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Articles Related to NI

Under Nutrition among People Aged 60 and Over in Southern Benin

The physical appearance of older people in the commune of Ouidah seems to be correlated with the economic level of the people. However, it is now clear that the nutritional status of older people is a key element for natural ageing and improved quality of life. Objective: To identify the factors associated with undernutrition among people aged 60 years and over in the commune of Ouidah in southern Benin. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical survey that took place between May and June 2020 and involved older people aged 60 and over selected by cluster sampling using a questionnaire and an interview guide. Their sociodemographic characteristics, health status, diet and the health system in their environment were explored.
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Virulence and Comparison of Methods for Detection of Biofilm Formation by Escherichia coli Isolated from Retail Meat in Tunisia

The virulent Escherichia coli strains are responsible for extraintestinal infections. However, no past studies have been undertaken via the presence of virulence genes, ability of biofilms formation and the frequency of Escherichia coli pathovars recovered from different butcheries and slaughterhouses in Tunisia. The aims of this study was to investigate 1-) the prevalence of pathogenic E. coli strains isolated from bovine, ovine, and poultry meat in Tunisia, 2-) to determinate the antibiotic resistance profiles, and 3-) to determine their biofilm-forming ability by three phenotypic methods .Totally, 36 E. coli isolates from meat of healthy animals (bovines, ovine, and chickens) collected from different butcheries and slaughterhouses were investigated by searching by PCR genes encoding virulence factors (hlyA, stx1, stx2, fimH, papC, eaeAet papG allèle III, ibeA, iutA, and antibiotic susceptibility testing. Biofilm production was detected by three phenotypic: Congo Red Agar (CRA) method, tube method (TM) and tissue culture plate (TCP) method. In addition, the genetic relationship of isolates was determined by PFGE.
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Utility of Limited Panel of Calretinin and BerEP4 in Cell Block Preparations in Effusion Cytology

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In Vitro Digestibility and Gas Production from E. crus-pavonis used in Wetlands from Domestic Wastewater Treatment

In order to evaluate the possibilities of valorisation as feed of the plant biomass produced during wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands, a study of the in vitro digestibility and gas production of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was carried out in the Laboratory of Animal Production and Nutrition of the University of Dschang. The in vitro digestibility of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was evaluated at different harvesting periods
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Global Correction of T10 Non-uniformity in mMR Breast Coil with Multiple Tube Phantom-based Technique and its Validation in Breast MRI: a Feasibility Study

Non-uniform native T1 (T10) distribution influences reliable measurement of Ktrans: a pharmacokinetic parameter (Ktrans) that quantitatively measures neovascularization of the tumor tissue that has been used for the classification of malignant breast lesions and to monitor therapy response.
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Stability Indicating Method Development and Validation for the Determination of Armodafinil in Pharmaceutical Tablet Dosage Form by RP-HPLC

The present research deals with the development of a stability indicating reverse phase HPLC with PDA detector method for the determination of Armodafinil Agilent XDB-C18, 150×4.6mm, 5µm or Equivalent column. The present research deals with the development of a stability indicating reverse phase HPLC with PDA detector method for the determination of Armodafinil Agilent XDB-C18,
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Suicidal Trends in Different Indian States: A Retrospective Study

Suicide is an act to intentionally end one’s life. District level suicide data were obtained from respective police stations for the year 2019-2020. Hanging is reported to be the most common strategy primarily on the grounds that materials for the hanging are easily available, followed by consumption of poison (primarily pesticide), drowning, burning, cut injury to wrist, drug overdose, alcohol overdose and fall from building. Present research showed that as indicated by sex, males are at high risk of committing suicide than that of females. The greatest number of suicide cases are reported for the age group of 31-40 years and the least can be seen in the age group below 10 years.
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Early Predictive Value of MR-proADM in Critically Ill Patients with Covid-19: An Observational Study in the Emergency Department

