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Articles Related to Pediatric

Iatrogenic Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children: a Case Report

Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the important causes of pediatric airway obstruction, and the etiology can be classified as congenital and acquired. With the widespread use of tracheal intubation and tracheotomy in pediatric emergency, iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually replacing trauma and infection as the major cause of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis [1]. Nowadays, open surgery is the first choice for severe laryngotracheal stenosis cases [1,2]. Here, we describe a case of childhood iatrogenic severe laryngotracheal stenosis, and the reflection on the current treatment methods of children with laryngotracheal stenosis.
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Giant Ureteral Stone in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report

A 9 year old boy refered to the hospital with abdominal pain insisting for 2 weeks. In his history there was any clinic symptom before. A giant opasification was detected in the distal part of the right ureter on plain abdominal film. Hematuria, hyperuricosuria, hyperoxaluria and hypocitraturia in his urinary analysis. Only a small right kidney (right kidney: 62x25mm; left kidney: 100x35mm) has found in the abdominal ultarsonography and an approximately a stone 42x17mm in seizes has detected in the magnetic resonance urography.
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CNS Gliosis not Neoplasia in Kabuki Syndrome: A Case Report of a Brain ‘Tumor

An eight-year-old boy with Kabuki Syndrome (KS) and an enlarging CNS mass is presented. The ‘tumor’ was discovered incidentally during MR imaging for a behavioral disorder and was located within the left globus pallidus. Retrospective review of previous MRIs showed no abnormality in the basal ganglia seven years earlier but a small region (a few pixels) of increased in T2 signal intensity three years earlier.
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Proposed Perioperative Guidelines for Selective Infectious Diseases in the Pediatric Population

It is essential for practitioners to recognize the pathophysiology of commonly presenting infectious diseases and their mode of transmission. This allows healthcare workers to provide a safe perioperative experience for the patient as well as engage in appropriate infection control practices. There are a number of noteworthy pediatric respiratory infections, such as the novel coronavirus, known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and pulmonary tuberculosis.
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Remineralization Activities of Bioactive Materials and Nanotechnological Products Used in Pediatric Dentistry

Tooth decay is a progressive disease caused by acid fermentation of carbohydrates by pathogenic microorganisms in the mouth, leading to demineralization of teeth.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Inhalation of “Borax” and Risk of Severe Stridor

Stridor in children is not uncommon reason to visit emergency department and usually due to croup but inhalation of toxic substance may cause severe stridor which is uncommon
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Enteric Duplication Cyst in Infant: Case Report and Literature Review

Congenital malformations can go unnoticed and have an impact on morbidity and mortality in early stages of life being a cause of infant death in some countries [1]. Malformations of the gastrointestinal tract occupy the second place among congenital abnormalities [2]. Along with them, the enteric duplication cyst is an infrequent anomaly difficult to diagnose specially for a non-specialist physician that is not use to attend this kind of pathologies or in hospitals where patients with this entities are infrequent. We present the case of a 5-month-old patient who underwent intestinal resection due to enteric duplication cyst.
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Pediatric Patient with a Celiac Crisis (Rare Presentation of a Common Disease) Case Report and Literature Review

Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic chronic immune-mediated disorder that is associated with weight loss, diarrhea, and laboratory abnormalities. Celiac disease (CD) is a disease in which the mucosal lining of the small intestine is damaged in response to the ingestion of gluten and similar proteins, which are found in wheat, oats, rye, barley and other grains. Children with CD are very common [1].
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Use of Cranial Computed Tomography in Minor Head Trauma Cases Under Two Years of Age

Patients under two years of age who were admitted Emergency Department (ED) within three months due to MHT and who underwent cranial CT scan were included in the study. Trauma mechanisms, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, symptoms (crying/unrest, vomiting, to refuse eating, drowsiness, loss of consciousness) and clinical signs (hyperemia/ecchymosis, abrasion, skin laceration, cephalohematoma, fontanel bulging) were retrospectively screened.
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Retrospective Drug Use pattern of Antibiotics in Pediatric Ward of Shenan Gibe Hospital, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Antibiotics are one of the most widely used groups of drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs represents one of the most important advances in therapeutics. Irrational and uncontrolled use of these agents both in developing and developed countries has resulted in an evolution of resistant strains in addition to a poor health outcome. Despite this fact, antimicrobial agents are vastly over-prescribed in the inpatient setting and the availability of antimicrobial agents without prescription in many developing countries. The use antimicrobial agents in Infants and children have become a routine practice for the treatment of pediatric illness and it needs study to show the status and pattern of antimicrobial in this age group is critical hence they are most vulnerable population groups to counteract illness
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Evaluation of Prognostic Factors and Survival Results in Pediatric Hodgkin’s Lymphoma-single center experience from Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey

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Headaches Prevalence in Childhood and Adolescence at Pediatric Neurology Service in Salvador - Brazil

Headache is among the main pediatric symptom and the physicians should meet the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society. In a cross-sectional study, during August 2015 to August 2016, the types of headaches and the sociodemographic profile of patients between 4 and 18 years of age were evaluated. The headache patients were previously diagnosed and followed at the Pediatric Neurology Service of Salvador, according to established criteria. The study was approved by Research Ethics Committee and it was carried out with the application of a specific questionnaire. In the overall study population (N = 58) were detected: primary headache migraine type that incapacitated the daily activities in 34/58 (58.6%) and the socioeconomic profile showed the family income below two salaries (in Real currency) in 38/58 (65.5%) of the population. As observed in adults, the headaches constitute a disabling diagnosis and it is impactful in the development of activities of daily living in the age group of this study, corroborating the literature on the importance of early diagnosis and therapy.
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Clinical Utility of Triglyceride: HDL-Cholesterol Ratio as a Surrogate Marker of Inflammation in Pediatric Obesity

The prognostic utility of the triglyceride: HDL-cholesterol (TG:HDL-C) ratio, a marker for insulin resistance, is unknown among high-risk children and adolescents. We examined the clinical utility of TG:HDL-C ratio as a marker of insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in obese youth.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Pediatric

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

Fayez M. Bany-Mohammed

Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of California
United States

Haider Abdul-Lateef Mousa

Professor
Department of Medical Microbiology
University of Basrah, Iraq
Basrah, Iraq.

Erich Cosmi

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Woman and Child Health
University of Padua
Italy

JUAN CARLOS SALAZAR

Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Physician in Chief Connecticut Children’s Medical Center
Academic Director, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and
Director of the Pediatric and Youth HIV Program
United States

Miles Weinberger

Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Iowa Cystic Fibrosis Center
United States

MASSIMO RUGGE

Professor
Department of Pathology
Padova University
Italy

Antonio Simone Lagana

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Messina
Italy

MARCO CARUSELLI

Pediatric Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit
La Timone Children’s Hospital
France

Huda Faleh Gharaibeh

Associate Professor
Maternal Child Health Department
Faculty of Nursing
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan
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