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Articles Related to Children

Iatrogenic Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children: a Case Report

Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the important causes of pediatric airway obstruction, and the etiology can be classified as congenital and acquired. With the widespread use of tracheal intubation and tracheotomy in pediatric emergency, iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually replacing trauma and infection as the major cause of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis [1]. Nowadays, open surgery is the first choice for severe laryngotracheal stenosis cases [1,2]. Here, we describe a case of childhood iatrogenic severe laryngotracheal stenosis, and the reflection on the current treatment methods of children with laryngotracheal stenosis.
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Mental Health and Psychological Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic sweeps across the world, it is causing widespread concern, fear and stress, all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and uncertain situation that everyone finds themselves in. “The issue facing each and every one of us is how we manage and react to the stressful situation unfolding so rapidly in our lives and communities. Here we can draw on the remarkable powers of strength and cooperation that we also fortunately possess as humans. And that is what we must try to focus on to respond most effectively to this crisis as individuals, family and community members, friends and colleagues,” said Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
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Plasma Exchange for Neuroborreliosis Associated with Guillain Barre Syndrome

Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a rare infectious disorder of the nervous system caused by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes. Different neurological conditions were reported in the disease.
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Effect of a Nationwide Universal HBV Vaccination Program and Catch-Up Vaccination Campaign on HBV Prevalence in Children

In individuals with no immune disorders, a total of three Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccinations is recommended, with no need for booster doses except for certain circumstances. However, some studies have indicated that in infants vaccinated at birth against HBV in the context of a universal vaccination program may have reduced antibody titers over years, with a need for a booster dose at adolescence.
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Non-Polio Enterovirus Meningitis in Children-Clinical Spectrum, Viral Serotypes and Outcome: Unusual Community Outbreak Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre from Oman

Enterovirus meningitis is one of the commonest viruses causing meningitis in children which is underdiagnosed. The epidemiology of EV infections is not well studied in the Middle East and Arab Gulf Region. No Study was conducted in Oman to explore more about viral meningitis. This study will help to review enterovirus meningitis in order to guide management and patient care in Oman and will help to decrease the cost of treatment by avoiding unnecessary investigations.
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Inflammatory “Endotheliopathy’’ with COVID 19 Infections in Children, Unanswered Questions for Management Post Recovery

Recent studies from U.K, US and Canada have reported a unique presentation of the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) in the pediatric age group. High fevers, rash, multiorgan involvement was a recurrent mode of presentation; with an overall case fatality rate in the US-Canadian PICU consortium group was reported to be approximately 4.2% [1-7]
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Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
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Construct Validity and Reliability of a Knowledge, Attitude, Perception, and Behaviors on Dietary Practices Questionnaire for School-Age Children in Panama

The study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish questionnaire to assess nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors (KAPB) for use among school-aged children aged (6 - 10 years) in Panama.
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Evaluation of the Autistic Children Motor Skills: Research Project Proposal

Imitation is considered as a platform for interdisciplinary studies where social sciences, cognitive psychology, neurobiology and neurocybernetics interact, as well as clinical psychology. It is often used to explore various and several scientific fields but few works have investigated a series of linked successive motor actions. The current work aimed to study and expand the findings regarding which information subjects of different populations selected and included for reproducing demonstrated model ’actions. 120 children of 6 age groups divided between 3 years and 8 years, associated to autistic and deficient children were tested in this present study. This developmental scale completed, should provide a baseline for understanding in what type of constraints the autistic child would be specifically deficient in the management of his imitation. The comparison with mentally deficient children also seemed indispensable. The children’s imitative responses were videotaped, coded in dichotomy data, and then put into percentage. Our expected goal is to characterize the traits of autistic motor skills in reference to normal and mentally deficient development.
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Emerging Coxsackievirus A6 Causing Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Children in Gabon

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD) is an epidemic childhood illness caused by enteroviruses including enterovirus A71 (EVA71), coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6). This disease mainly affects children under 5 years of age, causing typical skin rash such as papulovesicular rash on the palms, feet, and mouth. However, atypical clinical signs may include eruption in others anatomic sites, palmar and plantar desquamation and onychomadesis. Severe complications including encephalitis, myocarditis or meningitis can occur.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Factors Contributing to Malnutrition among Under-Fives: A Survey of Mubende Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda

Over 90% of children with stunted growth are situated in Africa and Asia. Nearly 45% of deaths among under-fives in low and middle income countries are associated with under nutrition.
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Eating Patterns, Dietary Diversity and the Nutritional Status of Children Residing in Orphanages in Southwestern Nigeria

The population of orphaned children is increasing at devastating levels especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Prevalence of Anemia among Children Aged 6 Months - 12 Years Attending Emergency Room in Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital for Children, North of Jordan

The purpose of this study was to use the computerized database of princess Rahma teaching hospital for children to analyze the prevalence of anemia among children aged 6 months - 12 years attending the emergency room of the hospital.
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Availability and Knowledge of Iodized Salt at Household Level and Associated Factors at Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia

IDDs are among the major public health problems of the world. Nearly two billion individuals worldwide and about 350 million Africans are at risk of iodine deficiency and face many risks from its deficiency and complications. Poor knowledge related to iodine diet and iodized salt utilization were some of the factors. Poor Educational status, Occupation and Sources of Information were frequently cited factors related to Knowledge on iodized salt consumption. Iodized salt is an effective and cheap method to prevent and control iodine deficiency in the community.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Children

Efimia Papadopoulou-Alataki

Assistant professor
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Papageorgiou Hospital
Greece

Huda Faleh Gharaibeh

Associate Professor
Maternal Child Health Department
Faculty of Nursing
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

JAMES G. CAIN

Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
United States

MARCO CARUSELLI

Pediatric Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit
La Timone Children’s Hospital
France

MICHAEL P. SHERMAN

Professor Emeritus
Department of Child Health
Division of Neonatology
University of California-Davis School of Medicine
United States

VANA SPOULOU

Associate Professor
Department of Paediatrics
University of Athens Medical School
Greece

Ramani Ramchandran

Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Medical College of Wisconsin
United States

JOANNE BAERG

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatric Surgery
Loma Lindal University Children's Hospital
United States

Kathy K Isoldi

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Long Island University
United States

PRABHAKARAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
National University of Singapore
Singapore
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