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Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is considered a public health problem and its prevalence increases over the years, in Brazil. Currently, 37 million people are living with HIV and 4 million of these patients infected with the virus may have COPD. However, many of these cases may be underreported. In Brazil, these two clinical situations (HIV infection and COPD) have a high incidence, which causes a great expense for the public health, increased morbidity and mortality of these patients. We observed that, in the national literature, there is a gap on the association between these two scenarios.
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Proposed Perioperative Guidelines for Selective Infectious Diseases in the Pediatric Population

It is essential for practitioners to recognize the pathophysiology of commonly presenting infectious diseases and their mode of transmission. This allows healthcare workers to provide a safe perioperative experience for the patient as well as engage in appropriate infection control practices. There are a number of noteworthy pediatric respiratory infections, such as the novel coronavirus, known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and pulmonary tuberculosis.
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Characterization of Pugmark for Animal Species Identification for Forensic Importance

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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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Anemia Associated to Helicobacter pylori at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHU-YO) of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso

Infection with Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is implicated in iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies without any etiologies. Our prospective study conducted at the Teaching Hospital Yalgado OUEDRAOGO at OUAGADOUGOU (BURKINA FASO) aimed to find a link between H. pyloriinfection and anemia in our context. Patients and Methods:Were selected, patients with iron deficien
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The Bridge between Emotion and Crime

The definition of law is broadly defined as the whole of the regulations that organize the general society and that determine the sanction power of the government.
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A Comparative Study of Different Blood Alcohol Concentration Effect on Handwriting

Handwriting is a visible speech which is not spoken but written. There are various internal and external factors that might cause variation in handwriting
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Consumption Pattern of Fruits and Vegetables among Solar Market Garden Women’s Groups from Kalalé District of Northern Benin, West Africa

Anemia and iron (ID) and vitamin A (VAD) deficiency continue to be significant public health issues in northern Benin, despite the installation of solar market gardens (SMGs), suggesting an urgent need of implementing nutrition programs to benefit the full impact of SMG.
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Photographic Height/Length & Scientific Characteristics for Identity

Each and every individual is having its own biological characteristics that scientifically originated through DNA configuration.
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Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Twin Sisters after Ibuprofen Administration. New Insights in Pathogenesis and Literature Review

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are closely-related, severe, acute life-threatening, drug-induced skin and mucosal disorders with a high mortality rate or long-term damages. These medical conditions are considered a delayed, typeIV hypersensitivity reaction and can be triggered by drugs, infections and malignancies.
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An Exhaustive Mapping Model for Modified Likelihood Ratio for Handwriting Recognition in Forensic Science

Most forensic investigations are done based on the forensic expert’s level of expertise.
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Dry Eye Evaluation in Saudi Patients with Vitamin D Deficiency

This study included 75 patients with vitamin D deficiency (group 1), and 25 healthy subjects (group 2). All subjects completed ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire and underwent to a full ophthalmological examination. The dry eye was assessed in this order: tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining scoring using the Oxford Schema, and anesthetized Schirmer test (Schirmer II). Measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was done using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) in the laboratory. All patients were recruited from College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, and Dwaak Medical Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, by nonrandomized convenience sam¬pling method from February to April 2017.
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Is the Emergency Bag of the Doctor of a Rural Medical Capacity Ready for Emergencies? A Quality Improvement Project (QIP) in a Greek Rural Health Center

This article describes the procedure we followed in a small rural medical capacity in Greece, to improve a crucial aspect of the everyday clinical practice and adopt a culture of auto-regulation through the procedure of Audit. As Doctors of the Amfiklia Health Center we are often called to leave the office and deal with emergency cases out of the Health Center. It was common ground that the maintenance of the Emergency Bag we use in these cases is neglected. We audited our practice using certain standards, analyzed the findings, recommended regulations, implemented the changes and re-audited our practice. At the end of this project we managed to ensure that the Emergency Bag has almost all of the necessary drugs and consumables which will be in-date. We also managed to improve our practice with regards to the appropriate recording of the Controlled Drugs used during such cases.
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Canavan Disease (Aspartoacylase Deficiency): Report of the First Case in Basque Country and a Novel Mutation in Europe

Canavan disease, a genetic and metabolic neurodegenerative disorder, occurs at early ages, causing visual, neurological alterations, and fatal consequences. There is no curative treatment, although lithium citrate is being investigated. This is the first case reported in the Basque region of Spain and it introduces a novel mutation to Europe.
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Clinical Relevance of Serum Retinol in Patients with Cirrhosis of Liver

Vitamin A has multitude of function and liver plays pivotal role in its metabolism. Diseases of liver of various etiology and severity may affect vitamin A status.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to CIE

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France

Ren-Ke Li

Professor
Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
University of Toronto
Canada

Yanni Sun

Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science and Engineering
Michigan State University
United States

Marcela Claudia Pagano

Institute of Exact Sciences
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Brazil

Andrés Rodríguez Seijo

Department of Plant Biology and Soil Science
Faculty of Sciences - University of Vigo
Spain

Shin-ichi Yusa

Associate Professor
Department of Materials Science and Chemistry
University of Hyogo
Japan

Yongjun Liu

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
Tulane University
United States

Christophe Rosenberger

Professor
Department Of Computer Science
National School of Engineering
France

Hironobu Ihn

Professor & Chairman
Department of Dermatology & Plastic Surgery
Faculty Life Sciences
Kumamoto University
Japan

Songon An

Assistant Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Maryland Baltimore County
United States
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