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Articles Related to Nutrition

A Web-Based Nutrition Education Study in Alabama Black-Belt Counties During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Overweight and obesity continue to be health-related issues in Alabama Black-Belt Counties with rates ranging from 35 to 48%. We aimed to determine the impact of a web-based nutrition education and physical activity intervention on participants’ health in Alabama Black Belt counties during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrition education was delivered to participants through a zoom online platform for 12 weeks. Participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices as well as changes in nutrition knowledge, anthropometry, and blood pressure were determined through online surveys. Of the participants, (100%) indicated that overweight and obesity are a result of unhealthy lifestyles, whereas 90.7% reported that obesity increased the risk of high blood pressure (90.7%), diabetes (86.04%), and heart disease (90.7%). Results showed that participants’ income was a significant determinant of their perception for the role of schools in fighting obesity (χ2=0.04). Similarly, data revealed that the age of participants was a significant factor for: their desire to learn more about obesity (χ2=0.04), perception of their knowledge of overweight and obesity compared to the average person (χ2=0.01), and the perception that they had an excellent knowledge of overweight and obesity (χ2=0.05). There were significant improvements in knowledge scores. Results showed a significant decline in waist circumference (p<0.001) and hip circumference (p<0.02); 60% of the participants showed a decline in bodyweight; 43% lost more than 1-5kg, while 9.8% maintained their baseline weight. Web-based virtual interactions may effectively substitute or complement face-face nutrition education and lead to a reduction of overweight and obesity in Alabama Black-Belt counties.
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PSII Photosystem Protection by Soil Amendment with Biochar and Adequate Nitrogen Fertilizer Availability Attenuate Cadmium Induced-Photoinhibition and Phytotoxicity in Solanum Lycopersicon

The aim of this research was to assess the biochar ability to protect the photosynthesis process face to Cd contamination, especially, when nitrogen fertilizer was added at adequate amount. Culture of tomato seedlings was conducted on pots containing soil added with different portion of biochar (0, 3.5 and 7%) and nitrogen (3 or 6g NH4NO3). Irrigation was done by water (control condition) or Cd solution (150µM). Data showed that regardless presence of Cd, synchronously addition of high nitrogen fertilizer (6g) and biochar (7%) in the culture medium resulted in fresh matter production, photosynthetic pigment (Chlorophyll a) and mineral elements content enhancement. Similar observation was shown concerning the mineral nutrition (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents).
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Impact of the Prognostic Nutritional Index on Quality of Life of Terminal Cancer Patients

When cancer is terminal and cancer-directed therapy has no value, the goal of treatment is to improve the quality of life (QoL). The current work proposed to assess the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on QoL in patients with terminal cancer
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Under Nutrition among People Aged 60 and Over in Southern Benin

The physical appearance of older people in the commune of Ouidah seems to be correlated with the economic level of the people. However, it is now clear that the nutritional status of older people is a key element for natural ageing and improved quality of life. Objective: To identify the factors associated with undernutrition among people aged 60 years and over in the commune of Ouidah in southern Benin. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical survey that took place between May and June 2020 and involved older people aged 60 and over selected by cluster sampling using a questionnaire and an interview guide. Their sociodemographic characteristics, health status, diet and the health system in their environment were explored.
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In Vitro Digestibility and Gas Production from E. crus-pavonis used in Wetlands from Domestic Wastewater Treatment

In order to evaluate the possibilities of valorisation as feed of the plant biomass produced during wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands, a study of the in vitro digestibility and gas production of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was carried out in the Laboratory of Animal Production and Nutrition of the University of Dschang. The in vitro digestibility of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was evaluated at different harvesting periods
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Nutrition State and Fertilization of Fusarium Wilt Resistant Banana (Zhongjiao No. 9)

To apply fertilizer rationally during promotion of Zhongjiao No.9 being a fusarium wilt resistant new variety, dry matter (DM) and NPK in four organs of the banana were tested. Average fresh and dry weight (FW and DW) of No.9 were 145.35±6.42 and 18.18± 0.70 kg plant-1.
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Nutritional Status and Cognitive Value of Egg White, Egg Yolk Whole Egg based Complementary Food

Prominent among animal proteins, Eggs are one of the only foods that naturally contain vitamin D and Choline, that are essential for normal physiology, psychology reasoning and functioning of all children cells, but particularly important during pregnancy to support healthy brain development of the foetus and it is liking to a Mothers ‘breast milk.
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Nutrition Intervention of Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis

