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Articles Related to GA

Comparison of Hemodialysis Patients and Healthy Individuals Attitudes towards Organ Donation: A Descriptive Study

The research is comparative descriptive type. The sample of the study consisted of a total of 167 people, including 82 hemodialysis patients and 85 healthy individuals who applied to the Family Health Center. The data of the study were obtained using the questionnaire and organ donation attitude scale. SPSS 25 was used in the analysis of the data.
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Study of the Factors Associated with the Treatment of Drinking Water in SemiUrban Areas of Dakar in Senegal

Home water treatment is considered an effective intervention in reducing the burden of waterborne diseases in developing countries. This study aims to study the factors associated with the appropriate treatment of water in the semi-urban area of Dakar in Senegal.
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Insights into the Potential of Green Algal Polysaccharides Potential to Combat Uropathogenic Proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus Biofilms

Biofilms are complex sessile microbial community extremely resistant to antibiotics. They typically form on both biotic and abiotic surfaces and are usually associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity in patients in hospital settings. Nosocomial infections are the major cause of infections seen worldwide. Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) represent the most common type of nosocomial infection that affect different parts of the urinary tract in both males and females.
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Transversal Pertussis Sero-Epidemiological Study in Fully Vaccinated Children and Adolescents in Antananarivo, Madagascar, and in Dapaong, Togo

African region is thought to contribute to >50% of deadly cases of pertussis worldwide, however surveillance and available data on Bordetella pertussis circulation are limited. Currently, pertussis vaccination schedule in most African countries is restricted to a primary immunization consisting of three doses during the first year of life using whole pertussis vaccines for which effectiveness is not known.
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Impact of Electronic Cigarettes on the Liver

E-cigarettes (ECs) can affect several organs in the body. On the liver, it causes toxic and immunological effects associated with many inflammatory processes and oxidative stress. E-cigarettes may cause hepatic fibrosis, steatosis, cell dysfunction, injury with the elevation of liver enzymes, and cancer. On the other hand, it also causes hepatic DNA damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. Nicotine affects both cellular and humoral immune responses.
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Clinical Outcome of Different Surgical Techniques for Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Cervical Spine: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Herein, we aimed to compare the neurologic improvement, postoperative complications, and changes of Cobb’s angle between four main surgical approaches, including anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF), laminoplasty (LAMP), laminectomy (LC), and anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF), to treat cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).
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Pilonidal Sinus, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Negative Pressure dressing will be Appropriate

Chronic pilonidal sinus disease, an acquired benign affliction too many across the globe but in the very few follows through to malignant transformation. We report an unusual case of a large squamous cell carcinoma arising from a chronic pilonidal sinus, its successful surgical excision and detailed documentation of wound healing with the assistance of a negative pressure wound therapy dressing. For large sacrococcygeal wounds we evidence that secondary intention healing via NPWT is a valid initial alternative to reconstructive surgery with a good cosmetic outcome and the option for early ambulation.
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In Vitro Digestibility and Gas Production from E. crus-pavonis used in Wetlands from Domestic Wastewater Treatment

In order to evaluate the possibilities of valorisation as feed of the plant biomass produced during wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands, a study of the in vitro digestibility and gas production of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was carried out in the Laboratory of Animal Production and Nutrition of the University of Dschang. The in vitro digestibility of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was evaluated at different harvesting periods
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Correlation of Hemostatic Parameters with Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 (PARP-1) Polymorphisms, Mutations, Laboratory, and Clinical Characteristics in 114 Patients with Philadelphia-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (PN-MPN) are at a higher risk for venous thrombosis. Thromboelastometry may prove efficient to evaluate the patient’s thrombotic risk. In this study, based on data from 114 patients with PN-MPN from a single center in Greece, hemostatic profile was assessed with routine coagulation tests, Rotational Thromboelastometry (ROTEM® ), and Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA)-100 and correlated with clinical, laboratory, treatment characteristics, gene mutations and polymorphisms of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1)
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A Controlled Release PLGA Bupivacaine Construct and its Effect on Chondrocytes

