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Articles Related to CAL

Bismuth Mass Fraction Determination in Thin Films by an ICP-AES Validated Method and Uncertainty Estimation

This paper covers the validation and measurement uncertainty evaluation of an ICP-AES method for bismuth mass fraction determination in bismuth sulfide thin films. Plasma view at radial mode and the wavelength were monitored for bismuth at 223.061 nm. Following AFNOR (Association Française de Normalisation) Norm NFT 90-210 (2009), a regression equation was calculated using single element bismuth standard solution prepared in the same matrix as samples. The linear range was between 0.2 and 2.0 mg L−1. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were calculated as 0.03 and 0.12 mg L−1, respectively. Recovery percentages were ranging between 91 and 109 %. Accuracy was found to be adequate. Estimated expanded uncertainty according to both GUM and EURACHEM guides was 3.1 %.
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Genetic Relatedness and Characterization of O25b-B2-ST131, in Stool Isolates of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin-Resistant Escherichia Coli Strains in Healthy Children under 10 Years of Age

Background and Purpose: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the multidrug-resistant pathogens, producing extendedspectrum beta-lactamase enzymes. Molecular typing of this pathogen can be useful for determining the source of dissemination and transfer of resistance and virulence genes of these isolates. Considering the significance of infection in children, in this study, we examined the stool flora of children (<10 years) to show the characteristics and clonal relationship of the isolates.
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Forensic Odontology is the means to identify a person from their dental remains. Various methods are there for identifying an individual. In this study, the main aim is to identify an edentulous person making a positive identification by means of Barcode. A Barcode is a machine-readable code in the form of numbers and a pattern of parallel lines of varying widths, printed on a commodity. The study focuses on creating dentures with identification marks/labels using patient’s identity proofs such as Aadhar Card, PAN card, Voter ID card. And these will be incorporated in the denture after acrylization using cost effective and minimally altering method. This is an attempt to incorporate identity marks in dentures that can be provided by a General Dental Practitioner on day-to-day basis.
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GMP-Compliant Production of a Fluorescent Antibody for in vivo Molecular Endoscopy in a Phase I/IIa Clinical Study in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

Therapeutic response to anti-TNF antibody treatment in inflammatory bowel diseases is strongly influenced by transmembrane tumor necrosis factor (mTNF) expression in the intestinal mucosa. Fluorescent anti-TNF antibodies applied for in vivo molecular endoscopy have shown to be able to quantify mucosal mTNF expression in real-time and predict response to subsequent anti-TNF treatment in individual patients with Crohn’s.
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Stroke Mimics: Diagnosis and Management of Patients with Suggestive Clinical Manifestations of Ischemic Stroke

Background and Purpose: Ischemic stroke is a treatable medical emergency. The diagnosis of stroke is mainly clinical and not always so obvious. Intravenous thrombolysis treatment with altepase IV and endovascular treatment have been proved as fist-line beneficial options for eligible patients who have acute ischemic stroke. However, approximately 30% of patients who experience an acute neurological deficit compatible with ischemic stroke fall into the category of "stroke mimics"
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Antiradical and Antibacterial Activities of The Ethanolic Extract of Terminalia Avicennioides Guill. and Perr. (Combretaceae) from Chad

Oxidative stress associated with bacterial infections, are recognized as being a key factor in the appearance and complications of many chronic pathologies. To help overcome these difficulties, herbal remedies are one of the alternatives for the development of traditionally improved drugs. The objective of this work is to evaluate the antiradical and antibacterial activities of the ethanolic extract of the bark of the trunk of Terminalia avicennioides. Plant used in traditional medicine in Chad in the treatment of infectious diseases.
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Clinico - Etiological and Hematological Profile of Severe Anemia in Pediatric Population Aged 1-13 Years at A Tertiary Care Cent

This study is an attempt to emphasize the prevalence of severe anemia in pediatric age group and characterize different clinical and Hematological findings among them. Anemia is a major global health problem, especially in developing countries like India, despite the fact that this problem is largely preventable & easily treatable. It leads to morbidity and mortality in children and establish a public health problem of substantial importance.
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Evaluation of tacrolimus blood concentration variability after oral, sublingual and enteral route administration, in adult transplant recipients hospitalized in a critical care unit

After the early post-operative stage of solid organ transplant (SOT), oral administration of immunosuppressive drugs such as tacrolimus may be compromised, due to gastrointestinal problems or surgical complications.
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Effects of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli on haematological parameters, immunity, gut microbiota profile and metabolites in weaned Ningxiang piglets

The purpose of this study was to clarify the response of Ningxiang pig against pathogenic enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) during the weaning period. Sixteen weaned Ningxiang pigs, were selected from one litter at 28 days and randomly allocated into two groups, with or without oral administration of ETEC (109 colony forming units/piglet/d) for two consecutive days. Blood and intestinal samples were collected after sacrifice to investigate the influence for systemic and gastrointestinal tract influences
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Ground Water Quality Assessment of Lalgudi Block, Tiruchirappalli District by Using Gis

Water is a compound and may occur in a liquid form or in a solid form or in a gaseous form. All these three forms of water are extremely useful to all, providing the luxuries and comforts, in addition to fulfilling basic necessities of life. The present study aims to determine the ground water quality in Lalgudi Taluk. Water samples were collected from fifteen samplings points.
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Climate Change: Effects and Adaptation Strategies Among Orange Fleshed Sweet potato (ofsp) Farmers in Anambra East and West Local Government in Anambra State, Nigeria

The study investigated the effects of climate change and adaptation strategies among Orange Fleshed Sweet potato (OFSP) farmers in Anambra East and West local government in Anambra State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the sources of information on climate change by the farmers, determine the causes of climate change in the study area, ascertain the perceived effects of climate change on OFSP farmers, assess the adaptation strategies used by the farmers and identify constraints to climate change adaptation strategies.
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Chemicals Disinfections and Their Effects on The Dimensional Stability of Alginate: Systematic Review

Dental practice involves a risk of exposure to microorganisms causing many infectious diseases. The risk of contamination starts at the beginning of the prosthetic workflow through impressions. Various chemical disinfection protocols for dental impressions are reported in the literature.
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Application of Urea and Wood Ash on Soil Nutrient Composition, Growth and Yield of Okra Under Degraded Humid Tropical Alfisol of Southwestern Nigeria

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Minimization of Agricultural Waste through Energy Recovery. Evaluation of the Production of Green Biofuels Using Theoretical Models

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Zoning and Modeling of Noise Pollution of Mashhad Police Highway by Statistical Technique, GIS Software and TNM2.5 Model

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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Editorial Board Members Related to CAL

Mohamed Eddouoks

Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Errachidia
Moulay Ismail University

Maria Olenick

Chair Undergraduate Nursing
Clinical Assistant Professor
Florida International University


Associate Professor
Departments of Medicine, Critical Care and Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
United States

Yu Huang

School of Biomedical Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Murali S. Rao

Professor & Chair
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Loyola University Chicago

Chi-Rei Wu

Associate Professor
Department of Chinese pharmaceutical sciences
China medical university

Guliz Kozdag

Cardiology and Internal Medicine Specialist
Montefiore Medical Center

Chang Hoon Bae

Department of Otorhinolaryngology
College of Medicine
Yeungnam University
South Korea

Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi

Assistant Professor
Deaprtment of Immunology
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

Masoor Kamalesh

Associate Professor
Cardiology Division
Indiana University
United States
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