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Articles Related to Diagnosis

Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diagnosis of Obesity in the Military Health System Active Duty Population

The overall rate of obesity is rising in the United States; this is also reflected in the military population. It is important that providers appropriately diagnose obesity and discuss treatment options with their patients.
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Latent Fingerprint on Human Skin: A Silent Diagnosis

Fingerprints are one of the most valuable evidence due to their uniqueness.
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A MRI Diagnosis of Congenital Urogenital Anomalies in 27 Years Old Man

Congenital anorchia is an uncommon clinical condition. Etiology and pathogenetic mechanisms are often unknown. Although some patients with anorchia present with ambiguous external genitalia or micropenis, most have a normal phenotype. XY Disorders of Sex Development classifications are numerous and success rate in establishing a precise diagnosis is far lower than in XX karyotype.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the External Auditory Canal: Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal may masquerade as an infective process causing late diagnosis. A delay in treatment as a result of missed diagnosis would carry a poor prognosis as the disease progresses to an advanced stage. We present a case of a man with history of chronic otorrhea, who developed left sided otalgia associated with hearing loss. otoscopic examination shows a mass in her left ear and pus discharge which was initially treated as an infection. The biopsy of the mass was proven to be squamous cell carcinoma. High index of suspicion is necessary when encountering patients presenting with a mass in the ear canal with prior history of chronic otorrhea or cholesteatoma. Proper tissue biopsy is crucial. Early diagnosis is required for better prognosis for the patient.
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Importance of Complete Clinical History in the Management of Parakeratinized Odontogenic Keratocyst: Case Report

The Odontogenic Keratocyst considered potentially aggressive and of high recurrence located between 30 and 60%, with clinical and radiographic characteristics not clearly defined. It occurs at any stage of life. The 70 to 80% of the cases are located in the jaw, commonly in the area of the lower third molar and mandibular angle from where they progress towards the branch and the body. The lesions are long latent, often asymptomatic and can reach remarkable dimensions without significant deformation of the jaw bones. They are often found during the routine radiographic examination.
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Castleman’s Disease: a Diagnosis to Eliminate in Cases of Cervical Lymphadenopathy

Castleman’s disease is due to a lymphoproliferative disorder by the polyclonal proliferation of B cells inside lymphoid organ.Two types exist: the localized form which is usually benign and multicentric form which is more severe. The main risk is the development of lymphoma. Our aim is to report a case of a 18 years old man patient. Her medical history was unremarkable. She presented with a localized form on the right side of neck lymph node. After the ablation of the nodes,none relapse was noticed.
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Adrenal Incidentalomas - From Diagnosis to Follow-Up: Endocrine and Imaging Features at Diagnosis and Over Time

Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) are frequent and although most of them are asymptomatic and benign, some do need treatment. The AIs follow-up has to be as sharp as to avoid missing pathology and to avoid harm and anxiety induced by the follow-up itself. It is, thus, a delicate medical condition for endocrinologists worldwide.
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Pulmonary Nocardiosis: A Rare Diagnosis in an Intensive Care Unit

Nocardiosis is an acute, subacute, or chronic bacterial infection that is typically acquired through inhalation and usually presents with pulmonary, central nervous system, and cutaneous manifestations. In critically ill patients, Nocardiosis has an unusually high morbidity and mortality.
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Liquid-Based Cytology Compared to Conventional Cytology for Diagnosis of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Single-Center Experience

Cervical carcinoma is the fourth most common gynecologic cancer. Screening assays that include the conventional cytology (CC) have a sensitivity and specificity far from optimal; however, liquid-based cytology (LBC) may overcome some limitations. The objective is to compare the screening accuracy of LBC and CC in individuals suspected of having precancerous lesions. A prospective, single center study, recruited individuals from a tertiary-level center. In all participants, CC and LBC were performed. Clinical, cytologic and histopathologic results were collected. Bethesda System was used and agreement of two of three cytopathologists was necessary to assign a positive or negative result. Cervical biopsy was performed in participants with abnormal findings.
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New Insight for Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis

Mean platelet volume MPV that is included in CBC, will be larger with platelet destruction problems as in Neonatal sepsis NS or when the body is producing increased numbers of platelets. Also, NS is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species that will lead to consumption of specific antioxidant molecules like uric acid. The aim of the work: to determine the role of MPV and uric acid levels in the early diagnosis of NS.
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Dawn of the Biofilm Disease: Highlights about Biofilm in Bone and Joint & Prosthetic Joint Infections Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

I present some key considerations of the biofilm disease as part of two complex pathologies such as bone and joint infections and prosthetic joint infections, taking into account the bacterial pathogenic factors to understand the particular nature of these infections, and to achieve an accurate diagnosis and management beyond the antimicrobial therapy. I mention some personal experience of many years in the medical microbiology laboratory and next to the patient’s bed.
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Cell Culture, Cytopathic Effect and Immunofluorescence Diagnosis of Viral Infection

Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that require living cells in order to replicate. Cell culture for propagation and identification of viruses is an important component of the clinical virology laboratory. In general, diagnostic tests can be grouped into three categories: direct detection, virus isolation and serology. Direct examination methods can usually give a result either within the same or the next day. Immunofluorescence is widely used for the rapid diagnosis of virus infections by detection of virus antigen in clinical specimens and detection of virus-specific antibodies.
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Usefulness of a Pressure Wire for the Diagnosis of Vasospastic Angina during a Spasm Provocation Test

Spasm provocation tests (SPTs) using a pressure wire and compared the results with those from patients who underwent the same test without a pressure wire.
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Detection of Anti-Trypanosoma Cruzi Antibodies among Donors at A Blood Bank from Southern Mexico, Using an Iron Superoxide Dismutase Excreted (Fe-Sode) as Antigen

Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent of Chagas disease in humans, is a widely spread protozoan in Latin America. Chronically infected people are asymptomatic during an indeterminate stage but can represent a significant risk of transmission due to blood donations and organ transplants. Blood transfusion is recognized as the second most important path for transmitting of Chagas disease
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Editorial Board Members Related to Diagnosis

Fuu –Jen Tsai

Professor
Department of Medical Genetics
School of Chinese Medicine
China

Dimitrios Kanakis

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Nicosia Medical School
Cyprus

GEORGE E. WOODY

Professor
Department of Psychiatry
University of Pennsylvania and Treatment Research Institute
United States

Nallasivam Palanisamy

Associate Professor
Michigan Center for Translational Pathology
University of Michigan
United States

ALBA A. TRESPALACIOS

Professor
Department of Microbiology
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Colombia

Martin A. Katzman

Clinic Director and Staff Psychiatrist
START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders
Canada

Lin Feng

Associate Professor
Bioinformatics Research Centre
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Mohamed Abdo Rizk

Professor
Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases
Mansoura University
Egypt

WILLIAM FRAZER MORRIS

Professor
School of Osteopathic Medicine
Campbell University
United States

Zhonghua Sun

Associate Professor
Department of Imaging and Applied Physics
Curtin University
Australia
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