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Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor of the Vulva: A Case Report

Buschke-Lowenstein tumor or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare disorder of the external genitalia, belonging to the group of verrucous carcinomas, and usually affects immunocompromised men. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are potentially involved in the pathophysiology. A detailed questioning, a rigorous clinical examination and complementary imaging are important to establish an accurate lesion assessment and an adapted management. Wide surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
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Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis in a Middle-Aged Woman: a Case Report

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) extremely rarely occurrs in adults according to current literature.We report one case of IPH in a middle-aged woman presenting with extensive central-predominant ground glass opacities and consolidation in the lungs. Since these imaging findings are not specific and can be similar to other diffuse pulmonary diseases, it is essential to have an deep understanding of this disorder. Imaging findings must be combined with clinical laboratory examination to make a diagnosis of IPH. Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is the gold standard for evaluation of suspected patients. We review the current literature and provide a recommendation based on discussion.
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Iatrogenic Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children: a Case Report

Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the important causes of pediatric airway obstruction, and the etiology can be classified as congenital and acquired. With the widespread use of tracheal intubation and tracheotomy in pediatric emergency, iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually replacing trauma and infection as the major cause of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis [1]. Nowadays, open surgery is the first choice for severe laryngotracheal stenosis cases [1,2]. Here, we describe a case of childhood iatrogenic severe laryngotracheal stenosis, and the reflection on the current treatment methods of children with laryngotracheal stenosis.
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Case Reports: Hepatic Sclerosing Hemangioma: A Diagnostic Dilemma!

Haemangiomas are the most common benign incidentally detected hepatic lesions with a prevalence of ~20%. Most of them have typical imaging features and are easily diagnosed on triple phase studies. These are capillary, flash and giant hemangioma. Another subset of haemangiomas are Sclerosing hemangiomas or atypical haemangioma; these are sclerosed, thrombosed and/or hyalinised due to which these are heterogenous and show varied appearance making them difficult to diagnose.
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Case Report: Severe Sequelae of Sleep Disorders

We report 2 cases of severe injuries in patients with sleep disorders. The first patient sustained multiple orthopedic traumas as sequelae of REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD). The second patient sustained a severe TBI as a result of restless legs syndrome (RLS). To our knowledge, there are only 2 reported cases of severe orthopedic traumas (cervical spine fractures) as a result of RBD and no reported cases of severe TBI from RLS.
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Application of Lando®Artificial Dermal Regeneration Matrix in Treatment of Challenging Scar Contracture Release of a Severely Deformed Wrist: A Case Report

Here we present a case of a 36–year–old woman who suffered from severe (118°) flexion deformity of the right wrist joint because of heavily burn scar contracture of the right hand wrist. After scar excision, the wrist external fixator was applied and adjusted regularly to extent the wrist and to obtain normal range of motion of the wrist joint. Skin reconstruction was performed with a dermal regeneration matrix and eventually with a split-thickness skin graf
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Tofacitinib as a Therapeutic Option in the Treatment of Refractory Scleritis: A Case Report

This was a 50-year-old patient with recurrent bilateral nodular anterior scleritis refractory to several treatments, including immunosuppressants and anti Tnfα. She was assessed for the different causes of immune-mediated and infectious diseases, but nothing was found. Tofacitinib was started 5 mg twice a day, which led to the spacing of crises until their total disappearance. At present, the patient has been crisis-free for nine months. In conclusion, the use of Janus Kinase inhibitor (Tofacitinib) alone was effective in the treatment of refractory recurrent nodular anterior scleritis.
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Giant Ureteral Stone in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report

A 9 year old boy refered to the hospital with abdominal pain insisting for 2 weeks. In his history there was any clinic symptom before. A giant opasification was detected in the distal part of the right ureter on plain abdominal film. Hematuria, hyperuricosuria, hyperoxaluria and hypocitraturia in his urinary analysis. Only a small right kidney (right kidney: 62x25mm; left kidney: 100x35mm) has found in the abdominal ultarsonography and an approximately a stone 42x17mm in seizes has detected in the magnetic resonance urography.
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Right Ovarian Vein Thrombophlebitis Complicated by an Inferior Endocaval Floating Thrombus Revealed by Postpartum Pyrexia: A Case Report

The clinical course of our patient highlights an atypical presentation of thromboembolic disease related to pregnancy, a thrombophlebitis of the right ovarian vein with endocaval floating thrombus. The diagnosis remains difficult since it is a rare entity with an atypical presentation but with serious medical consequences.
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To Evaluate the Efficacy of Ultrasound Guided Distraction Osteogenesis by Evaluating Qualitative Estimation of Bone Fill at Regeneration site and Management of Severe Mandibular Hypoplasia Secondary to Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: A Case Report

Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is an established method for correction of developmental anomaly of the facial skeleton. The early beginning of urgent surgical corrections are allowed in smaller age as even small children suffering from bilateral severe mandibular deficiency who are often associated with breathing and swallowing disorder caused by glossoptosis.
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A Case Report of Gall Bladder Perforation with Huge Abdominal Cyst

We report a case of 19-year-old female presented with history of abdominal distension for 4 months for which she was counselled to be because of pregnancy. She gave birth to healthy baby one month back but abdominal distension didn’t resolve. On examination, she had distended and tender abdomen with visible striae.
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Succinylcholine Used for Difficult Airway Lead to Difficult Airway - A Case Report

Succinylcholine (Sch) is usually given for intubation in suspected difficult airway due to its fast onset and short duration of action. We report a case of Masseter Muscle Rigidity (MMR) after giving Sch to a patient for lap cholecystectomy with difficult airway
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Six Years to Diagnose Bilateral Congenital Choanal Atresia: A Case Report

Bilateral choanal atresia is a rare congenital malformation, which causes asphyxia neonatorum rarely compatible with life, making this pathology a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. We report a very rare case of bilateral choanal atresia in a girl who survived to the age of 6 without neonatal care, and we discuss the clinical, endoscopic, radiological aspects and the treatment of this condition
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Primary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Mandibular Bone, an Extremly Rare Case Report

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare epithelial neoplasm, that may affect the salivary glands. It comprises 30% of epithelial minor salivary gland tumors. We present the case of a 56-year-old non-smoking woman with no significant medical history. The MRI finds a lesional process involving the right hemi mandible, the right buccal floor, which extends towards the region of the masticators and infiltrates the submandibular gland. A bone biopsy of the mandible under general anesthesia was performed, showing an adenoid cystic carcinoma. After announcing the diagnosis to the patient, she refused any treatment
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Editorial Board Members Related to Case Report

Norio Yasui-Furukori

Associate Professor
Department of Neuropsychiatry
Hirosaki University School of Medicine
Japan

Adam Reich

Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of Rzeszow
Poland

Norio Yasui-Furukori

Associate Professor
Department of Neuropsychiatry
Hirosaki University School of Medicine
Japan

Vikram Khanna

Orthopedic Surgeon
Ranjana Hospital
Allahabad

GIUSTI CRISTIANO

Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
University Hospital “Campus Bio-Medico”
Italy
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