Since December 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has reached catastrophic proportions. Many patients required admission to the intensive care units (ICU), stressing the capacity of public health systems. The workload in the emergency departments (ED), especially the ICU, has dramatically increased, creating a pressing need to optimize resources through risk stratification for critically ill COVID-19 patients.
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Exploring the Behavioral Drivers of Antibiotic Prescription in Food Animal’s Practitioners

Irrational use of antimicrobials in food animals is reported as a primary cause of antibiotic resistance (AMR) at the animal human interface with detrimental public health implications. Veterinarians are the main player for antimicrobial usage in food producing animals (FPAs). Therefore, this study was aimed to explore the key determinants of antibiotic prescription behavior among FPAs practitioners and its public health implications. For the purpose, a pre-tested questionnaire was presented to FPAs veterinarians.
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Determination of the Physicochemical Properties of Singed Cowhide Meat Effluent from Akure Metropolis, Ondo State, Nigeria

Cowhide has been considered an alternative to meat for many years in Nigeria and other West-African countries. It is processed to be edible and deliciously inclusive in African recipes that call for assorted meats. The physicochemical properties assessed are pH, temperature, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), total solids (TS), turbidity, salinity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total alkalinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), electrical conductivity (EC) chloride, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate, color, and odor.
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Rare Adnexal Carcinomas: Series of Four Cases Treated at the Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca

Cutaneous adnexal carcinomas are rare cutaneous malignant adnexal tumors derived from eccrine and apocrine sweat glands, follicular structures and sebaceous glands. They represent less than 1% of cutaneous cancers Porocarcinoma and hidradenocarcinoma are two main types of eccrine sweat carcinomas of unknown pathogenesis characterized by their clinicopathological diversity.
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Correlation of Hemostatic Parameters with Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 (PARP-1) Polymorphisms, Mutations, Laboratory, and Clinical Characteristics in 114 Patients with Philadelphia-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (PN-MPN) are at a higher risk for venous thrombosis. Thromboelastometry may prove efficient to evaluate the patient’s thrombotic risk. In this study, based on data from 114 patients with PN-MPN from a single center in Greece, hemostatic profile was assessed with routine coagulation tests, Rotational Thromboelastometry (ROTEM® ), and Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA)-100 and correlated with clinical, laboratory, treatment characteristics, gene mutations and polymorphisms of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1)
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Wartenbergs syndrome or angiodynia. Ultrasound differentiation

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Association between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Severity and Platelet Values

To investigate the association between platelet values and COPD severity using linear variables in order to better explain and explore these correlations.
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ED Patients with Shock have only Few Clinical Characteristics Related to Etiology

The aim of this study is to describe clinical variables and comorbidities in patients with shock, at arrival to the emergency department, and evaluate the diagnostic validity for different shock etiologies. This was a retrospective cohort study with tertiary analysis of data previously published in two other studies. The study population was all patients with shock, arriving to the emergency department at Odense University Hospital between 2000 and 2011. Shock was defined as systolic blood pressure ≤100mmHg and one or more organ failures. Patients were grouped according to discharge diagnoses and this method was manually validated through patient records. The diagnostic value of 26 clinical variables and 10 comorbidities were described and tested.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to NI

Peter Lobie

Principal Investigator
Cancer Science Institute of Singapore
National University of Singapore
Singapore

Dilip K. Tosh

Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Institutes of Health
USA

Sabina Fijan

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Maribor
Slovenia

S. Peder Cuneo

Professor
Arizona Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
University of Arizona
United States

Abdul-Monim Batiha

Associate Professor
Faculty of Nursing
Philadelphia University
Jordan

Xiao-Jian Yao

Associate Professor
Department of Medical Microbiology
University of Manitoba
Canada

Zi-Jun Liu

Research Professor
Department of Orthodontics
School of Dentistry
University of Washington
United States

Şebnem Ozturkoglu Budak

Department of Dairy Technology
Faculty of Agriculture
University of Ankara
Turkey

Sachin S. Saboo

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
United States

Eugene S. Kim

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Southern California
United States
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