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Articles Related to OCT

Physician and Patient Perspective to Weight Gain in Pregnancy

Gaining weight outside of the Institute of Medicine guidelines puts a woman and her foetus at an increased risk. Limited or incorrect information is being provided to women during antenatal care. Research shows that physicians do not perceive this as an important issue. We aimed to assess both physician and patient perspective to weight gain in pregnancy as well as assessing physicians current practice to weight management. 71% of women want to be given a target weight to gain during pregnancy; 87% want to be told if they are gaining an inappropriate amount of weight. 87.5% of physicians believe that weight management is important; 31.2% advise patients about weight gain.
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Bubonic Plague Outbreak Investigation in the Endemic District of Tsiroanomandidy - Madagascar, October 2014

Plague remains a major public health problem in Madagascar. Faced with reports of plague cases and deaths in Tsiroanomandidy district, we performed an investigation in October 2014.Our aim was to describe the plague outbreak and to improve the national plague control strategies. We used the National plague control program case definition. We identified cases from outpatient registers and collected socio-demographic and clinical information. Plague circulation was determined through a retrospective environmental survey of rodents and vectors.
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Derivation of Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS)-like Cells from Microminipig Somatic Cells by Sendai Viral Transduction of 4 HumanG, OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC

Research on the stem cell biology of the minipig is rapidly developing. Although research on mouse and human stem cells currently predominates over that in other species, data from these species have provided a good foundation for current and future porcine stem cell research. In addition, the increasing popularity of alternate-species models in the study of human diseases and disease mechanisms has spurred porcine stem cell research. As a source of pluripotent embryonic stem cells, the pig presents several challenges as compared with mice and humans.
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Radiation Awareness amongst Junior Doctors

Recent literature has suggested that junior doctors’ knowledge of ionising radiation is inadequate. Advances in technology and availability have led to of these investigations being readily requested. Exposure is associated with adverse risks especially malignancy; therefore in accordance with the Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposures) Regulation (IR(ME)R), clinicians should be aware of radiation doses and their legal responsibility as referrers.
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Hirschsprung’s Disease in Adult Treated by Coloprotectomy and Colo-Anal Anastomosis

Hirschsprung’s disease is a rare pathology Most cases become manifest during the neonatal period, but in rare instances, the disease is initially diagnosed in adult patients.
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Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Efficient Clinical Outcome through Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare myocardial ischemic disease that threatens patients’ life. Various risk factors are associated with SCAD, such as smoking, severe hypertension and psychological reasons. Considering the formation of dissection, SCAD can be divided into intimal tear type or intraluminal hemorrhage type.
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Chromosomal Aberrations and HMGA2 Expression in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Somatic, inactivating PIGA mutations in haematopoietic stem cells, followed by an unknown autoimmune selection process in favor of the mutated clone, are thought to be important events in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). Recently, a second clonal event involving the HMGA2 gene was reported in some PNH cases, and over expression of this gene was postulated to promote proliferation of the mutated clone.
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Postoperative Chylothorax: Is Octreotide A Valid Therapy?

Chylothorax is an extremely rare and serious complication of cardiac surgery, with a poor outcome unless treated at the right time and in the right way. We report a case of a 76-year-old female who developed chylothorax after coronary artery bypass grafting.
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Unusual Large Ethmoidal Osteoma with Orbital Extension

Large osteomas of the fronto-ethmoidal cavities are very rare benign tumors. Headache and ocular signs are the most common symptoms. Imaging allows the diagnosis. Treatment of ethmoid sinus osteoma is surgical. One case with orbital extension is reported and discussed. A 30 years-old male; complaining of swelling of themedial angle of the right eye. Computed tomography showed a right ethmoidal process with orbital extension. The tumor was removed through an external ethmoidectomy.
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Review on Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems

Recently, transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) has become a more and more important approach to administering drugs. Based on its advantages, which are not achievable by other modes of administration, many researchers are dedicated to the study of it, and have made great progress. Although the skin offers a painless interface for systemic drug delivery, it also presents limitations which are mainly caused by the stratum corneum.
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The Association of Grades of Photoreceptor Inner Segment-Ellipsoid Band Disruption with Severity of Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

A prospective case-control study was undertaken to evaluate the association of inner segment-ellipsoid (ISel) band disruption with severity of diabetic retinopathy on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. ISel disruption was graded as - grade 0: intact ISel; grade 1: focal disruption (subfoveal ISel disruption) and grade 2: global disruption (ISel disruption involving macular cube). Increased severity of diabetic retinopathy was found to be associated with increase in disruption of ISel (r = 0.49, p < 0.001).
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Feasibility Analysis of Autogenous Tooth-based Bone Graft Material after Guided Bone Regeneration Technique

We set out to determine the possibility of radiographically evaluating the degree of marginal bone loss in humans after functional loading of implants at sites of guided bone regeneration (GBR) with autogenous tooth-based bone graft (ATBBG) material (AutoBT®, Korea Tooth Bank, Seoul, Korea).
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Editorial Board Members Related to OCT

Bin Zhou

Scientist
J. Craig Venter Institute
United States

George K. Paraskevas

Associate Professor
Department of Anatomy
Faculty of Medicine
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Greece

Zafar Said

Assistant Professor
Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering (SREE) Department
University of Sharjah
UAE

Michael Zhuo Wang

Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The University of Kansas
United States

Songon An

Assistant Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Maryland Baltimore County
United States

Philip D. Cotter

Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of California San Francisco
United States

Mohsen Meydani

Professor
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

JIANGUO ZHAO

Professor of “100 talent” at the Institute of Zoology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
China

Adolfo Antonio Gutiérrez

Professor
National University of Tucumán
School of Natural Sciences and IML
Argentina

Shirley Mcilvenny

Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition
National Institute of Integrative Medicine
Australia
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