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Articles Related to HIV

Field Evaluation and Use of a Non Commercial Peptide Enzyme Immunoassay for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Serotyping in Abidjan (Ivory Coast)

In West Africa, where Human Immunodeficiency Viruses 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2) co-circulate, serological assays allowing the reliable serotyping of HIV infection are needed.
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Clients’ Perceptions of HIV/AIDS Supportive Counseling in Botswana: A Qualitative Study

The United Nations has created the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) initiative in an attempt to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide by the year 2030. In an effort to assist in the SDG cause, the current study sought to obtain data from clients in Botswana regarding the perceptions of their experiences with HIV/AIDS counseling from 25 randomly selected hospitals/clinics.
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HIV-1 Molecular Characterization and Transmitted Drug Resistance Prevalence among Treatment-Naïve Individuals

The distribution of different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genotypes and the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) mutations vary greatly across different Brazilian regions. This study aimed to describe the HIV-1 molecular diversity and TDR prevalence among treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected individuals in an urban area of Northeastern Brazil. DNA samples from 97 infected individuals were obtained and pol sequences were generated by Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. Bioinformatics tools were used to identify the presence of associated mutations with drug resistance, to reconstruct the phylogeny and to detect recombination.
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Predictors of Delayed Diagnosis and Evolution in Sub-Saharan Immigrants with HIV Infection in a Hospital in Madrid (2004–2013)

The aim of this study was to analyze the delayed diagnosis and evolution of HIV infection in predominantly sub-Saharan immigrants compared to other patients in a hospital in Madrid between 2004 and 2013. We retrospectively analyzed new HIV diagnoses. Late presentation or advanced disease were considered the presence of CD4 lymphocyte counts less than 350 or 200 cells/µl at diagnosis, respectively, or an AIDS-defining disease regardless of the CD4 count. Patients were compared according to their origin and sex.
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Evaluation of a Sexuality Education Program: A Peer-Led HIV Prevention Intervention in Argentina

Between 2010-2014, Fundacion Huesped and the Youth for Health Network implemented a sexuality education program, dance4life, in public schools in Argentina. A process evaluation was conducted in 2014 to assess the implementation of the program between 2010 and 2013, and make preliminary assessments of the impact on youth sexual and reproductive health.
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Meeting the Sexual and Reproductive Health Including HIV Needs of South Sudanese Refugees in Gambella, Ethiopia

Sexual and reproductive health services are more often than not perceived as low in the hierarchy of needs during humanitarian crisis yet populations in crisis need and have a right to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. A project to meet the SRH needs of South Sudanese refugees was designed and implemented in Ethiopia. A post emergency review was done to assess the performance of the project. A desk review; 10 key informant interviews with project management staff, partners, and beneficiaries; 5 focus group discussions (FGDs) with a total of 42 participants representing adult men/women and boys/girls was done. Thematic and content analyses approach was used for data analysis.
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The Psychosocial Factors that Influencing HIV-AIDS Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence

The socio-cultural context of illness has become a major research area, and it has made significant contributions to our understanding of the socio-cultural dimensions of illness. In this article, we briefly trace the roots of a socio-cultural approach to illness, and we present some of the key findings of socio-cultural organized under main themes. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy drugs in the treatment of HIV infection is complicated because of many psychosocial factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychosocial factors involved in non-compliance with ART among people infected with HIV in Alert Hospital in Ethiopia.
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Provision of Adolescent-Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Services Integrated into HIV Treatment and Care

Integration of HIV prevention services into reproductive health, care support and treatment programs can potentially increase the uptake of FP, dual protection and reduce vertical transmission of HIV.
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Reasons for hospitalization of HIV-positive patients in Riga East clinical University hospital, Latvia, 2014

HIV/AIDS occupy a special place among other diseases. It is Incurable and frightening disease, causing anger and denial. In the consciousness of people it is associated with violations of the norms of morality and causes condemnation.
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Evaluating Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe

In partnership with GALZ, Simbarashe network of PLHIV and ZWAAPV, SAfAIDS implemented Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for the Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe.
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How the Interaction of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Gender Relates to HIV Risk Practices among Urban-Dwelling African Americans

Previous research has demonstrated that HIV risk practices often differ based on gender and on whether or not people experienced sexual abuse during their formative (i.e., childhood and adolescence) years. The interaction of these two factors, which is the focus of this paper, has received limited attention.
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Study of Adenoid Hypertrophy in HIV Infected Adult Individuals and its Impact on Otitis Media with Effusion

To study the status of adenoids in Human Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV) infected individuals and its impact on otitis media with effusion.
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Intramural Abscesses: A Sequela of Infective Endocarditis in a Patient with HIV

Infective Endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with in-hospital mortality having been reported as ranging from 19-26%. Commonly documented complications of IE include valvular and chordae destruction and resultant regurgitations, embolic events, peri-valvular abscesses, fistulae, and congestive heart failure.
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An Introduction to the Approaches of Novel Drug Delivery Systems for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The currently available anti HIV agents have several drawbacks such as short half life, low bioavailability, poor CNS penetration and retention, hepatic first pass metabolism, undesirable side effects and frequent dosing regimen.
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Stigma, Persecution, and Neglect: HIV in Russian Men Who Have Sex with Men

Russia’s HIV epidemic has received considerable academic and mainstream press attention in recent weeks, following Moscow’s fifth annual Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS Conference in March, and its Federal AIDS Center’s announcement in January that the number of HIV cases in the country had broken the one million mark.
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Editorial Board Members Related to HIV

SHITTU RASAQ OLATUNJI

Head of Department of HIV/AIDS and Family Medicine
Kwara State Specialist Hospital
Nigeria

PHILIPOS PETROS GILE

Planing , Monitoring and Evaluation programs
Ethiopian Universities' Partnership Forum
Ethiopia

Emmanuel Ho

Assistant Professor
Department of Immunology
University of Manitoba
Canada

Bechan Sharma

Professor
Department of Biochemistry
University of Allahabad
India

Walter Royal

Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Maryland
United States

Yan Zhou

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Guangxi Medical University
China

LEONID B. MARGOLIS

Visiting Professor
Ilia University
Republic of Georgia
Georgia

Mario P. S. Chin

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Temple University
United States

Chandan Saha

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics
School of Medicine
Indiana University
United states

RAJNISH S. DAVE

Associate Scientist
Department of Neuroscience
Temple University
United States
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