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Articles Related to GA

Some Significant Developments in Bandage Fabrics

The article provides some useful insights on bandage cloths as pointed out by some significant researches. Some work has been focused on medical bandages. In the construction of bandages, cotton, bamboo and cotton/bamboo have been selected. In order to enhance the functional properties finish has been given that include antimicrobial using triclosan, vitamin E and aloe vera. The woven bandages have been tested for antimicrobial activity, comfort and aesthetic property.
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Access to and Utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Secondary School Students in Mityana district, Uganda

The study of the access to and utilisation of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) services among secondary school adolescents in, Mityana district was carried out in various schools in Ssekanyonyi sub-county. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of the ASRH burden, assess the utilisation of ASRH services in these schools and identify drivers/barriers to the utilisation of ASRH services among adolescents in secondary schools in Mityana district.
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Accidentally Discovered Pure Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Gall Bladder: A Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is rarely reported, comprises less than 1% of all gall bladder cancer and portends a worse prognosis than the more common adenocarcinoma. We report a 80-year-old female who presented with acute onset epigastric pain. She was operated on based on a presumptive diagnosis of acute on top of chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis according to clinical and ultrasonographic findings. Histopathological examination of the thickened wall of the gallbladder revealed well to moderately differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma invading full wall thickness and infiltrating the liver. Further examinations revealed no other primary site for the tumour. Gallbladder cancer should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in elderly patients presenting with cholecystitis.
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Veterinary Considerations for the Theoretical Resurrection of Extinct Species

The de-extinction of the dinosaur is a dubious possibility but its consideration brings forth some issues that are at least worthy of scientific discussion. In this review, we discuss two distinct issues that have implications for a de-extinct species such as a dinosaur: the ability, or lack thereof, to safely sedate a rare and potentially fractious animal capable of harming the veterinary staff tasked with its care; and, disease risks associated with a species that has been extinct for millions of years. To identify potential sedatives, comparative pharmacology will be needed to uncover the links between receptor pharmacology and the desired clinical outcomes of activating established alpha-2 adrenergic, opioid, and benzodiazepine receptors. Specific to disease control, it will be necessary to understand the unique susceptibility of the new species to current diseases as well as predicting their reservoir capacity for potential human and veterinary pandemic diseases. While the topics presented herein are not exhaustive, this review highlights some of the foremost research that should be conducted in order to serve the unique veterinary needs of a de-extinct species using the dinosaur as a paradigm. Addressing these issues should be considered if an intact dinosaur genome becomes available, regardless of the feasibility of dinosaur resurrection.
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A Systematic Review Caenorhabditis Elegans (C. Elegans) - A Host Model Organism to Study Drug-Induced Responses to the Effects of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs

Although there are many researches on drug of abuse behavior using C. elegans as model organism, the precise targets and mechanism shared by C. elegans accompanied with behavioral responses to substance misuse is still scarce. This alternative model for rodents and other animal organism has been used to investigate genetic mechanism and specific genes coding drug-induced behavioral response. However, there is very few papers reported to summarize and analyze findings from original researches to identify target/genes underpinning responses to drug addiction.
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Induce Hyperlipidemia in Rats Using High Fat Diet Investigating Blood Lipid and Histopathology

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of induced hyperlipidemia in SD rats fed with high fat diet (HFD) for 7 weeks on blood lipid profile and possible pathological changes in liver, stomach, intestine, heart, spleen, lung and kidney. There were significant differences in most rats which induced hyperlipidemia throughout the experimental period with the blood lipid levels and histopathology.
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Role of MRI in the Clinical Exigesis of Asymptomatic Medial Collateral Ligament Injurie

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury of the elbow was often observed in asymptomatic adolescent basketball players. We aimed to clarify the clinical interpretation of “asymptomatic MCL injury observed on MRI” by comparing MRI, ultrasonography (US), and physical findings.
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Analysis Regarding Tracking Phenomenon to Adult Obesity

The body transition in becoming adults of obese and lean types has not been clearly demonstrated. In this study we first investigated the changes in mean BMI with age by applying the wavelet interpolation method to the changes with age in girls’ BMI. Then, by detecting the maximum peak velocity in the age-related changes in that BMI (MPV of BMI), we confirmed that BMI, similar to height and weight, follows a general type growth pattern tracing a sigmoid curve in which the peak appears in puberty.
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Effect of Sodium Chloride on Geotechnical Properties of Black Cotton Soil

