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Articles Related to ESI

Mental Health and Psychological Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic sweeps across the world, it is causing widespread concern, fear and stress, all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and uncertain situation that everyone finds themselves in. “The issue facing each and every one of us is how we manage and react to the stressful situation unfolding so rapidly in our lives and communities. Here we can draw on the remarkable powers of strength and cooperation that we also fortunately possess as humans. And that is what we must try to focus on to respond most effectively to this crisis as individuals, family and community members, friends and colleagues,” said Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
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Anthropometric Measures of Obesity to Predict Mortality using Edmonton’s Obesity Staging System, among Young Sudanese Females at Khartoum Locality, Sudan

Obesity is considered a serious health hazard. It predisposes the individual to many disorders, such as diabetes and heart disease, it shortens the life span, and it complicates childbirth and surgery. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted in health centers at Khartoum locality during November 2018- January 2019; aimed to predict mortality among a young female Sudanese population enrolled in health centers.
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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity among Adults in the Selected Towns of Western Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study

The risk of overweight and/ or obesity is one of the increasing conditions worldwide touching both the developed and developing countries. It is becoming much devastating specially in town population. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the associated risk factors among adults residing in the selected towns of western part of Ethiopia.
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Comparative Effect of a High Fat with or without High Levels of Sucrose Diets on Peripheral Neuropathy in C57BL/6J Mice

Feeding mice a diet containing high fat and high sucrose has been promoted as a good model for type 2 diabetes. This study sought to determine the effect of feeding mice a high fat and high sucrose diet on neuropathy compared to mice fed only a high fat diet and mice fed a high diet and treated with streptozotocin.
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Plasma Exchange for Neuroborreliosis Associated with Guillain Barre Syndrome

Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a rare infectious disorder of the nervous system caused by Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes. Different neurological conditions were reported in the disease.
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Nutrition State and Fertilization of Fusarium Wilt Resistant Banana (Zhongjiao No. 9)

To apply fertilizer rationally during promotion of Zhongjiao No.9 being a fusarium wilt resistant new variety, dry matter (DM) and NPK in four organs of the banana were tested. Average fresh and dry weight (FW and DW) of No.9 were 145.35±6.42 and 18.18± 0.70 kg plant-1.
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Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in Healthy Obese Adults

It was a cross-sectional study including 434 apparently healthy subjects (194 males) divided into two groups: i) obese (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m²) and ii) non-obese (BMI < 30 Kg/m²). Exclusion criteria were: current smokers, asthma, medicine intake interfering with FeNO levels, and abnormal lung function tests. The FeNO measurements were performed before spirometry. Student t test was performed to compare between the two groups. The Spearman correlation between BMI and FeNO levels was evaluated. The Piecewise linear regression with breakpoint was assessed to define the breakpoint of inflammation related to obesity.
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To Evaluate the Efficacy of Ultrasound Guided Distraction Osteogenesis by Evaluating Qualitative Estimation of Bone Fill at Regeneration site and Management of Severe Mandibular Hypoplasia Secondary to Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: A Case Report

Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is an established method for correction of developmental anomaly of the facial skeleton. The early beginning of urgent surgical corrections are allowed in smaller age as even small children suffering from bilateral severe mandibular deficiency who are often associated with breathing and swallowing disorder caused by glossoptosis.
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Does Obesity Increase the Risk of Brain Damage following COVID-19 Infection?

Neurological impairments associated with Covid-19 have been the subject of numerous investigations since the end of 2019, when the SARS-CoV-2 virus appeared and showed a staggering rise worldwide. Neuroimaging in patients infected with Covid-19 revealed the apparition of severe brain pathologies, such as acute perfusion deficits and white matter abnormalities, meningeal enhancement, basal ganglia lesions, intracranial hemorrhage, encephalitis, cerebral venous thrombosis, encephalopathy, and stroke [1,2].
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How Nurse Education Impacts Her Career?

A great proportion of healthcare services need high-quality medication and nursery. For high-quality nursery needs best nurses and their education. Gradually, different types of nursery education systems can impact their life and career. In the future, more parameters can be used for judging the quality and promotion of nurses. This editorial addresses different educational efforts for their progresses in medical knowledge promotion, technical capability improvement and salary promotion.
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Catheter Based Renal Sympathetic Denervation by Segmental Endoluminal Laser Radiation in a Pig Model: Anatomical and Histopathological Results

For renal sympathetic laser denervation (RSLD) we have tested endoluminal, segmental, laser catheter radiation of renal arteries by using continuous wave 1064nm Nd:YAG laser light. A total of 74 laser impacts at 15 to 20W/15-80 s (4.5 to 30 J/mm²) were applied in the left (n=34) and the right (n=40) renal artery in 6 anesthetized healthy pigs by using the open irrigated laser catheter RytmoLas® (CE 0481), introduced via the femoral artery and manipulated under X-ray control towards the renal arteries by means of a steerable AGILIS sheath.
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Ketogenic Diet Versus a Standard Low-Calorie Diet to Treat Mildly Obese Patients in an Outpatient Clinic: An Observational Retrospective Study

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet (VLCKD) compared to a LowCalorie Diet (LCD) in the treatment of mildly obese patients. We aimed to highlight the difference in weight loss, compliance, physical activity levels and drop-out rates between the VLCKD group and the standard LCD one.
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Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds and Vagal Tone are Different in Patients with Overweight or with Obesity: Practical Consequencies

Urinary Volatile Organic Compounds have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and overweight and may correlate with Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (E-VOCs).
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Influence of Breastfeeding Promotion Package on Breastfeeding Practices among Women- A Cohort Study

Exclusive breastfeeding is essential for the first 6 months of life. In Pakistan, the proportion of children under age 6 months who are exclusively breastfed is only 38 percent making it urgent to explore interventions to address the low rates.
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Pesticide Residues in Market Garden Crops in Peri-Urban Areas of Daloa (Cote d´Ivoire)

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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ESI

JOE DEUTSCH

Associate Professor
Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

VILMA E. ORTIZ

Associate Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
United States

Jing-Huei Lee

Professor
Department of Biomedical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineering
University of Cincinnati
United States

MICHAEL L. GALLOWAY

Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Boonshoft School of Medicine
Wright State University
United States

Weibin Shi

Associate Professor
Radiology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics
University of Virginia
United States

Jianfei Qi

Assistant Professor
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States

Wei Liu

Assistant Professor
Director of Rehabilitation Biomechanics Lab
Auburn University
United States

Parameswaran Ramakrishnan

Assistant Professor
Experimental Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Igor Klepikov

Emeritus Associate Professor
Residency in pediatric surgery
Russia

Sameh S.M. Soliman

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicinal Chemistry
University of Sharjah
UAE
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