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Articles Related to MIT

Optical Depth Measurement of Self-Reversed Line Emitted from In-Homogenous Plasma in Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

In this work, an original method is proposed and used for measurement of the optical depth of a self-reversed spectral line. A theoretical approach is utilized in an in homogenous laser induced plasma at local thermodynamic to simulate self-reversed line and then to get the main line profile without self-absorption. In this research, the spatial and temporal evolution of optical depth of two spectral lines of Ca II at 393.4 nm and 396,9 nm is studied. Furthermore, the variation of optical depth versus the concentration of species emitter inside of plasma plume is investigated. In addition, the validity of this method is affirmed during comparison with results obtained by other techniques.
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Carbon Emission Efficiency and Emission Permit Allocation of China’s Fire Power Industry: An Emission Permit Trading Perspective

The emissions trading system is an important tool to combat climate change, which uses the “cap and trade” principle to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This paper first adopts production technology considering carbon emission permit trading and proposes a data envelopment analysis (DEA) model to evaluate carbon emission efficiency of Chinese fire power industry from 2013 to 2017. Further, a new zero sum gains DEA(ZSG-DEA)considering carbon emission permit trading model is proposed based on efficiency principle to adjust the initial allocation of carbon emission permits (considering fairness principle) among regional fire power industries in 2030. The new approach enables us to investigate the carbon emission efficiency and emission permit allocation problem from an emission permit trading perspective. Theoretical analysis show that organizations have higher potential in reducing carbon emissions and greater potential in improving inputs and outputs after introducing emitting permit trading. Empirical results show that the southeastern fire power industries have higher carbon emission efficiencies and permitted emission levels. Under the background of carbon emission permit trading, the allocation level of carbon emissions permit in inefficient areas is limited and given greater responsibility for reducing emissions considering fairness and efficiency principles. This could promote active carbon emissions reduction in various regions so as to realize China’s carbon emissions [1] reduction targets in a faster pace.
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A Novel Coenzyme Q8A Mutation in a Case with Juvenile-Onset Coenzyme Q10D4: Case Report and Literature Review

Primary coenzyme Q10 deficiency-4 (CoQ10D4) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by childhood-onset of cerebellar ataxia and exercise intolerance. Molecular pathology responsible for clinical findings is mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction. The main clinical manifestation involves early-onset exercise intolerance, progressive cerebellar ataxia and movement disorders. Some affected individuals develop seizures and have mild mental impairment, indicating variable severity.
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Chronic Exposure to Artificial Light Spectra at night alter Neurobehaviour and Neurotransmitter levels in Albino Rats

Artificial light at night has been reported to have significant effects on the physiology and behaviour of animals by its impact on their circadian rhythm. This study investigated the effect of artificial light spectra at night on neurotransmitter activities and neurobehavioural changes in the albino rat. Blue (470 nm) and red (665 nm) lights were used; with ambient light and darkness serving as positive and negative controls, respectively. The rats were exposed to daylight from 6 am to 6 pm and 12 hours of artificial light (6 pm - 6 am) daily (light sources were 13 Watt compact florescent electric bulbs). Neurobehavioural outcomes were measured using the Open Field Test (OFT) and Morris Water Maze (MWM).
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Utility of Limited Panel of Calretinin and BerEP4 in Cell Block Preparations in Effusion Cytology

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Global Correction of T10 Non-uniformity in mMR Breast Coil with Multiple Tube Phantom-based Technique and its Validation in Breast MRI: a Feasibility Study

Non-uniform native T1 (T10) distribution influences reliable measurement of Ktrans: a pharmacokinetic parameter (Ktrans) that quantitatively measures neovascularization of the tumor tissue that has been used for the classification of malignant breast lesions and to monitor therapy response.
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A Rare Case: Pylor Stenosis with Anal Atresia and Vesicoureteral Reflux

