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Articles Related to Carbon

Investigation of Graphene Oxide in Diesel Soot

NanotechnologyAbstractIntroductionGraphene has emerged as a potential material in various scientific disciplines, ranging from material science, engineering, and more recently biomedicine. The paper describes the investigation of the presence of graphene and graphene oxide (GO) in the carbon soot of internal combustion diesel engines. The UV-Visible, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X- ray diffraction (XRD), Photoluminescent (PL) and Raman spectroscopic analysis of the sample provided a conclusive evidence of the formation of graphene and GO. The Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectrum (EDX) of the sample show carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) of size less than 50nm.
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Bioequivalence Study of Two Oral-Capsule Formulations of Omeprazole 20 mg in Combination with Sodium Bicarbonate in Healthy Mexican Adult Volunteers

In Mexico, the immediate-release formulation of omeprazole 20 mg in combination with 1100 mg of sodium bicarbonate (oral capsules) is indicated for patients over 18 years for the treatment of gastritis, reflux, heartburn and the sensation of emptiness caused by the excessive acid production.
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A Review on Nanoprobes for Sensing, Imaging and Disease Detection

This review focuses on imaging, visualization and detection of diseases using nanoprobes. Several currently available nanoprobes such as fluorescent nanoprobes, upconversion nanoparticle probes, supermagnetic iron oxide nanoprobes, and polymer- and liposome based nanoprobes are discussed.
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Assessment of Rumen Microbial Adaptation to Garlic Oil, Carvacrol and Thymol Using the Consecutive Batch Culture System

Although plant derivatives have shown promise in reducing enteric methane (CH4) emissions from ruminants in short-term studies, investigation on possible rumen microbial adaptation to these compounds is still limited. The objective of this study was to assess the possibility of mixed rumen microbial adaptation to antimethanogenic plant derivatives over relatively long-term in vitro incubation. Treatments were: garlic oil, carvacrol and thymol, each at a final concentration of 300 mg/l.
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Video-Thoracoscopic Extended Thymectomy with Sternal Elevation and Carbon Dioxide Insufflation

To remove the thymus safely and completely in the surgical management for MG, especially for the upper pole of the thymus in the neck, we have performed video-thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (VATET) with sternal elevation and carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation. From November 2013 to May 2014, we conducted VATET for three MG patients. Symptomatic improvement was obtained, and there was neither mortality nor perioperative complications. VATET with sternal elevation and CO2 insufflation was a safe and valid technique for thymectomy for MG. Clinical short-term results were satisfactory.
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Nanotechnology Commercialization: Prospects in India

Nanotechnology manipulates and creates matter to formulate nanometer scale materials and objects. It is an interdisciplinary field that involves a wide range of scientific and engineering disciplines, and has societal implications.
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Targeted Approach for Prostate Cancer Treatment: Synthesis and Characterization of Docetaxel-Loaded Perfluorocarbon Nanodroplets

The purpose of this study is to synthesize and characterize nanodroplets, loaded with docetaxel for treatment of prostate cancer under MR-guided focused ultrasound. Water insoluble docetaxel encapsulated in nanodroplets is expected to be delivered into tumors with greater efficiency while minimizing drug related systemic toxicities when used in combination with focused ultrasound. The sequence of our studies toward development and characterization of docetaxel-loaded nanodroplets is as follows. First, we developed methods for synthesis of ultrasound-responsive, docetaxel-loaded nanodroplets (Doc-nd) by a solid dispersion technique. Secondly, we characterized Doc-nd by its morphology and size distributions using a dynamic light scattering (DLS) method.
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Headspace GC-MS Detection of Carbon Monoxide in Decomposed Blood and Hepatic Tissues

Here in a systematic, accurate and reliable method, Head-Space Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (HS-GC/MS) was developed to determine blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb%), in order to investigate deaths related to CO exposure especially involving blood and hepatic tissues.
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Perspectives and Potential Applications of Ruthenium-Based Nanocarriers for Cancer Therapy

Cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease characterised by continuous uncontrolled growth and expansion of abnormal cells. In general, in tumor cells the signalling pathways regulating cellular processes, as cell growth and division and cell to cellcommunication result strongly altered.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Carbon

Inbo Han

Associate professor
Department of Neurosurgery
CHA University
South Korea

Jason W. Locasale

Assistant Professor
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
United States

Domenico Rubello

Director
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT Centre
Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital
Italy

RAVINDRA K. MALIK

Professor
Natural and Forensic Sciences Department
Albany State University
United States

Moinuddin Sarker

Natural State Research Inc.
Stamford, Connecticut
United States

Daniela Iannazzo

University Researcher
Department of Electronic Engineering, Industrial Chemistry and Engineering
University of Messina
Italy

Mo SONG

Professor
Department of Materials
Loughborough University
United Kingdom

Robert Kinobe

Senior Lecturer
Physiology and Pharmacology
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Australia
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