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Articles Related to Children

Non-Polio Enterovirus Meningitis in Children-Clinical Spectrum, Viral Serotypes and Outcome: Unusual Community Outbreak Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre from Oman

Enterovirus meningitis is one of the commonest viruses causing meningitis in children which is underdiagnosed. The epidemiology of EV infections is not well studied in the Middle East and Arab Gulf Region. No Study was conducted in Oman to explore more about viral meningitis. This study will help to review enterovirus meningitis in order to guide management and patient care in Oman and will help to decrease the cost of treatment by avoiding unnecessary investigations.
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Inflammatory “Endotheliopathy’’ with COVID 19 Infections in Children, Unanswered Questions for Management Post Recovery

Recent studies from U.K, US and Canada have reported a unique presentation of the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) in the pediatric age group. High fevers, rash, multiorgan involvement was a recurrent mode of presentation; with an overall case fatality rate in the US-Canadian PICU consortium group was reported to be approximately 4.2% [1-7]
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Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
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Construct Validity and Reliability of a Knowledge, Attitude, Perception, and Behaviors on Dietary Practices Questionnaire for School-Age Children in Panama

The study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish questionnaire to assess nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors (KAPB) for use among school-aged children aged (6 - 10 years) in Panama.
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Evaluation of the Autistic Children Motor Skills: Research Project Proposal

Imitation is considered as a platform for interdisciplinary studies where social sciences, cognitive psychology, neurobiology and neurocybernetics interact, as well as clinical psychology. It is often used to explore various and several scientific fields but few works have investigated a series of linked successive motor actions. The current work aimed to study and expand the findings regarding which information subjects of different populations selected and included for reproducing demonstrated model ’actions. 120 children of 6 age groups divided between 3 years and 8 years, associated to autistic and deficient children were tested in this present study. This developmental scale completed, should provide a baseline for understanding in what type of constraints the autistic child would be specifically deficient in the management of his imitation. The comparison with mentally deficient children also seemed indispensable. The children’s imitative responses were videotaped, coded in dichotomy data, and then put into percentage. Our expected goal is to characterize the traits of autistic motor skills in reference to normal and mentally deficient development.
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Emerging Coxsackievirus A6 Causing Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Children in Gabon

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD) is an epidemic childhood illness caused by enteroviruses including enterovirus A71 (EVA71), coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6). This disease mainly affects children under 5 years of age, causing typical skin rash such as papulovesicular rash on the palms, feet, and mouth. However, atypical clinical signs may include eruption in others anatomic sites, palmar and plantar desquamation and onychomadesis. Severe complications including encephalitis, myocarditis or meningitis can occur.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Factors Contributing to Malnutrition among Under-Fives: A Survey of Mubende Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda

Over 90% of children with stunted growth are situated in Africa and Asia. Nearly 45% of deaths among under-fives in low and middle income countries are associated with under nutrition.
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Eating Patterns, Dietary Diversity and the Nutritional Status of Children Residing in Orphanages in Southwestern Nigeria

The population of orphaned children is increasing at devastating levels especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Prevalence of Anemia among Children Aged 6 Months - 12 Years Attending Emergency Room in Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital for Children, North of Jordan

The purpose of this study was to use the computerized database of princess Rahma teaching hospital for children to analyze the prevalence of anemia among children aged 6 months - 12 years attending the emergency room of the hospital.
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Availability and Knowledge of Iodized Salt at Household Level and Associated Factors at Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia

IDDs are among the major public health problems of the world. Nearly two billion individuals worldwide and about 350 million Africans are at risk of iodine deficiency and face many risks from its deficiency and complications. Poor knowledge related to iodine diet and iodized salt utilization were some of the factors. Poor Educational status, Occupation and Sources of Information were frequently cited factors related to Knowledge on iodized salt consumption. Iodized salt is an effective and cheap method to prevent and control iodine deficiency in the community.
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Nutritional Status of Under-5 Children of Forcibly Migrated People Living in Ukhia, Cox Bazar, Bangladesh

In today’s print and electronic media, terms like ‘forced migration’ and ‘refugee’ are some of the most frequently used words. Globally there have been an outrageously large number of forced migrations, rendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless and stateless. Starting with the Syrian war in 2011 to the latest round of military atrocity in Myanmar in August 2017, millions of people have sought refuge in neighboring countries. The Rohingya is a group of refugees from Myanmar who have been residing in Bangladesh since the 1970s. At present, there is no published information on health and nutritional status of refugee children in Bangladesh. This study was conducted to assess nutritional status of the Rohingya children aged 6 months to 5 years old (n=114). Children were measured for weight and height while their guardians were interviewed. About 86% of the Rohingya children were underweight, 64.9% stunted, 82.1% thin and 1.8% at risk of overweight. Severe acute malnutrition (MUAC<11.5 cm) children was 68.5%. As refugees have limited access to health care services, they are at greater risk of health and nutritional problems. This study sheds light on the refugee under-5 children situation through a nutrition lens.
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Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2): A Cross-Cultural Comparison for Surinamese Children at 5 Years of Age

The Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) is used globally to identify and describe impairments in motor development in children; however, norms for Surinamese children are lacking. We thus conducted a cross-cultural comparison for Surinamese children 5 years–5 years and 6 months using the Dutch/Flemish (NL) and United Kingdom (UK) norms of the MABC, second edition (MABC-2).
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Women Empowerment and the Nutrition Status of Children Aged Between 6-59 Months

Malnutrition remains a concern in the central province, despite being the most productive province in terms of Agriculture. Most studies in the province have not paid attention to the importance of women empowerment and the nutrition outcomes of the population. In light of this knowledge gap, this study focused on the Women’s empowerment and the nutrition status of children aged 6-59 months.
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Women Empowerment and the Nutrition Status of Children Aged Between 6-59 Months

Malnutrition remains a concern in the central province, despite being the most productive province in terms of Agriculture. Most studies in the province have not paid attention to the importance of women empowerment and the nutrition outcomes of the population. In light of this knowledge gap, this study focused on the Women’s empowerment and the nutrition status of children aged 6-59 months.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Children

FELIX WONG

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of New South Wales
Australia

JAMES G. CAIN

Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
United States

JOANNE BAERG

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatric Surgery
Loma Lindal University Children's Hospital
United States

Peter L. Bordi

Associate Professor
School of Hospitality Management
Pennsylvania State University
United States

Hongbin Fang

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics & Biomathematics
Georgetown University
United States

Massimo Dominici

Assistant Professor
Head Laboratory of Cell Biology and Advanced Cancer Therapies
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children & Adults
University Hospital of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Italy

PRABHAKARAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
National University of Singapore
Singapore

VANA SPOULOU

Associate Professor
Department of Paediatrics
University of Athens Medical School
Greece

Yan Guo

Assistant Professor
Center for Quantitative Sciences
Vanderbilt University
United States

Theresa Loomis

Director
M.S.Nutrition and Dietetics Program
State University of New York
USA
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