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Articles Related to Outcome

Optimizing Outcomes with Multifocal Intraocular Lenses

Current present-day cataract surgery evolves from a visual restoration to a refractive approach. Greater independence from glasses and improvement of the quality of life were provided after surgery with the appearance of multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOLs). Since its creation in the 1980s, MFIOLs has undergone various technical improvements, including trifocal implants and implants with extended depth of vision. Excellent results were achieved thorough preoperative check, including the visual needs of the patients and the inherent eye anatomy. This analysis offers a broad overview of the various types of Mf-IOLs and rules for optimizing results through full preoperative screening and treatment postoperatively complications.
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Rehabilitation Outcomes under Precaution-Free Management for Dislocation after Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty with a Conjoined Tendon Preserving Posterior Approach: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Early rehabilitation after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) requires risk management for postoperative dislocation. Since April 2018, BHA has been performed at our hospital using a conjoined tendon-preserving posterior (CPP) approach, which preserves the piriformis and short rotator muscles (the gemellus superior, the obturator internus and the gemellus inferior) and dissects only the external obturator.
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Pathology of Non-Fatal Asphyxia and the Risk of Fatal Outcome in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence

The victims of intimate partner violence are subjected to emotional, physical and/or sexual abuse. The physical abuse often includes episodes of mechanical asphyxia and its most frequent mechanisms: throttling and strangulation. Non-fatal asphyxia situations have signs, symptoms and short-term or long-term consequences whose severity varies according to the intensity, duration and number of episodes.
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Interleukins Indicators Impacting the Outcomes of Ischemic Stroke

A prospective clinical cohort study covers 108 IS patients. 93 (86,1%) patients were released from the hospital with improvements, but 15 (13,9%) patients did not survive. The study was carried out in the most acute (1st day of hospitalization) and acute (7 days of hospitalization) phases of the IS. The level of interleukins in blood serum was defined by enzyme immunoassay method.
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Oral Carcinoma in Young-Clinico-Pathological Profile and Survival Outcomes in a North Indian Population

To study the prevalence, clinico-pathological profile and survival outcome of oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients (<40 years).
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Functional Outcomes of Stapes Surgery with Titanium and Teflon Prosthesis: Randomized Controlled Trial

Prosthesis material and design is thought to have a role in effective sound transmission, rate of complications and success of stapes surgery. Titanium has been shown to be a promising material in this regard. We compared the intra-operative events, complication rate and the hearing outcomes results of stapes surgery using titanium versus fluoroplastic piston prosthesis.
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The Effect of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality on Cardiac Arrest Outcome

Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in USA, nearly 90% of them fatal and Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), especially if administered immediately after cardiac arrest, can double or triple a person’s chance of survival. CPR by training persons increases the frequency the survival rate. Therefore, we aim to look into the common pitfalls that both medical students and genior physicians face in the recognition and dealing Compression in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with its outcome.
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Clinicopathological Pattern and Treatment Outcomes of Acute Bowel Obstruction at a Rural Kenyan Hospital

Acute intestinal obstruction is a leading cause of emergency surgical admissions worldwide. The pattern of clinical presentation, pathology and outcome of intestinal obstruction vary with geographical location even within the same country. The aim of this study was to identify the clinico-pathological pattern and treatment outcomes of patients with acute mechanical and functional intestinal obstruction managed at Nyeri county referral hospital in central Kenya between 2008 and 2013.
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Non-Polio Enterovirus Meningitis in Children-Clinical Spectrum, Viral Serotypes and Outcome: Unusual Community Outbreak Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre from Oman

Enterovirus meningitis is one of the commonest viruses causing meningitis in children which is underdiagnosed. The epidemiology of EV infections is not well studied in the Middle East and Arab Gulf Region. No Study was conducted in Oman to explore more about viral meningitis. This study will help to review enterovirus meningitis in order to guide management and patient care in Oman and will help to decrease the cost of treatment by avoiding unnecessary investigations.
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Drug Therapy Problems and Clinical Outcomes Among Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) Positive Breast Cancer on Trastuzumab-Based Therapy in a Kenyan Tertiary Health Facility

