nine-Month-Old Child with Adenovirus Airway Infection

We report on a nine-month-old girl who presented with persisting cough, and diminished ventilation of the left hemithorax. Viral pneumonia was suspected after Adenovirus detection by PCR, but chest X-rays showed a persistent shadowing of the left hemithorax and persistent coughing despite clinical improvement. Because of the discrepancy between clinical and radiological signs further investigations by ultrasound and CT scan were performed, which visualized an intrathroracic tumor. Histopathology confirmed diagnosis of a teratoma.
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Isolated Laryngeal Coccidioidomycosis - A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Coccidioidomycosis involving the larynx is a rare occurrence which seems to present with non-specific upper airway symptoms. The diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and the treatment is usually fluconazole for 6-12 months depending on the clinical presentation. In unusual presentations of laryngeal problems clinicians should consider Coccidioidomycosis, especially in endemic regions.
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Thoroughbred Race Horses Management: A Key Role of the Veterinarian

The veterinarian must confront many situations when working with thoroughbred horses in which he must solve and make decisions that lead to balance between the animal and trainer / owner of the horse, the above should be resolved in an ethical and professional manner.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Airway

Somchai Amornyotin

Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
Mahidol University
Thailand

MICHAEL FRASS

Professor of Medicine
Specialist in Internal Medicine, Homeopathy
University of Vienna
Austria

Marco Berlucchi

Department of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Spedali Civili
Italy

LAUREN BERKOW

Associate Professor
Division of Neuroanesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
United States

Adolfo Godoy Pinto

Professor
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
University of Chile
Chile

NGUYEN HUU TU

Professor
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
Hanoi Medical University
Vietnam
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