In newborns, vomiting is a very frequent find. Especially in a newborn who has undergone major surgery, postoperative vomiting is a common occurrence. In our study, we aimed to present a newborn who was operated on first for anorectal malformation (ARM) and then for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and diagnosed with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) upon persistent vomiting
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Consistent Confidence Limits, P Values, and Power of the Non-Conservative, Size – α Modified Fisher exact Test

The classical Fisher exact test [1], which is unconditionally the uniformly most powerful unbiased (UMPU) test, requires randomization at the critical value(s) to be of size α. Obviously, one needs a non-randomized version of this. Rejecting the null only if the test-statistic’s outcome is more extreme than the critical values, reduces the actual size considerably. The modified Fisher exact test introduced in [2] additionally rejects the null when the test attains the critical value c(t) and the randomization probability γ(t) (that depend on the total number of successes T) exceeds a threshold γ0, which is determined such that, for all values of the nuisance parameter, the size of the unconditional modified test is smaller, but as close as possible to α. This greatly improves the size and power of the test as compared to, for example, the conservative nonrandomized Fisher exact test, while controlling the Type 1 error rate.
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The Occurrence of Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Complications and an Evaluation of the Methods Utilized to Mitigate Them

Despite intravenous (IV) catheters being among the most common invasive clinical devices used in a hospital setting, they are associated with complication rates up to 50% in large medical centers. High patient burden combined with enormous costs to the healthcare system necessitates improvement in IV catheter safety and utilization.
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Case Series: Fishhook Penetrating Eye Injuries

Fishing is considered a favorite pastime and source of living for many, but rare incidences can happen and end up in serious ocular injuries. Here we are presenting 3 cases of fish hook penetrating eye injuries for a year in Hospital Serdang, Malaysia. 2 of them were fishing while the third was a bystander.
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Pattern of Injuries in Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its Relation to Substance Use

Injuries are one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among the non-communicable diseases. They also represent a big economic burden in countries worldwide. Substance abuse and injuries both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between addiction and injuries is obscure, and what occurs first is the question. The aim of this work was to determine the pattern of injuries in patients attended to the emergency department of Alexandria Main University Hospital and its relation to substance use.
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Multiprogram Interaction between Mitigation and Adaptation Programs: Optimization Opportunity for Governments Addressing Climate Change

This article addresses the concepts of economies of scope and multiprogram production, subadditivity and transray convexity as it applies to program optimization.
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Cardiovascular Responses of Patients with Obesity Submitted to a Proof of Effort

Obesity is a multisystemic disease. It is a coronary risk factor, that promotes or is associated with other components such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, etc.
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Mediastinitis Revealing Primitive Thyroid Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis of the thyroid gland is very rarely diagnosed with a prevalence of 0.1-0.3 %. According to Ghosh, et al., the rarity of this localization is due to the bactericidal action of colloid and also the high iodine content and high blood flow in thyroid tissue
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Epidemiological Profile of Congenital Cardiopathy Neonatal Revelation in Tehran

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital disorder in newborns represents a major cause of perinatal death. The prevalence of these malformations is still unrecognized in Tunisia because of the lack of a national register. The aim of this study was describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of the heart diseases with neonatal diagnosis in Tunisia.
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Editorial Board Members Related to MIT

Peter Anderson

Adjunct Associate Professor
Pharmacy Practice
University of Rhode Island
United States

George Panayiotakis

Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Patras
Greece

Judyth L. Twigg

Professor
Department of Political Science
Virginia Commonwealth University
United States

Amer A. Taqa

Professor
Department of Dental Basic Science
Mosul University
Iraq

Agnieszka Alicja Karczmarczyk

Assistant professor
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Poland

David J. MacEwan

Professor
Department of Molecular & Clinical Pharmacology
Institute of Translational Medicine
University of Liverpool
United Kingdom

Ramesh C. Gupta

Professor of Chemistry
School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development (SASRD)
Nagaland University
India

JOHN B. SAMPSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States

Jamie I. Baum

Assistant Professor
Department of Food Science
University of Arkansas
United States

PAULA M. CHILTON

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology & Immunology
University of Louisville
United States
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