Breast cancer ranks first among the most commonly diagnosed cancers in Kenyan females and globally. Treatment is challenging because it is a heterogeneous disease with several subtypes. There has been a significant change in the treatment of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) positive breast cancer subtypes following the introduction and widespread use of HER2 targeted therapies.
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Outcome of Impedance Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation (Novasure) for the Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Women with Scarred Uterus

26 women with HMB and scarred uterus were included in the study. Data regarding procedure completion, complications, hospital stay, success rate and failure of procedure necessitating hysterectomy was obtained. The majority of the patients had one C/S, 5 had two, one had 3 and two had 4 previous C/S scars. The procedure was completed in 84% of cases. Success rate was 68% (15/22) in the scarred uterus group and 32% (31.8%) (7/22) needed hysterectomy due to continuing heavy periods or pain. One woman in the scarred uterus group had uterine perforation (3.8%) needing overnight admission, all the rest of cases were done as a day procedure. A third (7/22)(32%) of women required a hysterectomy for persistent heavy bleeding or pelvic pain, all were with previous one C/S. The histology of the removed uterus confirmed leiomyomas with or without adenomyosis in all the cases explaining the possible cause of failed Novasure ablation.
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Comparison of Outcomes Following Revisional Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

The number of bariatric procedures being performed worldwide has increased markedly over the past two decades and this has led to revisional bariatric surgery being increasingly performed.
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Long-Term Outcome of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in Early Adulthood: Clinical Experience from a Saudi Tertiary Hospital

To report the long-term outcome including disease activity, damage and social status, quality of life at the last follow-up visit in a Saudi cohort of adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to determine the predictive factors.
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Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM): Short Term Motor Outcome of Hospital Admitted Patients

Introduction: Among the neuroinflammatory disorder of CNS, Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a multifocal, subacute or acute onset disease that has got current interest of neurologists for its better outcome. Very few studies have been carried out on ADEM particularly in adults of our country. So we performed the study to describe short term motor outcome of hospital admitted ADEM patients.
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Management, Clinical Course and Treatment Outcome of Postpartum Uterine Atony

By reporting a case series from a referral hospital we aimed to determine the treatment options and outcomes of one of the serious complications of the labour uterine atony refractory to the medical treatment. In this study, a total of 58 postpartum uterine atony cases refractory to uterotonic treatment and managed with intrauterine balloon tamponade, B-Lynch suture, internal iliac artery ligation or hysterectomy was a retrospectively analyzed. Initially, thirty two cases managed with intrauterine Bakri balloon tamponade and six B-Lynch compression sutures alone, in eight cases both procedures were done together. Eight cases managed with internal iliac artery ligation and four hysterectomies. Our success rate with intrauterine Bakri balloon tamponade, B-Lynch compression suture and internal iliac artery ligation were 84.4%, 83.3%, 75% respectively in stopping postpartum haemorrhage regarding uterine atony and the most successfull rate was obtained with the Bakri balloon tamponade in the combination with B-Lynch compression suture 87.5%. The median estimated blood loss was 2018ml, intraoperative median hemoglobin was 5.8 mg/dl and the median amount of blood transfused was five units, the median volume infused into balloon was 285ml; balloon was in place for a median duration of 36 hours. In 6 cases Bakri balloon tamponade with or without B-Lynch compression sutures failed to stop haemorrhage and hysterectomy required. In two patients Asherman’s syndrome and infertility, in two patients’ amenore were developed and uterine prolapse was observed in 2 patients, one of which was uterine necrosis. No maternal mortality was observed.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Outcome

Bingshan Li

Assistant Professor
Center for Human Genetics Research
Vanderbilt University
United States

Joseph Pergolizzi

Adjunct Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
United States

Chandan Saha

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics
School of Medicine
Indiana University
United states

Subash Sad

Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology
University of Ottawa
Canada

Nathan Newman

Associate Professor of Athletic Training
Athletic Training Program Director
Drake University
USA

David Ilki Min

Professor
Pharmacy Practice and Administration
Western University of Health Sciences
United States

JOHN B. SAMPSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States

GEORGE E. WOODY

Professor
Department of Psychiatry
University of Pennsylvania and Treatment Research Institute
United States

Tatjana Rundek

Professor
Miller School of Medicine
University of Miami
United States

Yu-Hsuan Joni Shao

Associate professor
Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics
Taipei Medical University
Taiwan
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