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Articles Related to India

Oral Carcinoma in Young-Clinico-Pathological Profile and Survival Outcomes in a North Indian Population

To study the prevalence, clinico-pathological profile and survival outcome of oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients (<40 years).
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Reinfection in A Healthcare Worker with SARS-Cov 2 in a Hospital in North India

Here, we report a case of reinfection after a gap of 97 days in our hospital. A 26-year-old male was working as a health care worker (HCW) in the COVID Intensive Care Unit. After completing his posting of 14 days (active quarantine), he tested positive with SARS CoV-2 by Real-time PCR (RTPCR) assay on 03/05/20 during routine testing which is done to all the HCW at the end of the active quarantine period as per the hospital policy
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In vitro Digestibility of Indian Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) Leaves Associated with Stylosanthes guianensisin Ruminants

The study of the in vitrodigestibility of Indian bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) leaves associated with Stylosanthes guianensisin ruminants was conducted in April 2019 in the Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit of the University of Dschang. A bovine ruminal fluid, a source of energy (B. vulgaris) and a nitrogen source (S.guianensis) with or without polyethylene glycol (PEG) were used. A sample of rations based on B. vulgarisassociated with 0; 20 and 30% of S.guianensis, with or without PEG was removed, dried and milled to determine the chemical composition and evaluation of in vitrodigestibility. Results of this study showed that the addition of legume increased the total nitrogen content (MAT) (12.87, 13.03 and 13.56% DM) when the B. vulgariswas associated with 0; 20 and 30% S.guianensis.
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Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries Evidence from Nepal, Bangladesh, and India

Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk.
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An Overview and Constraints of Pig Farming in Assam - A Review

Agriculture is the prime source of livelihood in the socioeconomically weaker section of the society and it provides livelihood security to more than 75% of the rural population in Assam. Majority of pigs are reared in traditional small scale alimentation system which act as a source of income, employment generation and livelihood security primly to the tribal population in the state.
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In Vitro Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Brucella Species Isolated from Human and Animals in India

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals, including domestic livestock, and human. It is considered one of the most common bacterial zoonoses in the world. Endemic in many parts of India little is known about the antibiotic susceptibility or resistance of Brucella isolates from India.
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Protective Effects of Exclusive Breastfeeding against Childhood Obesity: Finding Evidences from India

Treating childhood obesity is time-consuming and inconclusive exercise; children suffering dominantly in later years are more likely to grow up to be obese adults.
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Air Pollution Report of Agartala city Tripura, India

Air pollution is a major and growing risk factor for ill health in India, contributing significantly to the country’s burden of disease. As per the Global Burden of Disease comparative risk assessment for 2015, air pollution exposure contributes to approximately 1.8 million premature deaths and 49 million disability adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost, ranking it among the top risk factors for ill health in India. Home to 10 of the top 20 cities with the highest annual average levels of PM2.5 as per the WHO Urban Ambient Air Quality Database (2016), and with several studies showing a worsening trend over the time, it is safe to say that rapid urbanization and industrial development have adversely affected urban air quality due to vehicular and industrial emissions. Simultaneously, over two-thirds of rural Indians caught in the ‘chulha trap’ use biomass fuels such as wood, dung or coal to satisfy their cooking and heating needs, resulting in smoke-filled homes and extremely high levels of exposure especially to women and children [1]. With respect to other cities of India, our smallest state Tripura (Agartala city) also have the high value of PM10 & PM2.5.The value of particulate matter is above the CPCB standards and also WHO standards. On the Basis of the study report we made some suggestion to overcome these conditions.
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Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Higher Secondary School Teachers of Kanpur, India

Low back pain is a global health issue, potentially affecting the individual’s functionality in daily life. Teaching is regarded as a human service occupation and in recent years it is been identified as a highly stressful occupation.
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Age Related Variation in Feminine Handwriting among Population Groups of Delhi, India

Handwriting is a uniquely human trait which progresses and evolves during lifetime and declines with age. The aim of the present paper is to assess variation in handwriting features with age among female writers of select population groups of Delhi, India (for Roman script).
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Phyto-Nutrient Diversity in Morinda Citrifolia L. Genotypes of Andaman Islands, India

