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Articles Related to India

Comparison of Various Security Features of Genuine, Scanned and Photocopied Indian Currency Note of the Denomination 2000

A banknote is a type of a negotiable instrument known as a promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand. The Indian Rupee is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. In this modern epoch, circulation of counterfeit currency has greatly augmented as the most common unlawful activity.
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Metabolic Syndrome in Indigenous Amerindian Women in Suriname; Less on Waist and More on Weight?

The indigenous Amerindian populations living in the southern interior part of Suriname have to date largely maintained their traditional hunter-gatherer life-style. In this study we compared the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeTS) and its component risk factors between indigenous Amerindian women of the interior of Suriname, with indigenous Amerindian women living in the coastal-rural areas who have a more urbanized lifestyle. We focused on women since the Suriname Health study showed that Indigenous women had the second highest MeTS prevalence nationwide.
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Historical Perspective of Dharwad Forensic Mental Health Services during Pre-Independence Era: A Retrospective Study

Background: History of forensic mental health services provide knowledge regarding its evolution that has undergone tremendous changes over the past two centuries. Aim: To study the forensic mental health services and management of psychiatric patients during pre-independence era. Settings and Design: Retrospective, hospital based chart-review and descriptive study. Methods and Materials: Medical records of 85 cases preserved with the 170-year old psychiatric institute were retrieved to study the variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, clinical profile, treatment methods, admission-discharge procedures, and mortality by retrospective chart-review method. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical measures with significance of P<0.05.
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Evaluation of Golden Proportion in North Indian Individuals with an Aesthetic Smile

This study aimed to investigate the existence of the golden proportion between the widths of the maxillary anterior teeth in individuals with an aesthetic smile. This study was conducted on 120 subjects (60 women and 60 men), with ages ranging from 18 to 25 years. Those subjects whose natural smile did not show any visual tension with regards to the study and their own criteria were selected as having aesthetic smile. An image measurement program was used to measure the apparent mesio-distal widths of six maxillary anterior teeth on the scanned photographs of these subjects. Individual measurements of each maxillary anterior tooth were taken and the golden proportion was compared. The existence of the golden proportion was investigated in the width ratios of maxillary anterior teeth.
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Genetic Characterization and Sequence Variations in 12S rRNA of Mitochondrial Gene in Three Indian Civets (Viverridae) Species: Implication in Wildlife Forensics

Comparative genomics of 12S and 16S rRNAs, cytochrome b (Cyt b) and the control region (CR) of mtDNA genome are commonly used in phylogenetics and wildlife forensics. We document the genetic characteristics and sequence variations of 12S rRNA (384 bp) in Indian civets, viz., the common palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) (n=9), small Indian civet (Viverricula indica) (n=7) and Himalayan palm civet (Paguma larvata) (n=5). The nucleotide compositions vary from 17.6% to 36.3%, and found one to two haplotypes in all three civet species. Observed sequence divergence was 0.001 to 0.002 and 0.057 to 0.110 within and between species respectively. The nucleotide diversity was 0.00102 to 0.00184. Tajima’s D value was negative (-0.097256 to -1.36240) but statistically non-significant in all three species. Based on genetic characteristics, we discuss the use of observed forensically informative nucleotide sequencing (FINS) and topology in species identification for forensic purposes among these three civet species.
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Food Processing Technology and Packaging: A Case Study of Indian Cashew-nut Industry

India is the global leader in world cashew business and cashew-nut industry is one of the important food processing industries in world.
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Early Postnatal Stunting Increases Risk of Hypertension among Young Rural Adults from India- Pune Rural Cohort

As stunting in early postnatal life is prudent in developing countries, investigating its long term effect on adult blood pressure is necessary.
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Lead (Pb) Toxicity Trigger Schizophrenia in Battery Workers of North Region of India

Total production of Pb acid batteries in India is about 8 million per year and nearly 10,000 Kg of Pb is consumed in the production of batteries.
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Development and Validation of a Skin Fold Thickness Prediction Equation for Asian Indians Using Hydrodensitometry

Skin fold thickness prediction equations are widely used for estimating body fat percentage and thereby obesity. Equations to estimate body fat percentage for the Asian Indian population do not yet exist. The main purpose of this study was to develop and validate a new prediction equation for the estimation of body fat percentage in Asian Indian adults using anthropometric measurements (skin folds, circumference, bone breadth) and DEXA.
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Study on Hair Morphology to Distinguish the Dominant Races in Malaysia for Forensic Investigation

Hair evidence is one of the most common types of evidence encountered in criminal investigations. The present preliminary study is aimed to investigate the racial discrimination through hair morphology viz. inner cuticle margin, cuticle thickness and medulla pattern among Malay, Chinese and Indian in Malaysia.
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Studies on the Nutritional Status of School Age Children in Drought Affected Desert Environment of Western Rajasthan, India

Three stage sampling technique adopted covering 1497 school age children from 24 villages of Jodhpur district and examined at household level for their nutritional anthropometry, dietary and nutritional deficiencies. Growth retardation was observed. Wasting was in 22.4 percent children significantly higher in boys. Stunting and underweight was 36.6 and 43.9 percent (Less than Median–2SD).
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Penetrating Arrow Wound of the Chest - A Case Report

In ancient India arrow injury was prevalent as it was a one of the most frequently used weapon. With passage of time use of bow and arrow became restricted to tribal area and its use became limited mostly to hunting. But in the recent years with progressively increasing terrorist activity in some areas arrow injuries are becoming more and more frequent.
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Nanotechnology Commercialization: Prospects in India

Nanotechnology manipulates and creates matter to formulate nanometer scale materials and objects. It is an interdisciplinary field that involves a wide range of scientific and engineering disciplines, and has societal implications.
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Developing and Testing Nutrition Messages for Asian Indian Mothers

To develop and test nutrition messages for Asian Indian mothers addressing eight feeding behaviors likely to influence children’s dietary intake and weight.
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Law & Psychiatry in India: An Overview

The application of legal knowledge to psychiatry and of psychiatric knowledge to the legal issues is the subspecialty of psychiatry know as forensic psychiatry. In India, forensic psychiatry is still in its infancy. The legal issues pertaining to the mental health care in India appeared only after British Rule, with very minimal changes occurring post independence.
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Editorial Board Members Related to India

UDAI P. SINGH

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
University of South Carolina
United States

MAHENDRA PRATAP SINGH

Toxicogenomics and Predictive Toxicology Division
India

Ramesh C. Gupta

Professor of Chemistry
School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development (SASRD)
Nagaland University
India

Matthias Clauss

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Indiana University
United States

SARATH CHANDRA JANGA

Assistant Professor
School of Informatics and Computing
Indiana University
United States

SEEMA HAKIM

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
J.N. Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
India

Pramod Bhujangrao Khedekar

Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University
India

RAMTEKE KULDEEP HEMRAJ

Associate Professor
Department of pharmaceutics
Modern College of Pharmacy
India

Alok Dabi

Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery
University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB)
United States

Dr. Amarnath Mishra

Assistant Professor
Amity Institute of Forensic Sciences
Amity University
India
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