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Articles Related to IMPACT

Impact of Eating Habits on Cellular Regeneration and Weight Balance in the Central African Republic

Food compound has an impact on cell regeneration and body mass index. Studies of observations conducted between 2015 and 2017 among men in the CAR show a similarity in eating habits and in the way of consuming food. Of 148 people from different households with different incomes observed, 79 or 53.38% were male and 69 or 46.32% were female. The median age was 28 years (18-45). In group 1 or G1, 115 (77.7%) retained the African food habit. In addition, 33 people or 22.3% adopted a western-style eating habit and have a preference for fried foods and dairy products with a high-fat content (group 2 or G2). This G2 had more overweight or obesity phenomena than the G1 which presented some weight loss cases with a significant difference. The composition of the African food habit has certainly an influence on the body mass and cellular regeneration thus tissue.
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Impacts of Climate Change on Livestock Production and Productivity and Different Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia

This review work was conducted to explore the likely impacts of climate change on livestock production and productivity and different adaptation strategies in Ethiopia. National average temperature has increased by 1 °C since the 1960s. Most of the livestock owners in the country perceive there are a climate change impacts on Livestock production and productivity. The major effects of climate change on livestock production include feed shortage, shortage of water, livestock genetic resources loss, reduced productivity, and decreased mature weight and/or longer time to reach a mature weight in their order of importance. Higher temperatures resulting from climate change may increase the rate of development of certain pathogens or parasites that have one or more life cycle stages outside their animal host.
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The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Transportation Assets

Climate change is the statistical distribution changes of weather patterns when that change lasts for a long period. This paper aims to review economic wide effect of climate change on transportation assets. Climate change economically affects transportation by increasing maintenance, operation, rehabilitation, and repairmen costs of transportation infrastructure. Climate changes can also increase the cost of new transportation infrastructure due to higher climate adaptable design standards. It also accelerates infrastructure replacement costs. In addition to damage to transportation infrastructures, climate change can also indirectly cause loss of infrastructure service and activity disruption. Climate change also causes bring down travel times, higher cost choice required to address operational needs and accumulating yield for shipment when transport courses allow.
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Salmonella Contamination of Fresh Salad Produce: Prevalence, Impact and Reduction Strategies

Fresh salad produce such as lettuce and spinach are an important part of a healthy diet, but are increasingly becoming associated with infection from foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella enterica. This review examines the incidence and origins of Salmonella fresh salad leaf colonization, models the behaviour of the pathogen when within a bagged salad and considers the various infection risk reduction strategies relevant to salad growers, distributors and consumers which can be employed to improve the microbiological safety of fresh salad leaves
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The Impact of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy in Lewy Body Dementia: A Neuropathological Study with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Correlations

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is frequently associated to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but can also occur in Lewy body dementia (LBD). The present post-mortem study compares the incidence and the topographic distribution of small cerebrovascular lesions in LBD brains without and with severe CAA (LBD-CAA).
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Impact of Inverted Interrupted Skin Suturing Versus Continous Suturing in Episiotomy on Postpartum Pain in Primigravida

Episiotomy is an incision that is made in perineum at the end of part of second stage of delivery. There are Long term sequels of episiotomy repair. A considerable number of ladies complains from perineal pain and up to twenty percent have long term complications e.g., dyspareunia [1]. The best method for repairing episiotomy is the method that isnot time consuming and lesser materials and causes lesser pain in the immediate and long term periods.
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Impact of Myocardial Revascularization on the Range of Joint Motion of the Superior and Inferior Members

The surgical procedure for myocardial revascularization (MRI) may compromise chest stability, compliance and range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joint due to sternotomy and knee joint due to saphenectomy.To evaluate the impact of myocardial revascularization surgery on upper and lower limb ROM
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Complete Clinical Response after Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Chemoradiotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Impact on Oncologic Outcomes

