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Articles Related to Pediatric

The Incidence and Durability of Compensatory Hypertrophy in Pediatric Patients with Solitary Kidneys

To evaluate the incidence and durability of compensatory hypertrophy with solitary kidneys in the setting of those with multicystic dysplastic kidney or Wilms tumor status post nephrectomy. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) and Wilms tumor (WT). MCDK patients were verified by sonographic findings prenatally. WT patients entered our study at time of nephrectomy. We compared the natural history of hypertrophy between the two cohorts via renal length measurement. We performed linear regression to predict creatinine clearance from renal length after adjusting for age and cohort status (MCDK v. WT).
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Pediatric Patient with a Celiac Crisis (Rare Presentation of a Common Disease) Case Report and Literature Review

Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic chronic immune-mediated disorder that is associated with weight loss, diarrhea, and laboratory abnormalities. Celiac disease (CD) is a disease in which the mucosal lining of the small intestine is damaged in response to the ingestion of gluten and similar proteins, which are found in wheat, oats, rye, barley and other grains. Children with CD are very common [1].
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Use of Cranial Computed Tomography in Minor Head Trauma Cases Under Two Years of Age

Patients under two years of age who were admitted Emergency Department (ED) within three months due to MHT and who underwent cranial CT scan were included in the study. Trauma mechanisms, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, symptoms (crying/unrest, vomiting, to refuse eating, drowsiness, loss of consciousness) and clinical signs (hyperemia/ecchymosis, abrasion, skin laceration, cephalohematoma, fontanel bulging) were retrospectively screened.
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Retrospective Drug Use pattern of Antibiotics in Pediatric Ward of Shenan Gibe Hospital, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Antibiotics are one of the most widely used groups of drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs represents one of the most important advances in therapeutics. Irrational and uncontrolled use of these agents both in developing and developed countries has resulted in an evolution of resistant strains in addition to a poor health outcome. Despite this fact, antimicrobial agents are vastly over-prescribed in the inpatient setting and the availability of antimicrobial agents without prescription in many developing countries. The use antimicrobial agents in Infants and children have become a routine practice for the treatment of pediatric illness and it needs study to show the status and pattern of antimicrobial in this age group is critical hence they are most vulnerable population groups to counteract illness
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Evaluation of Prognostic Factors and Survival Results in Pediatric Hodgkin’s Lymphoma-single center experience from Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey

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Headaches Prevalence in Childhood and Adolescence at Pediatric Neurology Service in Salvador - Brazil

Headache is among the main pediatric symptom and the physicians should meet the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society. In a cross-sectional study, during August 2015 to August 2016, the types of headaches and the sociodemographic profile of patients between 4 and 18 years of age were evaluated. The headache patients were previously diagnosed and followed at the Pediatric Neurology Service of Salvador, according to established criteria. The study was approved by Research Ethics Committee and it was carried out with the application of a specific questionnaire. In the overall study population (N = 58) were detected: primary headache migraine type that incapacitated the daily activities in 34/58 (58.6%) and the socioeconomic profile showed the family income below two salaries (in Real currency) in 38/58 (65.5%) of the population. As observed in adults, the headaches constitute a disabling diagnosis and it is impactful in the development of activities of daily living in the age group of this study, corroborating the literature on the importance of early diagnosis and therapy.
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Clinical Utility of Triglyceride: HDL-Cholesterol Ratio as a Surrogate Marker of Inflammation in Pediatric Obesity

The prognostic utility of the triglyceride: HDL-cholesterol (TG:HDL-C) ratio, a marker for insulin resistance, is unknown among high-risk children and adolescents. We examined the clinical utility of TG:HDL-C ratio as a marker of insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in obese youth.
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Decision-making in the Management of Badly Decayed First Permanent Molars in Children and Adolescents

To report the decision making in management of badly decayed First Permanent Molars (FPMs) in children and adolescents among clinical consultants (specialists) and pediatric dentists at King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Retinoblastoma: A Retrospective Study of 27 Cases in University Hospital of Lubumbashi-RDC

We conducted a retrospective study on 27children with retinoblastoma in the Lubumbashi University Hospital between January 2008 and October 2012. Al cases were diagnosis clinically and 11 cases were confirmed by histology.
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Paediatric Radiotherapy in Morocco

In Morocco, through the finding of the Casablanca population-based registry, all cancers are estimated at 35000 new cases par year and 3.2% are aged less or equal 20 years.
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A Rare Coexistence: Omphalomesenteric Remnant with Appendix and Caecum Duplication

The nutrition source of developing embryo at early stages is the omphalomesenteric duct which obliterates latter. Failure of this obliteration process brings on omphalomesenteric remnants.
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Kawasaki Disease Presented with Meningitis in an Egyptian Adolescent

An Egyptian male adolescent 12 years old presented with fever, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting for 3 days. He had convulsion on admission. Physical examination revealed positive meningeal signs.
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Disseminated Cutaneous Mycobacterium Chelonae Infection in a 9.5-Year-Old Girl with Diabetes

Mycobacterium chelonae is a fast growing mycobacteria that mainly causes localized cutaneous infections. Disseminated cutaneous infections are quite exclusively seen in immunosuppressed individuals. We present a case of disseminated cutaneous infection in a young diabetic patient.
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Outcomes after Pediatric Fundoplication: Defining the Redo Population

The aims were to compare outcome variables in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and one Nissen fundoplication to children with redo fundoplications and define the pediatric redo population.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Pediatric

Khue Vu Ngyen

Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics
University of California
USA

RAJU C. SHAH

Professor
Department of Pediatrics
GCS Medical College
India

SIBYLLE KRANZ

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition Science
Purdue University
United States

Erich Cosmi

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Woman and Child Health
University of Padua
Italy

Fayez M. Bany-Mohammed

Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of California
United States

Jing Yang

Associate Professor
Department of Comparative Biosciences
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
United States

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

GIUSTI CRISTIANO

Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
University Hospital “Campus Bio-Medico”
Italy

Kwang-Hyun Baek

Department of Biomedical Science
CHA University
Republic of Korea

Julie Teruya-Feldstein

Director
Hematopathology
Immunohistochemistry Laboratory
United States
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