The Indian mulberry or Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) is one of the emerging sources of natural antioxidants for herbal and pharmaceutical industry. The genus Morinda has more than 150 species in which M. citrifolia is identified as most important for health and economic point of view. Present study revealed significant (p < 0.05) diversity in 33 genotypes of M. citrifolia from Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) for phyto-constituents. The promising genotypes viz. FRG-14, JGH-5, TRA-1, TRA-2 and HD-6 were identified for commercial uses. Correlation analysis in M. citrifolia germplasm showed strong correlation between carotenoids and ascorbic acid (r2 =0.973; p<0.05), tannin (r2 =0.598; p<0.05), flavonoids (r2 =0.691; p<0.05) and phenol (r2 =0.598; p<0.05). The genotypes showed wide range for antioxidant capacity which showed positive correlation with carotenoids (r2 =0.335; p<0.05), flavonoids (r2 =0.249; p<0.05) and Cu (r2 =0.953; p<0.05), Mn (r2 =0.953; p<0.05) and Mg (r2 =0.582; p<0.05). The diversity analysis is useful for designing breeding strategies for phyto-nutrient rich genotypes for better recovery in health products.
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Relevance of extra digital flexion creases: A study in North India

The proposed study was undertaken among 152 male and 155 female participants belonging to one population group of North India within age range 18-60 years. They were examined for extra digital flexion creases on the volar surface of all digits. Palm prints were obtained from both the right and left hand of each individual. The result showed that out of 3070 digits of 307 participants, 46 digits from 23 (16 male and 7 female) participants show the prevalence of extra digital flexion crease either on right or left palm.
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Comparison of Various Security Features of Genuine, Scanned and Photocopied Indian Currency Note of the Denomination 2000

A banknote is a type of a negotiable instrument known as a promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand. The Indian Rupee is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. In this modern epoch, circulation of counterfeit currency has greatly augmented as the most common unlawful activity.
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Metabolic Syndrome in Indigenous Amerindian Women in Suriname; Less on Waist and More on Weight?

The indigenous Amerindian populations living in the southern interior part of Suriname have to date largely maintained their traditional hunter-gatherer life-style. In this study we compared the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeTS) and its component risk factors between indigenous Amerindian women of the interior of Suriname, with indigenous Amerindian women living in the coastal-rural areas who have a more urbanized lifestyle. We focused on women since the Suriname Health study showed that Indigenous women had the second highest MeTS prevalence nationwide.
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Historical Perspective of Dharwad Forensic Mental Health Services during Pre-Independence Era: A Retrospective Study

Background: History of forensic mental health services provide knowledge regarding its evolution that has undergone tremendous changes over the past two centuries. Aim: To study the forensic mental health services and management of psychiatric patients during pre-independence era. Settings and Design: Retrospective, hospital based chart-review and descriptive study. Methods and Materials: Medical records of 85 cases preserved with the 170-year old psychiatric institute were retrieved to study the variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, clinical profile, treatment methods, admission-discharge procedures, and mortality by retrospective chart-review method. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical measures with significance of P<0.05.
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Editorial Board Members Related to India

Prashant Kumar

Professor
Chair of Air Quality and Health
University of Surrey
UK

SANJEEV KUMAR SINGH

Professor
Department of Bioinformatics
Alagappa University
India

R Manivanan

Scientist
Central Water and Power Research Station
India

Pragnesh B. Parmar

Associate Professor
Department of Forensic Medicine
GMERS Medical College, Valsad
India

Mansoor C Abdulla

Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
MES Medical College
India

Mandava Rajeswari

Professor
School of Computer Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia

Ronn Johnson

Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Creighton University Medical School
United States

Mohammad Javed Equbal

Department of Biomedical Institute for Regenerative Research
Texas A&M University
USA

PRAVIN RAMBHAI TIRGAR

Associate professor and Head of Department
Department of Pharmacology
School of Pharmacy
RK University
India

Matthias Clauss

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Indiana University
United States
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