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Articles Related to Rehabilitation

Novel Evidences of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Spasticity

Spasticity is defined as ‘a disorder of sensorimotor control, resulting from an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion, presenting as intermittent or sustained involuntary activation of muscles’. It is characterized by increased involuntary velocity-dependent tonic stretch reflexes (muscle tone) with exaggerated tendon jerks, resulting from hyper-excitability of the stretch reflex. In the recent years,a range of non-pharmacological interventions has been used to manage spasticity. Among the novel of all therapies, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is attractive for many researchers since the noninvasive, easy application after well training and afety property. Moreover, the evidences of regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues made ESWT more interesting than other novel therapies.This article will show the evidences, practical clinical use and precaution to guide treating for the clinicians in the novel therapy of ESWT for spasticity. The review of the scientific evidences including methodology components and main results of ESWT treatment on upper limb and lower limb muscles affected by post-stroke spasticity are demonstrated. However, reducing spasticity alone without addressing the negative components of the upper motor neuron syndrome will limit meaningful recovery. A combination of rehabilitation techniques is needed to facilitate functional improvements.
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Cannabis abuse and self-mutilation

Self-mutilating patient is an unusual psychiatric patient in the emergency department. An underlying cause for this psychiatric condition should be known for rehabilitation after saving the life of the patient. Drug abuse is very common and important cause should be searched for in these cases.
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Quality of Life in Different Male Offender Groups – Possible Underlying Effects of Intelligence and Psychopathic Tendencies

The role of psychopathic tendencies and intelligence on Quality of life (QoL) ratings in different male offender groups was explored. Participants were 199 Swedish males with a history of criminality at age 11-14 and matched controls from the longitudinal project Young Lawbreakers as Adults.
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Shaker Exercise Rehabilitation in Head and Neck Cancer and Stroke Patients with Dysphagia - A Pilot Study

Dysphagia is a common sequela post (chemo) radiotherapy ([C]RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) and after stroke. The Shaker maneuver is a promising rehabilitative exercise for improvement of swallowing function by means of strengthening neck musculature.
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Changes in Heart Function in Patients with Heart Failure after the Completion of Land-Based and Partial Water-Based Exercise Programmes

Opinion is divided as to the changes in ventricular function brought about by exercise, with few studies on water-based exercise programmes for heart-failure patients. This study investigates whether following a partial water-based exercise programme could lead to an earlier improvement in ventricular function in heart-failure patients compared with a land-based exercise programme.
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Wake-up Strokes Are Similar to Known-Onset Morning Strokes in Severity and Outcome

Stroke symptoms noticed upon waking, wake-up stroke, account for up to a quarter of all acute ischemic strokes. Patients with wake-up stroke, however, are often excluded from thrombolytic therapy.
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Vocational Decision-Making and Rehabilitation Following Paediatric Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: An Illustrative Case Study Analysis

Within traumatic-injury populations, adjustment following the suffering of a permanent impairment such as a traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (tSCI) follows quite a different path (and has quite different longer term participation outcomes) when the individual involved is a child or adolescent, and not an adult.
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The Infanticide: Some Forensic and Ethical Issues

Forensic investigation and clinical treatment of infanticide mother is an occasion to reflect about the social stigma associated with this crime. The forensic-psychiatric assessment must be anchored on an authentic and meaningful clinical relationship to criminal mother, without misinterpretation and countertransferal dynamics, such as emotional reactions of mistrust and stigmatization of the offender.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Rehabilitation

Marco Orsini

Department of Medicine
University of Fluminense Federal
Brazil

Ratko Pavlovic

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
University East Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Carlo Monaco

Assistant Professor
Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences
University of Bologna
Italy

Luh Karunia Wahyuni

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation
University of Indonesia
Indonesia

Khalil N Hamed Al Abbad

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
University of Belgrade
Jordan

Eman Mohamed Zaghloul Al-Rafah

Professor
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation
Faculty of Dentistry
King Abdulaziz University
Saudi Arabia

Abdoulaye Diallo

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
USA

Nigar Dursun

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kocaeli University
Turkey

Mohammad Mohammad Al-Sehimy

Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
Cairo University
Egypt

MICHAEL P. SHERMAN

Professor Emeritus
Department of Child Health
Division of Neonatology
University of California-Davis School of Medicine
United States
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