Controlling osteoarthritic pain has emerged as a major health care challenge. Available treatments are either cytotoxic or addictive and therefore there is an urgent need to develop alternative treatment options. We previously developed a liposomal-alginate construct to improve local anesthetic delivery as a potential chronic pain management treatment.
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Multiphysics Coupled Modeling of Coal Seam Fracture Stimulation Under Highly Pressurized Gas Impact Loading

3D gas-solid coupled symmetrical numerical model was developed on the basis of multiphysics finite element platform to study coal seam fracture stimulation under the high pressure gas impact loading generated by the highly pressurized multi-discharge carbon dioxide gas fracturing technique to improve pre gas drainage efficiency. The purposes of this study are to understand the natural and operational factors contribute to coal seam fracture stimulation and improvement of coal seam gas drainage efficiency and the interaction of these parameters.
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Modeling of InGaAsBi/InGaAs/InP Multi-Quantum Wells Short-Wave Infrared Detectors

We report the theoretical investigation of type-I InGaAsBi/InGaAs superlattice short-wave infrared detector nearly lattice matched to InP substrate such as the quaternary InGaAsBi/InGaAs layer is the absorption region. The used bismuth composition is about 5.5%, the Bi incorporation induced a cut-off wavelength red-shift from 1.6 µm to 3µm at room temperature (RT), and showing a band gap reduction about 362meV.
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Rotational Effect on Waves Propagation Modeling in a Poroelastic Bone

In this work, the dynamic behavior of a wet long bone that has been modeled as transversely isotropic hollow cylinder of crystal class 6 subjected to rotation is investigated. The solution wave for the wave propagation problem is expressed in term of a potential function which satisfies an eight-order partial differential equation, whose solutions lead to the derivation of the explicit solution of the wave equation.
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Potential Molecular Players Against to SARS-CoV-2: A Glyco-Perspective

COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and is associated with the increasing number of cases and deaths and has been declared a pandemic by WHO. The treatment strategy focused on preventing the S protein from binding and penetrating the ACE-2 receptor. In addition, S protein-related molecules such as peptides, blockers, and inhibitors that inhibit S protein cleavage are considered candidate therapeutics.
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Rapid Hydrogenation of Toluene in a One-Pass Reactor at Ambient Temperature and Pressure on a Novel Nanostructured Super-Alloy Catalysts without Containing Noble Metals

Novel Ni-Re super-alloy catalyst system is found for rapid hydrogenation of toluene to methylcyclohexane (MCH) in a one-pass reactor under mild reaction conditions. The novel bimetallic Ni-Re alloy catalysts exhibit the remarkably enhanced activity and stability for hydrogenation of toluene by comparison with monometallic Ni catalyst. The catalytic performance of novel Ni-Re catalyst is compared with that of Pt catalysts for hydrogenation of toluene. The better activity maintenance of the Ni-Re catalysts than the Pt-based catalysts are found. The alloying effect of Ni with Re is identified by XRD and EXAFS measurements.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to GA

Noah Isakov

Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology and the Cancer Research Center
Ben Gurion University of the Negev
Israel

Yi Zhun Zhu

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
National University of Singapore
Singapore

Xiao-Jian Yao

Associate Professor
Department of Medical Microbiology
University of Manitoba
Canada

Yi Qian

Professor
Biomechanics
Australian School of Advanced Medicine
Macquarie University
Australia

Farzad Amirabdollahian

Principal Investigator
Department of Health Sciences
Liverpool Hope University
United Kingdom

Jaime Morales-Arias

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
United States

Yao Olive Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Nutrition & Food Science
California State Polytechnic University
United States

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

Shuhui Li

Director of Renewable Energy Systems Laboratory
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
The University of Alabama
USA

Osman Erkmen

Professor
Department of Food Engineering
University of Gaziantep
Turkey
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