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Articles Related to Dietary

Obesity and its Correlates among Junior High School Children in the Accra Metropolis

The prevalence of obesity is on the increase worldwide due to changes in diet and physical activity patterns. Childhood obesity is now a major public health challenge in advanced economies. Obesity in childhood tends to persist into adulthood and to predispose to non-communicable diseases. There is little data on childhood obesity and its correlates and determinants in sub-Saharan Africa. A cross-sectional study was carried out using simple random sampling technique to select 260 junior high school children aged 11-15 years from six basic schools (n=768) from three different socioeconomic (low, middle, high) areas of Accra, the capital city of Ghana.
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Gut Microbiomes of Pigs Grown in Organic and Conventional Dietary Regimens

In animal production, antibiotics are used at sub-therapeutic and therapeutic levels for growth promotion and disease prevention. Using antibiotics can result in selecting for drug resistant microorganisms that may spread to humans through consumption of contaminated food. Lately, an increased interest in organic farming, where animals are grown without antibiotics, has been popular amongst the consumers. It is believed that organic farming will reduce antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms. However, the animals grown organically may be prone to diseases, and other microorganisms may thrive in the gut, that may be potentially harmful to humans. We analyzed the DNA of fecal samples of pigs grown under conventional and organic dietary regimens and detected the presence of genes that causes antibiotic resistance.
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Current Dietary Lipids Recommendations: Pros and Cons

The rise of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD), mainly cardiovascular disease, obesity and cancer, has been assumed to be a consequence of the increase intake of fatty foods, especially saturated fats and cholesterol.
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Dietary Diversity Score: A Measure of Nutritional Adequacy or an Indicator of Healthy Diet?

At the time when the lack of indicators seemed to constrain appropriate child feeding in developing countries, dietary diversity score (DDS) emerged as a measure of nutritional adequacy that could close the gap. DDS refers to the number of food groups consumed in a given time, often in 24 hrs.
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Ethnic Variation in Plate Waste at Congregate Meal Sites

To determine how plate waste varies among African American, Jewish, and Hispanic congregate meal participants, the visual plate waste method was applied to a convenience sample of 343 trays among seven South Florida congregate meal sites.
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Serum Zinc, Iron and Urinary Iodine Levels and their Relationship to Other Indices of Malnutrition among Lactating Mothers in Two Agro-Ecological Zones of Rural Ethiopia

There are limited studies on the magnitude and severity of zinc, iron and iodine deficiency, in addition to inadequate serum ferritin levels and anaemia, among lactating mothers across different agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia.
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Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Patterns are related to Lipid Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The effects of a single food or nutrient on disease may be insufficient and poor, but the cumulative effect is detectable. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and lipid parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.
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Development and Validation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire (KAP-HLQ) for Malaysian Adolescents

To develop and determine validity and reliability of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Healthy Lifestyle Questionnaire (KAP-HLQ) among lower secondary adolescents.
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The Preschool Child, Food Photography And A Parent’s Bed: A Feasibility Study To Determine Acceptable Visual Data Collection Methods

In the UK, one in four children are starting school overweight. It has been proposed that early childhood provides a uniqueopportunity within which to establish lifestyle behaviours that will promote health and minimise the risk of development of fatness.
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Are Nutrition Professionals Involved in Nutrition Education? A Cross Sectional Study in Italy

Nutrition education interventions reduce morbidity and mortality, costs of care and play an important role in maintaining health and quality of life. The survey was conducted to assess Italian nutrition professionals’ involvement in nutrition education programs.
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The Effects of the Special K Challenge on Body Composition and Biomarkers of Metabolic Health in Healthy Adults

The Special K Challenge is a short term (14 day) partial meal replacement diet designed to reduce body mass and motivate long term reduction in body mass.
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Effects of Carbohydrates Supplementation and Physical Exercise

Carbohydrates are the most abundant biomolecules on Earth. They are important for muscle contraction during prolonged exercise performing at moderate intensity and short duration exercise performed at high-intensity
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Breastfeeding Intentions and Practice among Vegetarians in the United States - A Pilot Study

Vegetarianism is a rapidly growing practice in the United States that is remarkably understudied. Currently, no study hasassessed the infant feeding behaviors among vegetarians or the sub-types to determine their breastfeeding patterns.
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Dietary Omega-3 Intakes in Southern African American and Southern Caucasian Women

Given the greater incidence and severity of obesity in Southern African American (SAAW) than Southern Caucasian women (SCW), it is important to determine factors contributing to this metabolic, racial disparity. Traditional Southern foods contribute to dietary patterns high in fat.
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Studies on the Nutritional Status of School Age Children in Drought Affected Desert Environment of Western Rajasthan, India

Three stage sampling technique adopted covering 1497 school age children from 24 villages of Jodhpur district and examined at household level for their nutritional anthropometry, dietary and nutritional deficiencies. Growth retardation was observed. Wasting was in 22.4 percent children significantly higher in boys. Stunting and underweight was 36.6 and 43.9 percent (Less than Median–2SD).
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Editorial Board Members Related to Dietary

ADELIA C BOVELL-BENJAMIN

Professor
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Tuskegee University
United States

Yao Olive Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Nutrition & Food Science
California State Polytechnic University
United States

UDAI P. SINGH

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
University of South Carolina
United States

Sohail Mushtaq

Senior Lecturer
Department of Clinical Sciences
University of Chester
United Kingdom

Laurel M Wentz

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition Science
East Carolina University
United States

Sanja Ilic

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Nutrition
The Ohio State University
United States

Jamie I. Baum

Assistant Professor
Department of Food Science
University of Arkansas
United States

Sheila Barrett

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Northern Illinois University
United States

Alireza Jahan-mihan

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
University of North Florida
United States

OMAR A. OBEID

Professor of Human Nutrition
Department of Nutrition and Food Science
American University of Beirut
Lebanon
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