Rapid industrialization in the various fields of urbanization has resulted in massive pollution of environment. Pollution occurring in soil and ground water table is alarmingly increasing day by day. Thus, a sincere attention is required, to control the effect of pollutants on the soil and water table.
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Efficacy of Purified Glutathione -S- Transferee in Providing Protection against Haemonchus Contortus Infection in Sheep

The efficacy of purified glutathione-s-transferase (GST) to protect sheep against haemonchosis was assessed. Fifteen lambs, 3.5-5month-old, were bisected into five groups (n=3). Two groups were vaccinated with 250μg of each prepared antigen (crude adult antigen (CAA), purified GST) in combination with mineral oil adjuvant at zero, 14th days of the experiment. The other three groups were kept as control groups; non-immunized infected, non-immunized non-infected and adjuvant control. One week after the last booster dose, the lambs in all groups except control negative were challenged with 400 L3/kg live weight orally. Protein characterization of each antigen was done by SDS-PAGE and immunoblting. The vaccine efficacy was estimated by the fecal egg count, where the vaccinated groups showed 58.90% and 79.38% reduction in eggs in CAA and GST respectively. Moreover, 31.45% and 92.10% reduction in abomasal worm count was reported in CAA and GST vaccinated lambs, respectively. The protection was found corresponsive to the sera antibody levels in the immunized groups. It was concluded that the GST had protective efficacy against H. contortus infection in lambs.
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Potential of Producing Hydrogen Gas from Straw by Anaerobic Thermal Shocked Biological Sludge to Create Clean Energy

Hydrogen gas has been used widely in the industrial aspect, especially as clean energy. On one hand, it reduces the dependency on fossil fuels; on the other hand, it solves the environmental polluting issue and also reduces the greenhouse gases emitted to the environment. Producing hydrogen by chemical and physical methods require higher fee and investment. Producing hydrogen from renewable biomass, especially agricultural waste such as straws, can produce with low cost and decrease the amount of agricultural waste and pollutions. This article introduces the result of the beginning research to produce hydrogen gas from straw using biotechnology.
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The Role of Nursing in Scientific Investigation in Africa: A Retrospective Analysis

We think that there is a generalized opinion that nursing professionals have to possess a strong vocation for their profession, which can be compared with the priesthood. In Europe, during the Middle Ages, they were supported by the Catholic Church. It is believed that the first recorded aspects of nursing place the inception of the profession during the height of the Roman Empire, around 300 A.D. It was during this time that the Empire sought to place a hospital within every town under its rule.
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Protective Ability of Vitamin E Against Acetylsalicylic Acid-Induced Glutathione Depletion, Acetylcholinesterase and (Na+ ,K+ )-ATPase Activities, and Erythrocyte Osmotic Fragility

Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), a well-recognized non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is well known for the treatment of fever, pain alleviation and inflammatory conditions, especially for the prevention of cardiovascular complications and disorders. However, ASA has been reported to cause hepato- and gastro-toxicities.
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National Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS-Global Adult Tobacco Survey), Senegal 2015

Introduction: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is a global standard for the systematic monitoring of (smoking and smokeless) tobacco use among adults and for the monitoring of key tobacco control indicators. Senegal carried out a national survey on adult smoking for the first time in 2015.
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Investigating Heterogeneity in Mortality of Male Pensioners

In this paper, the objective was to study differential factors that explains the mortality rates of male pensioners, comparing the survival patterns of early and normal retirees through a non-parametric approach and a Cox-Proportional Hazard model.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to GA

Yan Zhou

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Guangxi Medical University
China

Chunying Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Wayne State University School of Medicine
United States

FAZAL KHAWAJA

Chief of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Director of GI Endoscopy Unit
Dr. Hamid S. Al-Ahmady Hospital
Saudi Arabia

Xueqin Gao

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Texas Health Science Center
USA

Pranav Mathur

Associate Scientist
Otonomy Inc.
USA

Lotfi A. Zadeh

Professor Emeritus
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
University of California
United States

EUGENE A. CIOFFI

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
College of Medicine
University of South Alabama
United States

PUNAM OHRI-VACHASPATI

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Nabil Zouari

Professor
Department of Environmental Microbiology
Qatar University
Qatar

Binquan Huang

Research Innovation Fellow of BBSRC
UK.
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