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Articles Related to Nigeria

Determination of the Physicochemical Properties of Singed Cowhide Meat Effluent from Akure Metropolis, Ondo State, Nigeria

Cowhide has been considered an alternative to meat for many years in Nigeria and other West-African countries. It is processed to be edible and deliciously inclusive in African recipes that call for assorted meats. The physicochemical properties assessed are pH, temperature, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), total solids (TS), turbidity, salinity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total alkalinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), electrical conductivity (EC) chloride, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate, color, and odor.
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Patterns of Tubal Abnormalities Responsible for Infertility in Makurdi, North-Central Nigeria

Infertility is a menace with untoward emotional, financial and sometimes traumatic consequences. This is a retrospective observational study with some interest concerning the epidemiology of tubal infertility in Nigeria. It is the experience of a single center that evaluates the outcome of HSG examination with the main objective of identifying tuberous occlusions at a private Imaging Centre in Makurdi.
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Overweight and Obesity and their Relationship with Glucose Dysregulation in the Nigerian Youth

Fasting plasma glucose is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease in obese children. This study aimed to evaluate the association between WC, BMI and WHtR and blood glucose in children.
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Effects of Planting Dates on Nutritional and Phytochemical Compositions of Onion Varieties Under Rain-fed and Irrigation Facilities in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Onion is a high-value vegetable consumed in Nigeria on a daily basis, and it forms an integral part of the diet, but the nutritional quality is low due to lack of appropriate cultural practices. The study examined the effects of planting dates on the nutritional quality of onion varieties in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Five onion varieties (Local white, a local red, karibou, gandiol+, and safari) were subjected into four different planting dates namely, two under rain-fed (early April and August) and two under irrigation (early September and November).
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The Development of Reference Values for Waist Circumference and Waist Height Ratios in Nigerian Youths 10-18 Years of Age

In Nigeria, indices predictive of adolescent central adiposity are lacking. This study aimed to develop age- and gender- specific cut-offs for WC and WHtR for Nigerian adolescents
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Eating Patterns, Dietary Diversity and the Nutritional Status of Children Residing in Orphanages in Southwestern Nigeria

The population of orphaned children is increasing at devastating levels especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Analysis of Rice Production and Consumption Trends in Nigeria

One of the overarching goals of Nigeria agriculture development programs and policies is increasing agricultural productivity for accelerated economic growth. Despite the various policies measures to increase crop production, domestic rice production has not been increased enough to meet the rising population of the country “Nigeria”.
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Palynological and Lithological Investigation of Forensic Materials at the University of Lagos, Nigeria: First Experimental Palynological Approach in Nigeria

Security agencies are always saddled with huge responsibilities of trying to establish evidences to link a suspect to a particular crime. But in most cases, there are always very limited physical evidences due to the complexity of the crime. However, forensic palynology provides a very good option, because pollen and spores from plants are very minute, ubiquitous in distribution and are seldom useful in recovery of vegetation of a certain locality. This present study aims to assess the feasibility of pollen, spores, and sand grains as associative evidences recovered from a suspect linked with a crime scene. Forensic materials including soil samples from foot wear, dirt from clothes, earlobes and nostrils were retrieved from the body of a suspect at a particular location in Nigeria. The retrieved materials were subjected to standard laboratory palynological, biochemical and lithological procedures. The dionex analysis (anion) and atomic absorption spectrometry (cation) shows great similarity in the results obtained with an exception to Zinc. A considerable similarity was observed in the potential of hydrogen and salinity values of soil samples from both the suspect and crime scene. The lithological data reveals a great correlation in the colour, grain size, grain sorting, and grain texture and grain shape of these two different soil samples. The palynological analysis yielded a recovery of palynomorphs including pollen of Elaeis guineensis, Alchornea cordifoliia, Cassia fistula, Syzygium guineense, Cyperus papyrus, Pteris species and Nephrolepis biserrata were also recovered. This reveals the potential of retrieved materials from the body of a suspect as good sources of pollen and spores. It is however important to corroborate the use of palynomorphs and sand grains with other lines of evidences in solving crime-related disputes.
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Interrelationships between Body Weight and Dimensional Shell Measurements of Giant African Land Snails (Archachatina marginata) in Calabar, Nigeria

Two hundred Archachatina marginata snails, one hundred each of A. marginata var. saturalis and A. marginata var. ovum with weights ranging from 33.10 – 349.00 g and 127.60 – 443.40 g, respectively sorted out of a base population were used for this study. Phenotypic traits measured on each of these snail varieties/strains included shell length, shell width, aperture length, aperture width, spiral length, spiral width, diagonal length, length between aperture and first spiral, number of whorls and body weight. Data collected were used to estimate phenotypic correlations between pairs of traits and to predict the relationship between body weight and other dimensional shell measurements (DSM). Results of phenotypic correlations between body weight and the DSM and between the DSM of the two A. marginata varieties showed that all the pairs of phenotypic traits investigated on A. marginata var. ovum expressed positive correlation values, while the pairs investigated on A. marginata var. saturalis showed both positive and negative correlation values. The regression estimates of parameters and coefficients of determination for the simple linear function of A. marginata var. ovum snails showed slightly high and very strong interrelationship between body weight and one phenotypic trait, while the multiple linear function for predicting body weight using four phenotypic traits showed highly significant and very strong interrelationship. In A. maginata var. saturalis snails, both the simple and multiple linear regression equations showed highly significant and very strong interrelationships between body weight and shell parameters. The range values of coefficient of determination showed that 78 to 100% of the variability in both snail strains body weights can be explained by changes in the considered dimensional shell parameters. Also, the linear functions with four and two parameters/traits best predicted the live weights of A. marginata var. saturalis and A. marginata var. ovum snails, respectively. Prediction results showed that explainable traits best predicted live weight when more than one phenotypic/shell trait were fitted into the regression functions.
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Nigeria’s E-Waste Management: Extended Producer Responsibility and Informal Sector Inclusion

