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Articles Related to BUN

His Bundle Pacing: Short Review of Literature and Technical Aspects

History of pacing has evolved from the primitive state of temporary transvenous pacing by a large fixed machine to leadless modern technology. The pacing site has also been changed from traditional right ventricular apex to various other sites. The concept behind such experiment was due to several complications in the long term from traditional Right Ventricular Apical Pacing (RVAP). The His Bundle pacing results in conduction and contraction similar to and more often called physiological pacing. This mini-review describes the short history of the evolution of the concept of His Bundle pacing and its technical aspects of successful implantation.
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Estimation of the Abundances of Heavy Elements Isotopes in Neutron Stars

The cataclysmic merger of two rotating neutron stars in an explosive event is called a Kilonova. Such an event (17 August 2017) leads to the production of more than an Earth’s mass of precious metals like gold, platinum, uranium, and many of the rare elements. The merger led to the emission of gravitational waves that travel with the speed of light.
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The Effect of Bundled Interventions on Prevention of Hospital Acquired Clostridium Difficile Infection: An Integrative Review

Hospitalized patients are at an increased risk for acquiring Clostridium Difficile Infection (CDI). Increased virulence of C. difficile strains and increased use of antimicrobials have led to an increase of CDI cases that are more difficult to treat (CDC, 2013). Proper hand hygiene techniques, room cleaning, and equipment cleaning are not consistently being followed by healthcare workers, leading an increased spread of CDI between hospitalized patients. The purpose of this integrative review was to determine the best evidencebased methods to reduce hospital-acquired CDI rates. The evidence reviewed supports the implementation of a multifaceted approach including: (a) proper hand hygiene practices, (b) adequate and appropriate surface cleaning practices, (c) compliance to contact isolation procedures, and (d) strengthening of an existing antimicrobial stewardship committee to reduce hospital-acquired CDI rates.
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Machine Learning Estimation of Pollen Abundance Using Landsat and Meteorological Data

Allergenic diseases are on the rise in the United States and already affect 50 million Americans. Ambrosia pollen is one of the most allergenic forms of pollen, partially due to the shear volume of pollen that each Ambrosia plant generates. This paper describes a machine learning approach used to forecast the Ambrosia pollen levels in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Machine learning along with comprehensive environmental data (reflectance values derived from Landsat satellite images and parameters from the NASA MERRA meteorological analysis) are utilized to predict Ambrosia pollen levels. The outcome shows an improvement over previous studies and gives new information that could be advantageous for future pollen forecasting. In this study, 21 different machine learning approaches for predicting the ragweed pollen levels were tested. These studies highlighted several Landsat variables were useful in forecasting the ragweed pollen levels, including the shortwave infrared (SWIR1) and near-infrared (NIR) reflectance of various time lags.
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Pot Pourri - A Bundle of Findings

This 63 year old gentleman, known to suffer from retroviral disease for the past 12 years, first presented in 2011 with carcinoma of caecum, for which he underwent a radical right hemicolectomy. Following this, he presented with descending colon malignancy for which completion colectomy with ileo sigmoid anastomosis was performed (2013). In 2014 he had a right inguinal hernia for which total extraperitoneal hernioplasty was done (TEP) and a mesh tacked with the structures in the posterior wall of inguinal canal.
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Liquid Biopsy in Advanced Gastric Malignancy and Molecular Targeted Therapy; a Case Report and Update Pertaining Anti HER2-Neu Therapy

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is responsible for the pathogenesis and poor outcomes of several types of cancers, including advanced gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancer. Molecular-targeted drugs on the other hand, such as trastuzumab, prolong overall survival and progression-free survival in HER2-positive gastric cancer. The purpose of the case report is to evaluate the impact of delivering trastuzumab in advanced gastric cancer with concomitant HER2 mutation and amplification.
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Severe Bone Marrow Suppression Associated with Use of Clopidogrel

A 60 year-old male presented with fever, malaise, and myalgias. The patient was admitted 3 weeks prior for acute coronary syndrome, underwent coronary stent placement, and was started on clopidogrel.
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Gastroesophageal Cancer: Prognostic Factors and Treatment Results

The study presents the remote results of surgical treatment of 329 patients with cancer of gastroesophageal localization. Three 3-year survival rate is 37.1%, the 5-year survival rate is 26.2%. Prognosis after the surgery depends primarily on the extent of the tumour spread.
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Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System a Riddle, Wrapped in a Mystery, inside an Enigma

54-year-old gentleman with a previous medical history consistent of recurrent headaches, hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypercholesterolemia and recurrent renal calculi. Over a one-year period, he gradually developed worsening headaches associated with intermittent blurred vision, generalized aches and pains, mild cognitive impairment, and several episodes of focal upper and lower limb weakness.
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Mckittrick-Wheelock Syndrome and Diabetes Insipidus

Secretory villous adenoma is characterized with watery diarrhea, which may lead to dehydration, with resulting volume depletion, electrolyte imbalance, circulatory failure and renal dysfunction. We hereby report a case of villous adenoma associated with severe electrolyte imbalance complicated by diabetes insipidus.
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Threat of Mosquito-Borne Human Viral Diseases

Mosquitoes, with its annoying behavior, are the worst enemy in human societies worldwide. To complicate matters, there are more than 3,500 species of mosquitoes existing globally
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Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Arthritic Efficacy and Safety of Purified Shilajit in Moderately Arthritic Dogs

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of purified Shilajit in moderately arthritic dogs. Ten client-owned dogs in a randomized double-blinded study received either a placebo or Shilajit (500 mg) twice daily for a period of five months. Dogs were evaluated each month for physical condition (body weight, body temperature, heart rate, and respiration rate) and pain associated with arthritis (overall pain, pain from limb manipulation, and pain after physical exertion).
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Editorial Board Members Related to BUN

Jae Hwa Kim

Professor
Department of Orthopedics
CHA Bundang Medical Center
CHA University
Korea

TZI BUN NG

Professor of Biochemistry
School of Biomedical Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
China

EUGENE A. CIOFFI

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
College of Medicine
University of South Alabama
United States

Tzi Bun NG

Professor
School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Hung-Jen Liu

Distinguished Professor & Director
Institute of Molecular Biology
National Chung Hsing University
Taiwan

Madhuresh Kumar Sethi

Researcher
Research and Development
Mylan Laboratories Limited
India

Ki Baik Hahm

Professor
Cancer Prevention Research Center
CHA University
Korea

Hung-Jen Liu

Professor and Director
Institute of Molecular Biology
National Chung Hsing University
Taiwan

Jason W. Locasale

Assistant Professor
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
United States
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