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Articles Related to Cohort

Hierarchical Analysis of The Factors Associated with the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Cohort of Universities of Minas Gerais, Brazil (Cume Project)

The objective of this study was to assess which factors, at hierarchical levels, are associated with adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) in undergraduate and graduate students. This is a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline of the Cohort of Universities of Minas Gerais (CUME Project), with alumni from Universities of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in the years 2016 and 2018. The outcome variable was adequate consumption of FV (≥400 g/day). The exposure variables were divided into: block 1, socioeconomic (marital status, education, professional status, individual and family income); block 2, behavioral (physical activity, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, and consumption of legumes, natural juices, ultra-processed foods, soft drinks and industrialized juices, and fast foods); block 3, individual (gender, age, skin color, self-perception of health and presence of obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and depression). To verify the associations, hierarchical multiple logistic regression was used. The sample consisted of 4,124 individuals with a median age of 34 years and Interquartile Range (IQ) of 12 years, 68.1% women, with a high frequency (62.2%) of adequate consumption of FV. This adequate consumption of FV was associated with being a woman (OR=1.41; 95%CI 1.21-1.64; p<0.001), advancing in age and being physically active (OR=2.10; 95%CI 1.78-2.47; p<0.001), having regular consumption of natural fruit juice (OR=2.00; 95%CI 1.70-2.34, p<0.001), or consumption of ultra-processed foods (OR=0.96; 95%CI 0.95-0.97; p<0.001). In conclusion, individual and behavioral factors are associated with adequate consumption of FV in highly educated individuals.
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Influence of Breastfeeding Promotion Package on Breastfeeding Practices among Women- A Cohort Study

Exclusive breastfeeding is essential for the first 6 months of life. In Pakistan, the proportion of children under age 6 months who are exclusively breastfed is only 38 percent making it urgent to explore interventions to address the low rates.
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Sequence Variant in the TRIM39-RPP21 Gene Readthrough is Shared Across a Cohort of Arabian Foals Diagnosed with Juvenile Idiopathic Epilepsy

Juvenile idiopathic epilepsy (JIE) is a self-limiting neurological disorder with a suspected genetic predisposition affecting young Arabian foals of the Egyptian lineage. The condition is characterized by tonic-clonic seizures with intermittent post-ictal blindness, in which most incidents are sporadic and unrecognized. This study aimed to identify genetic components shared across a local cohort of Arabian foals diagnosed with JIE via a combined whole genome and targeted resequencing approach: Initial whole genome comparisons between a small cohort of nine diagnosed foals (cases) and 27 controls from other horse breeds identified variants uniquely shared amongst the case cohort.
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An Observational Study on the Clinical Efficacy of Neramexane in Subjective Tinnitus in a Phase 2 Clinical Trial in a Hispanic Cohort in Laredo, Texas

An observational study was conducted on the efficacy of Neramexane in a small cohort of Hispanic subjects who were diagnosed with moderate to severe subjective tinnitus. Patients were screened using the inclusion and exclusion criteria as outlined by the study sponsor. The study protocol involved daily intake of Neramexane 50 mg/day (for weigh<90 kg) or 75 mg/day (weight>90 kg) for 29 weeks with primary efficacy assessed through audiogram study and 3 electronic self-reporting questionnaires: Tinnitus Handicap Inventory-12 (TBF/THI-12) Scale, Tinnitus Rating Scale (TRS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
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Parental Midlife Body Shape Influences Offspring Self-Perception of Weight in a Cohort of Australian Adults

Self-perception and measures of body weight and central adiposity are key indicators of a population’s attitude and level of concern regarding obesity. Parental weight has been shown to be a strong determinant of adult offspring weight. This study initially investigates the association between self-perception, and measured body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), and characterised this association by perception type (pessimist, optimist and realist).
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Age Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index: Predictor of 90-Day Mortality after Radical Cystectomy

To evaluate the impact of age adjusted Charlson’s comorbidity index (ACCI) in predicting 90-day mortality in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC) in a low volume center.
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Early Postnatal Stunting Increases Risk of Hypertension among Young Rural Adults from India- Pune Rural Cohort

As stunting in early postnatal life is prudent in developing countries, investigating its long term effect on adult blood pressure is necessary.
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Sacrococcygeal Teratoma in a Developing Community

An epidemiologic data pool was formed from cases of SCT submitted as surgical specimens to a Reference Pathology Laboratory serving the Igbo Ethnic Group in South-Eastern Nigeria.
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Nutrition Research and Human Disease: A Critical Appraisal of Mechanistic Research, Cohort Studies, and Randomized Trials

A major part of nutrition research consists of the investigation of how food components affect the biochemical and physiologicalprocesses within the body. The rationale is that this mechanistic research will lead to a fuller understanding of disease etiology thereby generating information of practical value for the treatment and prevention of disease.
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Descriptive Study of Exposure to Inhalation Zanamivir and Pregnancy-Related Outcomes

The Health Improvement Network (THIN) provided data from UK General Practitioners (GPs) for 144 pregnant women who were prescribed zanamivir and 144 age- and date-matched untreated comparators with no recorded diagnosis of influenza. Groups were assessed for baseline characteristics, treatment-emergent diagnoses in the mother, pregnancy outcomes and congenital malformations diagnosed in the offspring within 28 days of birth.
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Acculturation and Subclinical Atherosclerosis among U.S. South Asians: Findings from the MASALA study

Longer duration of residence among immigrants to the United States, a proxy measure of acculturation, has been associated with higher subclinical atherosclerosis. South Asian immigrants are the second fastest growing immigrant group in the U.S. but little is known about the effects of acculturation with atherosclerosis in this high cardiovascular risk population.
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Esophageal Cancer and Bisphosphonates

At the beginning of 2009, Dianne Wysowski of the US Food and Drug Administration summarized 23 reports of esophageal1 cancer following alendronate use. Wysowski also noted that there had been 31 cases following alendronate use in Europe and Japan and ten cases in which other bisphosphonates had been reported as concomitant or suspect treatment.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Cohort

Douglas Wilson

Professor
School Medicine Pharmacy and Health
Durham University
UK

RAJNISH S. DAVE

Associate Scientist
Department of Neuroscience
Temple University
United States
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