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Articles Related to MRI

The Importance of Brain MRI in the Diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami Disease

Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a neurological disorder that has been found to be associated with chronic alcoholism and malnutrition. We report a 45 year old man, chronic alcoholic that developed discouragement for activities involving daily living, changes in retrograde memory in addition to mutism and gait instability. Brain MRI showed central atrophy of the corpus callosum(CC), hypointensity(necrosis) and ventricular dilation(white matter and subcortical region involvement).
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Rupture of a Giant Caesarean Scar Endometriosis Nodule - A Case Report and Literature Review

Abdominal wall endometriosis is a rare condition occurring after caesarean section. A small painful nodule or lump near post caesarean scar is the common presentation. Large size endometrial nodules in anterior abdominal wall are uncommon and bleeding is very rare complication. In a thirty two years female a giant size endometrial nodule developed in a post caesarean scar. This patient presented as emergency during menstruation because of pain and lump with bluish discolouration. This case is reported for post caesarean scar large size endometriosis with extravasation of blood in surrounding anterior abdominal wall. This giant size endometriosis in anterior abdominal wall involving rectus abdominis muscle was successfully excised with a margin. The residual large size defect was repaired using polypropylene mesh.
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Jejunal Adenocarcinoma: An Unusual Cause of Small Bowel Obstruction

We report the case of a 52 year old man having no previous abdominal surgery who presented with small bowel obstruction. Computerised tomography showed mid jejunal obstruction, however, the cause of the obstruction could not be diagnosed radiologically. Laparotomy was performed and the obstruction was found to be due to a small annular jejunal tumour.
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MRI of the Psoas Major Muscle: Origin, Attachment, Anatomical Variants and Correlation with the Lumbar Disc Extrusion

To verify the psoas major muscle (PMM) anatomical origin and variants, to evaluate the PMM attachment to the lumbar disc and variants, and to search for correlation between the anatomic variants of PMM attachment to the disc and disc extrusion.
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Fibromatosis Colli, a Rare Cause of Neck Mass in Infants: A Case Report

Fibromatosis colli is a benign fibrous mass developed from the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The exact etiologies are unknown. It seems that it is due to birth trauma. Ultrasound is the diagnostic tool of choice. The treatment is based on physiotherapy.
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A New Approach to Identify Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a known gastrointestinal disorder that has been well documented but is difficult to diagnose noninvasively.
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Effects of Age and Sex on Sickle Cell Disease Avascular Necrosis

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hemoglobinopathy. Based on genotypes, it is classified into sickle cell thalassemia (SCTh) and sickle cell anemia (SCA).
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Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia Type III and Primary Hemochromatosis; Coexistence of Mutations in KIF23 and HFE

Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type III (CDA III) can be caused by mutation in KIF23. CDA III differs from CDA I and II in the sense that secondary hemochromatosis has not been reported. However, we have observed elevated serum ferritin in a CDA III family.
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Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of Proximal Urethra in a Pregnant Female: A Unique Case Report

Inflammatory Myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare spindle tumour that mimics malignant processes. It can affect any part of the body, but rarely occurs in the genitourinary tract. We report a case of urethral IMT in a 31-year-old pregnant female of 18 weeks gestational age.
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T2* MRI Correlates with R2 Liver Iron Concentration in Transfusion Dependent Thalassaemia

Despite the introduction of chelation therapy, progressive iron overload continues to complicate management of transfusion dependent thalassaemia. Cardiac arrhythmias and cardiomyopathy are the predominant causes of death, while endocrinopathies and cirrhosis contribute to morbidity and mortality.
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Non-Syndromic X Linked Intellectual Disability in Two Brothers with A Novel NLGN4X Gene Splicing Mutation (NC_018934.2: g. 1202C>A)

X-linked Intellectual Disability (XLID) is an extremely heterogeneous disorder for which many of the causative genes are still unknown. So far, more than one hundred genes of the X chromosome have been found to be altered in males manifesting intellectual disability (ID). NLGN4X is an XLID gene, which has been found, involved in autism and Asperger syndrome involving causative coding mutations.
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Primary Large Hydatid Cyst of The Neck

Hydatid cyst in the head and neck is very rare. We report the exceptional case of a 9-year-old female child presenting with a hydatid cyst in the posterior cervical region
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Lead (Pb) Toxicity Trigger Schizophrenia in Battery Workers of North Region of India

Total production of Pb acid batteries in India is about 8 million per year and nearly 10,000 Kg of Pb is consumed in the production of batteries.
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Radiological Findings of Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome in An Adult Patient: Case Report

Dyke Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is a rare disease characterized by cerebral hemiatrophy due to brain insult in fetal life. Clinical symptoms include seizures, facial asymmetry, hemiplegia or hemiparesis, and mental retardation.
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Editorial Board Members Related to MRI

Tatjana Rundek

Professor
Miller School of Medicine
University of Miami
United States

Simone Maurea

Associate Professor
Diagnostic Imaging
University Federico
Italy

Mridula Chopra

Senior Lecturer
School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
University of Portsmouth
United Kingdom

XU-FENG HUANG

Professor
School of Health Sciences
University of Wollongong
Australia

Fatih Yalcin

Professor
Department of Cardiology
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
USA

Abdelwahab Omri

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Laurentian University
Canada

Tuan D. Pham

Professor
Aizu Research Cluster for Medical Engineering and Informatics
The University of Aizu
Japan

Avner Meoded

Neuroimaging Research Fellow
NIH/NINDS
United States

CHRISTOPHER THOMAS WHITLOW

Associate Professor of Division of Radiologic Sciences
Department of Radiology
Wake Forest School of Medicine
United States

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France
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