This paper explores the emerging role of the private sector and public-private partnerships for e-waste management in the developing world. We use a combination of two conceptual frameworks, the triple bottom line approach and the sustainable livelihoods approach, to analyze the case study of the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) programme in Nigeria, which was launched in 2016. The sustainable livelihoods approach has been adopted in international development for over two decades, but so far it has not been applied for inclusion of informal sector workers in e-waste. Our findings illustrate how the financial and environmental bottom lines have already received considerable attention during the development of the Nigerian EPR programme, but that the social elements, in particular informal sector inclusion, have received less attention. Consequently, based on proven practices of the sustainable livelihoods approach, this paper identifies opportunities and provides recommendations as to how the international and national private sector players and government agencies involved in Nigeria’s e-waste EPR programme can establish a social engagement model to support inclusion of the informal sector. This model would not only help meet the financial and environmental bottom lines, but also address the social bottom line to improve livelihood outcomes for informal e-waste recyclers.
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Price Transmission and Signal of Cowpea across Zones and Value Chain in Niger State of Nigeria

This study investigated price transmission and signals of the three major urban cowpea markets and their respective adjunct rural market across the zones and value chain in Niger state of Nigeria using monthly time series data spanning from January 2003 to December 2016. The selected urban markets were Bida, Minna and Kontagora, and their adjunct markets were Lafene, Zungeru and Manigi, respectively.
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Sero-Detection of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in Blood Sample from Pigs, Obtained from Katsit Pig Market

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a single stranded, positive RNA virus belonging to the Hepeviridae family. HEV infection can cause an acute hepatitis that is self-limited. However, fulminant hepatic failure can occur in patients with underlying chronic liver disease, in the elderly, and in pregnant women. Genotypes 3 and 4 (HEV-3 and HEV-4) are present in humans and other animals, and are the main cause of autochthonous cases of hepatitis E in industrialized countries.
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The Human –Cat Relationship, Myths/Superstitions and its Consequences on Cat Ownership in Maiduguri, Northeastern Nigeria

A survey was designed to determine the human-cat relationship, myths/superstition and its consequences on cat ownership in Maiduguri, Nigeria. Close ended structured questionnaires were administered to 200 households randomly selected from four wards in Maiduguri. The response rate was 98.0%. Out of the 200 households, 196 (98.0%) participated, while 4 (2.0%) did not. Of the 196 households that took part in the survey, 168 (84.0%) owned cats while 28 (14.0%) did not. A total of 310 cats were owned by the 168 participating households. Elderly women owned 55.5% of the cats, while children and young ladies owned 35.0% and 3.5% respectively. Only 1 cat was neutered, while the remaining 309 (99.7%) were intact. The cats were kept for the purpose of companionship and rodent control. All the cats were of non-specific breed and had never been vaccinated against any specific disease(s). Some cat owners in Maiduguri believed in myths/superstitions associated with the domestic house cat. However, it was concluded that households in Maiduguri viewed keeping cats positively but did not provide the expected housing, feeding and medications as practiced in more advanced countries.
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Dietary Intake, Anthropometric Characteristics and Clinical Assessment of Elderly in Ondo State, Nigeria

This study was designed to assess the nutrition status of the elderly in Ondo State Nigeria. Random sampling techniques were used to select 1155 elderly for this study. Socio-demographic characteristics, clinical assessment, food consumption pattern, anthropometric measurements of the elderly were determined. Data entry and analysis were done with the use of scientific instruments. This involved the SPSS version 17. It detailed the analytical tools, including frequencies, percentage and correlations. The result showed that Intake of nutrients by the elderly was shown to be inadequate.
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Comparative Dynamics of DNA Isolated from Buccal Swab for Forensic Investigation “Pro and Post Brushing from Some Adult Males in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria”

The present study was performed to determine the quality and the quantity of DNA extracted from buccal swab at two intervals to compare the DNA quality and quantity before and after brushing. Five (5) healthy males where used in the study, ten (10) Buccal swabs where collected at two intervals, five (5) before brushing and five (5) after brushing commonly available samples and to estimate the DNA yield and purity from the various times of collection. The purity and the concentration of the extracted DNA were determined spectrophotometric analysis, and the adequacy of DNA extracts for the PCR-based assay was assessed by amplifying a 1030-bp region of the mitochondrial D-loop.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Nigeria

Ranjana Bhattacharjee

Molecular Geneticist
Bioscience Center
IITA, Ibadan
Nigeria

BENSON T. AKINGBEMI

Associate Professor
Department of of Anatomy
Auburn University
United States

SHITTU RASAQ OLATUNJI

Head of Department of HIV/AIDS and Family Medicine
Kwara State Specialist Hospital
Nigeria

Shyngle Kolawole Balogun

Professor
Faculty of Social Sciences
Department of Psychology
University of Ibadan
Nigeria

Emmanuel O. Akala

Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
Howard University Institutional Animal Care
United States
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