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Articles Related to Nutrition

Women Empowerment and the Nutrition Status of Children Aged Between 6-59 Months

Malnutrition remains a concern in the central province, despite being the most productive province in terms of Agriculture. Most studies in the province have not paid attention to the importance of women empowerment and the nutrition outcomes of the population. In light of this knowledge gap, this study focused on the Women’s empowerment and the nutrition status of children aged 6-59 months.
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The Relationship between Infertility and Nutrition

The problem of infertility could arise from the woman, the man or both of them and sometimes it could stem from without a reason. The reasons of male infertility could be varicocele, idiopathic infertility, obstruction, undescended testis, immunological mechanisms, ejaculation disorder, testicular insufficiency, medicine-radiation effect, endocrine disorders such as diabetes, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking and environmental toxins such as pesticides and lead.
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Effect of Father Involvement in Infant Feeding on Nutritional Status and Morbidity in Kisumu, Kenya

9060IntroductionObjective: Interventions promoting optimal breastfeeding could prevent 13%, while those promoting optimal complementary feeding could prevent another 6%, of deaths in countries with high mortality rates. This study determined the influence of father’s participation in promoting infant feeding on nutritional status and morbidity patterns in Kisumu East Sub County, Kisumu County.
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Metaphysical Analysis of the Nutritional and Therapeutic Value of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata L.)

Realistic assessment of the yield and nutritional value of baobab as well as the elucidation of its inhibitory action against oxidative stress were the targets of the study. An average baobab tree can yield 80kg fruits, 14kg pulp, 23kg seeds and 130kg leaves per year. Despite considerable variability, the leaves outstrip in mean Ca (1241 mg/100g dry sample), Fe (40mg/100g dry sample) and ß-carotene (135μg/100g dry sample) content.
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Impacts of Double Up SNAP Farmers’ Market Incentive Program on Fruit and Vegetable Access, Purchase and Consumption

Background and Objective: In response to low consumption levels of fruits and vegetables (F&V) by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants, the Community Food Bank of Southern Arizona created the Double Up SNAP (DUSP) farmers’ market (FM) incentive program to examine its impact on awareness of and access to FM, and F&V purchase and consumption in Pima County, AZ.
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A Nutrition and Physical Activity Education Model for Cancer Risk Reduction Improves Knowledge and Dietary Behaviors among Students in the Alabama Black Belt

An age-appropriate, culturally sensitive Nutrition and Physical Activity Education Model (NPAEM) for cancer risk reduction was developed and implemented. NPAEM was underpinned by the social-cognitive theory. Participants (N=86) were 8 to 11-year-old students from public elementary schools in Macon County, Alabama. The NPAEM comprised of 11 topics and activity/worksheets. Lesson plans, evaluation and hands-on activity/worksheets were developed. The 15-week intervention was cross-sectional, with a pre- and post-assessment design and weekly 45-minute lessons.
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Nutritional Status Assessment of Children with Nutritional Rickets Under Five Years at District Headquarter Hospital, Upper Dir- Pakistan

A cross- sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the children with rickets aged <5 years at District Headquarter Hospital, Upper Dir in which 50 children were included 33 (66%) male and 17 (34%) female. The study included anthropometric measurement (weight, height and head circumference), clinical presentation, radiographic findings, biochemical assessments, dietary status and information about exposure to sun. clinical results reveal that all children were having one or more clinical signs and symptoms of nutritional rickets including rachitic rosary (14%), widely open anterior fontanel (22%), widening of wrist (14%), bowing of legs (14%), chest infection (22%), diarrhea (10%), delayed eruption of teeth (24%), failure to thrive (10%), fits (4%), sweating (26%) and irritability (20%).
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Diet, Nutritional Status and School Performance of Schoolchildren in the District of Abidjan: Case of Yopougon and Bingerville

The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between food intake, nutritional status and good school performance among schoolchildren in the district of Abidjan. A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to April 2016 in 426 schoolchildren in Yopougon and Bingerville, two communes in the district of Abidjan. The nutritional status was defined starting from the BMI and calculated with Who Anthro Plus v1.0.4. The student and chi-square tests were used to compare the numbers and proportions. Binary and multiple logistic regressions have been used to see the association between good academic performance and the quality of food consumed and socio-demographic characteristics.
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Impact of Socioeconomic and Social Contexts on Youth Perceptions of School Nutrition Policy Development in Lebanon

School represents a proper place for health promotion among youth. This study aimed to explore the determinants of an eventual school nutrition policy (SNP) development by studying the perceptions of youth coming from different social contexts in Lebanon. It was a qualitative study conducted among 48 children and adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years in 8 schools (4 private and 4 public) in rural and urban Lebanese regions. An exhaustive integrated conceptual framework was used to explore the perceived determinants at different levels of action, namely individual, community/interpersonal and organizational. Directed and semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with youth. Data from this research have been submitted to a thematic qualitative analysis to identify barriers and facilitators of SNP development in Lebanon. Coding guide was based on the integrated comprehensive conceptual framework. Transcripts were coded and revised by the 2 researchers for common themes.
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Child Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Drought Affected Pastoralists in the Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and the associated risk factors in children within the age of 6-59 months.
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Preparation of Fibre Fortified Basundi Using Date Fruit (Phoenix dactylifera)

Fibre fortified basundi was prepared using different levels of dried crushed date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) with a view to optimize the process for its manufacture and to study its chemical, sensory and microbiological qualities. Initially the preliminary trials were conducted by blending of different levels of date fruit crush viz; 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12% in the basundi with 5% sugar to finalize the experimental treatments.
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Dietary Diversity Score: A Measure of Nutritional Adequacy or an Indicator of Healthy Diet?

At the time when the lack of indicators seemed to constrain appropriate child feeding in developing countries, dietary diversity score (DDS) emerged as a measure of nutritional adequacy that could close the gap. DDS refers to the number of food groups consumed in a given time, often in 24 hrs.
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Comparative Study on the Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Compositions of Sweet and Bitter Cassava Varieties for Garri Production

A comparative study on the proximate, mineral amino acid and anti nutritional compositions of sweet and bitter cassava varieties was done to ascertain the nutritional quality and safety after 72 h of fermentation for garri production.
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Health Food and Traditional Chinese Medicine in China

Like a drug for a purpose of treating or preventing a disease, a health food has to be scientifically evaluation and officially approved before it legally is marketed in China.
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Milk Production, Somatic Cell Count, Percentages Milk Fat and Milk Protein Measured in Lactating Dairy Goats Fed a Nutritional Supplement

Two replicate studies were conducted on a commercial goat dairy. The objective was to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with OmniGen-AF, a nutritional supplement that supports immune function in ruminants, on milk production, somatic cell count (SCC), percentages milk fat (%MF) and milk protein (%MP) in lactating dairy goats.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Nutrition

Theresa Loomis

Director
M.S.Nutrition and Dietetics Program
State University of New York
USA

Tamer El-Sayed Ali

Professor
Department of Oceanography
Alexandria University
Egypt

Baojun Xu

Associate Professor
Division of Science and Technology
Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University
United International College
China

Edralin A Lucas

Associate Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Oklahoma State University
United States

IRENE HATSU

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Science
The Ohio State University
United States

Mridula Chopra

Senior Lecturer
School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
University of Portsmouth
United Kingdom

Chong Lee

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition & Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Sanja Ilic

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Nutrition
The Ohio State University
United States

SEBASTIANO MERCADANTE

Director of Anesthesia & Intensive Care and Pain Relief & Supportive Care Unit
La Maddalena Cancer Center, Palermo
Italy

Sajjad Pourmozaffar

Assistant professor
Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute
Iran.
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