We report the case of 27 years old, female patient suffering from CKD (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Dietary intervention was tailored for her using her past medical history and dietary intake. The dietary interventions were planned in 4 steps for 12 weeks that included nutritionally adequate food intake, Increase frequency of meals, modification & improvement in food preparation techniques, provision of educational material related to diet in dialysis.
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Physico-Chemical, Nutritional Evaluation, Haematology of Water and Amaranth Vegetable Leaves

Vegetables are important protective food and highly benefi¬cial for the maintenance of human health and prevention of disease. The purpose of the research was to determine the Physico- chemical, nutritional evaluation, haematology of water and amaranth vegetable leaves. The composition of the Diets were as follows: Basal 50 %, Casein 30 %, Amaranth Vegetable 10 % (1).
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Construct Validity and Reliability of a Knowledge, Attitude, Perception, and Behaviors on Dietary Practices Questionnaire for School-Age Children in Panama

The study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish questionnaire to assess nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors (KAPB) for use among school-aged children aged (6 - 10 years) in Panama.
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Effects of Planting Dates on Nutritional and Phytochemical Compositions of Onion Varieties Under Rain-fed and Irrigation Facilities in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Onion is a high-value vegetable consumed in Nigeria on a daily basis, and it forms an integral part of the diet, but the nutritional quality is low due to lack of appropriate cultural practices. The study examined the effects of planting dates on the nutritional quality of onion varieties in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Five onion varieties (Local white, a local red, karibou, gandiol+, and safari) were subjected into four different planting dates namely, two under rain-fed (early April and August) and two under irrigation (early September and November).
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Factors Contributing to Malnutrition among Under-Fives: A Survey of Mubende Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda

Over 90% of children with stunted growth are situated in Africa and Asia. Nearly 45% of deaths among under-fives in low and middle income countries are associated with under nutrition.
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Eating Patterns, Dietary Diversity and the Nutritional Status of Children Residing in Orphanages in Southwestern Nigeria

The population of orphaned children is increasing at devastating levels especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Nutritional Status of Under-5 Children of Forcibly Migrated People Living in Ukhia, Cox Bazar, Bangladesh

In today’s print and electronic media, terms like ‘forced migration’ and ‘refugee’ are some of the most frequently used words. Globally there have been an outrageously large number of forced migrations, rendering hundreds of thousands of people homeless and stateless. Starting with the Syrian war in 2011 to the latest round of military atrocity in Myanmar in August 2017, millions of people have sought refuge in neighboring countries. The Rohingya is a group of refugees from Myanmar who have been residing in Bangladesh since the 1970s. At present, there is no published information on health and nutritional status of refugee children in Bangladesh. This study was conducted to assess nutritional status of the Rohingya children aged 6 months to 5 years old (n=114). Children were measured for weight and height while their guardians were interviewed. About 86% of the Rohingya children were underweight, 64.9% stunted, 82.1% thin and 1.8% at risk of overweight. Severe acute malnutrition (MUAC<11.5 cm) children was 68.5%. As refugees have limited access to health care services, they are at greater risk of health and nutritional problems. This study sheds light on the refugee under-5 children situation through a nutrition lens.
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Are Insects a Good Alternative in Human Food?. Nutritional Value

Entomophagy refers to the dietary intake of insects and supplements practiced by millions of people worldwide. It has always been present in the eating behaviours of regions in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Entomophagy is on the rise both in the feeding of humans and in animal feed. Insects are powerful bio converters that can transform the low quality biomass of nature into proteins of high nutritional value. The recent introduction of the consumption of insects in new types of restaurants and supermarket chains in Western cultures has led us to conduct a review of the subject to see if the myths our Western conceptions can be overcome.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Nutrition

OMAR A. OBEID

Professor of Human Nutrition
Department of Nutrition and Food Science
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Kathy K Isoldi

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Long Island University
United States

Yunus Dogan

Professor
Buca Faculty of Education
Dokuz Eylul University
Turkey

Mridula Chopra

Senior Lecturer
School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
University of Portsmouth
United Kingdom

Masayoshi Yamaguchi

Adjunct Professor
Department of Hematology and Biomedical Oncology
Emory University School of Medicine
United States

Shirley Mcilvenny

Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition
National Institute of Integrative Medicine
Australia

Jyotsna Sharman

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Human Performance
Radford University
United States

Vladimir W. Spolsky

Associate Professor
Division of Public Health & Community Dentistry
School of Dentistry
University of California
United States

Krystyna Gutkowska

Professor
Department of Human Nutrition
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Poland

Yanyan Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences
Montclair State University
United States
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