Objective: Concomitant chemoradiation (RCT) represents the standard of care for locally-advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Nevertheless induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by RCT is currently an attractive approach. Some trials showed a survival benefit of this therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study was to analyze complete clinical response (CCR) after IC and to assess its impact on disease control and survival.
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Impacts of Double Up SNAP Farmers’ Market Incentive Program on Fruit and Vegetable Access, Purchase and Consumption

Background and Objective: In response to low consumption levels of fruits and vegetables (F&V) by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants, the Community Food Bank of Southern Arizona created the Double Up SNAP (DUSP) farmers’ market (FM) incentive program to examine its impact on awareness of and access to FM, and F&V purchase and consumption in Pima County, AZ.
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Impact of Socioeconomic and Social Contexts on Youth Perceptions of School Nutrition Policy Development in Lebanon

School represents a proper place for health promotion among youth. This study aimed to explore the determinants of an eventual school nutrition policy (SNP) development by studying the perceptions of youth coming from different social contexts in Lebanon. It was a qualitative study conducted among 48 children and adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years in 8 schools (4 private and 4 public) in rural and urban Lebanese regions. An exhaustive integrated conceptual framework was used to explore the perceived determinants at different levels of action, namely individual, community/interpersonal and organizational. Directed and semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with youth. Data from this research have been submitted to a thematic qualitative analysis to identify barriers and facilitators of SNP development in Lebanon. Coding guide was based on the integrated comprehensive conceptual framework. Transcripts were coded and revised by the 2 researchers for common themes.
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Study of Adenoid Hypertrophy in HIV Infected Adult Individuals and its Impact on Otitis Media with Effusion

To study the status of adenoids in Human Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV) infected individuals and its impact on otitis media with effusion.
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The Impact of Repeated Hb A2 Measurements on β-Thalassemia Trait Diagnosis

Hemoglobin A2 (Hb A2) is a minor component of the hemoglobin present in normal adult red blood cells, accounting for 1.5-3.5% of the total hemoglobin in healthy individuals.
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Variability in the Levels of Vitamin D by Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity: Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010

Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to investigate variability in the levels of vitamin D (25OHD) by age, gender, and race/ethnicity for the general U.S. population for 2007-2010. Data were analyzed separately for those aged 1-11, 12-19, 20-64, and ≥ 65 years.
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Non-ARV Prescriptions and Medication Burden among Commercially Insured U.S. HIV Patients

Accelerated aging and higher co-morbidity prevalence have increased non-antiretroviral (ARV) medications for HIV patients. We examined, over a 12 month period, non-ARV medication burden among HIV-positive patients 18-49 and ≥50 years using a comprehensive U.S. healthcare claims database in an age-and-gender matched analysis (1:3 matching ratio of cases to controls). Primary outcomes of interest included the median and mean number of unique non-ARV drug substances during the one month period with the highest number of prescriptions filled for each individual, and the mean number of unique classes of medication.
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Impact of Training Programme on Knowledge and Perception of Primary Health Care (PHC) Workers on Nutrition Component of Safe Motherhood Initiative in South-West Nigeria

One of the core components of Safe Motherhood Initiatives (SMI) is nutrition, yet only few studies have considered this adequately. The goal of this intervention study was to evaluate the effect of training programme on knowledge and perception of PHC health workers on nutrition components of SMIs.
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Editorial Board Members Related to IMPACT

PATRICIA A. KRUK

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
USF Morsani College of Medicine
University of South Florida
United States

MARK LAFTAVI

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
State University of New York at Buffalo
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States

Ann Gaba

Assistant Professor
City University of New York
United States

ABDUL AHAD

Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
King Saud University
Saudi Arabia

Meijun Zhu

Assistant Professor
School of Food Science
Washington State University
United States

Lin Feng

Associate Professor
Bioinformatics Research Centre
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Sandeep Kumar Kar

Assistant Professor
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research
India

PUNAM OHRI-VACHASPATI

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Giuseppe Sorrentino

Professor of neurology
University of Naples Parthenope
Italy
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