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Articles Related to Antimicrobial

Investigation on Silver Ion Release from Wound Dressings In Vitro and In Vivo

Introduction: In recent years, silver ion based dressings have been widely developed and approved in the market. Meanwhile, methods for selecting appropriate standard models to investigate the silver ion release in vitro and in vivo remains unknown with regard to the safety assessment.Methods and Results: In this study, we have identified that silver ion release in eagle minimum essential mediums(MEM) with 10% fetal calf serum had shown better release kinetics in comparison to other vehicles including simulated body fluid (SBF), 0.9% physiological saline, and 5% glucose.
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Targeted Killing of Streptococcus mutans in Biofilms by a Pheromone Guided Antimicrobial Peptide HP30

Streptococcus mutans is a leading cariogenic pathogen of dental caries worldwide. Clinically, eliminating S. mutans from dental biofilms using antibiotics is not practical, because these agents indiscriminately kill other members of the resident flora, leading to ecological disruption and other negative clinical consequences. To develop target-specific antimicrobials, we evaluated several fusion peptides and identified a new peptide HP30 that showed a high selectivity for targeted killing of S. mutans.
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Isolation and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Algerian Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum) Natural Fermented in Underground Silos Matmora “El-Hammoum” and their Antimicrobial Activity Again Pathogenic Germs

In human nutrition, cereals constitute the basis of the food pyramid. In Algeria, storage of durum wheat (triticum durum) performs in underground silos matmour in some rural areas, these traditional methods rather simple conservation is an alternative for small producers; but starts to disappear because of settlement of the farming populations in the urban areas.
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Characterization and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Aerococcus and Enterococcus Strains Isolated from Apical Periodontitis in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Apical periodontitis is caused by polymicrobial infection. The causative bacteria are generally organized into biofilms that adhere to the canal walls, and may include facultative bacteria such as Aerococcus and Enterococcus, which are the causative agents of several endodontic infections and have a natural resistance to many antibiotics including penicillin.
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Observations on Aeromonas Infection in 7 Patients with Acute Leukemia

Aeromonas infections in humans are becoming increasingly frequent. They have the potential to infect humans and are associated with a variety of illnesses, such as enterocolitis, septicemia, skin and soft tissue infectious and peritonitis.
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Acinetobacter baumannii complex Isolated From Different Clinical Samples In A Tertiary Care Hospital

Increasing resistance to antimicrobial agents used in the treatment of infections based on Acinetobacter baumannii complex strains has become an important health issue.
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Antifungal Potential in Crude Extracts of Five Selected Brown Seaweeds Collected from the Western Libya Coast

The present study confirms the potential use of seaweed extracts as a source of antifungal compound and may constitute a basis for promising future applied research that could investigate the use of seaweeds.
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Review on Pharmacological Activities of the Peptides from Scorpion Buthus Martensii Karsch

In China, the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch is used as functional food and medicinal materials. The scorpion, scorpion venoms and their extracts are effective in treating a variety of nervous system diseases such as epilepsy, apoplexy pains and facial paralysis.
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In-Vitro Antibacterial / Antifungal Screening of 2-Chloroquinoline Scaffold Derivatives

A series of differentiated 2-chloroquinoline derivatives (3-26) having various spacer groups between 2-chloroquinoline and aryl or heteroaryl ring were synthesized by chemical reactions involving nucleophilic addition, nucleophilic substitution, esterification and cyclization.
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Infections Associated with Culture Isolated Fusobacterium Nucleatum: A Retrospective Analysis

The pathogenic potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and its significance in infections has gained new interest. This retrospective study assessed the epidemiology of patients with infections and culture isolated F. nucleatum at two county hospitals in Houston, Texas. Clinical, epidemiological and microbiological data were obtained from the electronic medical record for both Ben Taub General Hospital and Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2011.
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Reduction of Bitterness and Enhancing Palatability of Cetirizine Oral Liquid Dosage Forms by Cyclodextrins

The aim of this manuscript is to study cyclodextrins (CDs) as a potential excipient to suppress bitterness and enhance palatability of pediatric liquid preparations for Cetirizine, an extremely bitter drug. Natural α, β and γ CDs; and β CD derivatives such as hydroxyl propyl (HP), randomly methylated (RM) and sulfobutyl ether (SBE) β-CDs were screened in different molar ratios of 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 for their inhibition of the extremely bitter taste of Cetirizine using the human gustatory sensation test.
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Surgical Wound Management in Dogs using an Improved Stable Chlorine Dioxide Antiseptic Solution.

Three surgical case reports are presented to demonstrate the clinical efficacy of using an improved aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide complex (160 ppm) as a topical antiseptic in the post operative management of serious wounds in dogs. In vitro studies are included to demonstrate the antiseptic properties of this new chlorine dioxide complex.
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The End of the Golden Age of Antibiotics?

The discovery of a substance with antibacterial properties was expected to permanently diminish the occurrence of bacterial infections posing a threat to health and life. Since the discovery of penicillin many new groups of antibiotics have been introduced into treatment of disease in people and animals, but their excessive and frequently unjustified use, and most importantly, incorrect dosage, have led to numerous unanticipated problems in contemporary human and veterinary medicine.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Antimicrobial

Inam Danish Khan

Indian Army Medical Corps
Department of Pathology
Command Hospital
India

Jack Ho WONG

Research Associate
School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Elmar J Prenner

Assistant Professor
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
Canada

Yosra A. Mohamed

Research Associate
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine
The Ohio State University
USA

Abdelwahab Omri

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Laurentian University
Canada

Abdel-Raouf M. Khallil

Professor
Department of Botany and Microbiology
Faculty of Science
Assiut University
Egypt

Bakhtiar Affendi Rosdi

Senior Lecturer
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia

Jayasimha Rao

Associate Professor
Jefferson College of Health Sciences
Department of Medicine
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine
USA

ALBA A. TRESPALACIOS

Professor
Department of Microbiology
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Colombia

Mridula Chopra

Senior Lecturer
School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
University of Portsmouth
United Kingdom
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