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Articles Related to Gender

Evaluation of System Usability Scale as A Marker of Non-Human Computer Interface’s Usability: A Sanitizer Container-Based Study

The use and the production of sanitizers have increased in the post-pandemic situation to prevent the further spread of COVID-19. Usability assessment of sanitizer containers is essentially required to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfactory use of the sanitizer containers. This study aimed to evaluate the system usability scale (SUS) as a marker of perceived usability of non-human computer interfaces, such as - sanitizer containers. The perceived usability of three types of sanitizer containers was evaluated using SUS. The authors have measured the reliability, convergent, and discriminant validity to evaluate SUS as a marker of usability of sanitizer containers. The result showed that SUS lacks convergent validity though it has a higher reliability coefficient. Thus, this is not the best measure of usability for non-human computer interfaces like-sanitizer containers. The SUS was applied on the flip cap, finger-pressure pump, and spray-type sanitizer containers. The finger-pressure pump container has exhibited a higher SUS score than others. The results of this study have given an idea about the usability of three different kinds of sanitizer containers. This research provides an overview of the application of SUS on non-Human computer interfaces like sanitizer containers. This study provides limitations like lack of convergent validity and ideas to overcome common method bias.
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A Review Study on Gender Determination with the Help of Bite Marks Analysis

Bite marks are commonly observed in cases such as slaughter, sexual assault, child abuse cases, and during sports events. Bitemark is a type of ‘patterned injury’ which played an important role as evidence in judicial system. Bite marks can find on various body parts and various edible leftovers at the Crime Scene which can be used as evidence for identification of the criminals. Teeth impression shows sexual dimorphism and therefore helps in gender estimation. The various dental characteristics are individual-specific. A piece of exhaustive information and examination of indentations can help in the vindication of the guiltless as well as give decisive proof to the conviction of criminals. In certain violations, indentation proof is the main proof on which conviction has been accomplished, especially in rape and kid abuse cases. The present review describes the importance of bite mark analysis, estimation of gender through bite marks, and stability of teeth impression in diverse conditions. This article can give a better comprehension of the methodology used in forensic dentistry when investigating dental impressions.
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Upswing in Industrial Activity and Infant Mortality During Late 19th Century US

This paper aims to assess the effects of industrial pollution on infant mortality between the years 1850-1940 using full count decennial censuses. In this period, US economy experienced a tremendous rise in industrial activity with significant variation among different counties in absorbing manufacturing industries, which is used as a proxy for variation in space-time industrial pollution.
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Comparison of Complications between Gender during Spinal Anesthesia

The side effects of spinal anesthesia have been the focus of many researchers. These complications can affect patients’ satisfaction following surgery and duration of hospitalization. Therefore, factors that lead to increased risk of side effects must be identified, one of these factors is gender. This study evaluated the relationship between gender and adverse effects after spinal anesthesia.
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Trends in Thyroid Malignancies in Accra Ghana: A Retrospective Histopathological Review in the Department of Pathology (1994-2013), Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Malignancies of the thyroid gland are common in certain parts of the world. In Ghana there are no available data on the trends and gender characteristics of thyroid malignancies (TMs). The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the trends and gender characteristics of TMs in the Department of Pathology.
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Syncope in Chronic Constitutional Hypotension: Gender based Retrospective observational study in symptomatic women

The association between chronic constitutional hypotension (CCH) and symptoms is uncertain both as pathophysiological correlation as a statistical link. The study was undertaken in order to investigate the existence of a significant association between CCH and symptoms and identify the most represented ones.
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Frontal Sinus Pattern and Evaluation of Right and Left Frontal Sinus Volume According to Gender, Using Multi Detector CT Scan

Frontal sinuses are pneumatic cavities that radiologically revealed in 5 or 6 years old and completed in 20 years old. Comparison of the frontal sinus has significant value to establish identification. The purpose of this study was to comparison of frontal sinus and assessment of right and left frontal sinus volume according to gender by using Multi Detector CT scan (MDCT).
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How the Interaction of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Gender Relates to HIV Risk Practices among Urban-Dwelling African Americans

Previous research has demonstrated that HIV risk practices often differ based on gender and on whether or not people experienced sexual abuse during their formative (i.e., childhood and adolescence) years. The interaction of these two factors, which is the focus of this paper, has received limited attention.
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Palatal Rugae Patterns as an Adjuvant to Gender Determination in Forensic Identification Procedures in a Paediatric Population

Identification of an individual who is either living or dead is based on the assumption that all individuals are unique. Whenever an unidentified corpse is found, the individual is classified into characteristic groups and finally the various possibilities are narrowed down.
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Attitudes of Physicians to the Policy of Mandatory Use of Chaperone in Clinical Practice

This study determines the attitudes and current practices of physicians regarding the use of chaperones in their daily clinical practice.
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Variability in the Levels of Vitamin D by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity: Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010

Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to investigate variability in the levels of vitamin D (25OHD) by age, gender, and race/ethnicity for the general U.S. population for 2007-2010. Data were analyzed separately for those aged 1-11, 12-19, 20-64, and ≥ 65 years.
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The Relationship between Anterior Tubercle of the Atlas to the Adjacent Oropharyngeal Airway Volume: Implication of Normalized Variables and Gender Differences

To examine a group of 38 Japanese males and females (group matched by age and body mass index) for changes of the anterior tubercle of atlas region and the posterior parapharyngeal wall with increasing age and body mass index.
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Efficacy of Fingerprint to Determine Gender and Blood Group

Fingerprint (dermatoglyphic) evidence is undoubtedly the most reliable and acceptable evidence till date in the court of law. Due to the immense potential of fingerprint as an effective method of identification an attempt has been made in the present work to analyze their correlation with gender and blood group of an individual.
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Concerns about Soy Cultivation: What is Known and What is not Known

There is a discrepancy in how phytoestrogens and soy products are viewed in science and medicine. Among edible plants, phytoestrogens are most abundant in soy, and are structurally and functionally analogous to estrogens, with their biological action mediated by estrogen receptors.
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Association between Stress and Dietary Behaviours among Undergraduate Students in Kuwait: Gender Differences

Studies have shown that a significant proportion of university students globally suffer from stress. Although many studies have reported an association between psychological stress and dietary behaviour, findings remain inconclusive. To date, no research in Kuwait has assessed the prevalence of stress and its relationship with dietary pattern among university students.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Gender

Ramesh Gupta

Professor of chemistry
Nagaland University
India

Ramesh C. Gupta

Department of Chemistry
Nagaland University
India

R. C. Gupta

Professor
Pro vice chancellor
Nagaland University
India

Jodi L. Tinkel

Asssistant Professor
Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Toledo
United States

Jennifer Chan

Associate Professor
Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice
University of British Columbia
Canada

Muntaha K Gharaibeh RN

Professor of Nursing
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

Margaret L. Khaitsa

Associate Professor
Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States
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