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Articles Related to Research

Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and the Young Ovary: Review of Safety Research Following Two Case Series of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

The quadrivalent virus-like particle vaccine against human papillomavirus (QHPV) is a population vaccine targeting peri-pubertal girls and boys. Focus on evaluation of adolescent ovarian safety arises from cases in primary care and published case series describing the development of menstrual dysfunction and idiopathic premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) following QHPV vaccination. A structured review of QHPV vaccine safety studies was performed to answer the question ‘has the ongoing ovarian safety of this vaccine in adolescents been assessed?’ The design, size, and process of pre-licensing safety trials in relation to their capacity to assess ovarian function were reviewed.
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Gross and Histopathological Alterations in Experimental Trypanosoma Evansi Infection in Donkeys and the Effect of Isometamidium Chloride Treatment

Trypanosoma evansi (T. evansi) infection causes wasting and fatal animal trypanosomosis. This study was aimed at determining the gross and histopathological alterations in donkeys experimentally infected with T. evansi and the effect of isometamidium chloride treatment. Apparently healthy donkeys (N=18) of mixed sexes were randomly assigned to 3 groups; A1 (Infected-untreated), A2 (Infected, isometamidium-treated) and B (Uninfected, control) of six animals each. Each animal in infected groups had about 2.0x106 T. evansi injected through the jugular vein. Parasitaemia levels were evaluated using HCT and Mice Inoculation Test (support test). Gross and histopathological examinations were also conducted post-infection and post-treatment.
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Research of Serum Homocysteine Levels in Healthy Cows

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The Prevalence of Obesity among Subjects with Chronic Kidney Disease – Cross Sectional Study of Sri Lanka Population

The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing rapidly around the world, particularly in Asia. Over the last two decades Sri Lanka has experienced an epidemic of CKD, especially in the “Mahaweli” river basin in North Central region of the island that was not attributable to conventional risk factors - hence widely termed “CKD-unknown”.
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Community Perception towards Traditional Healers and Health Centers on Management of Dog Bites and its Relation with Veterinary Public Health Activities

A survey was conducted to investigate whether the community uses traditional healers or modern health centers after exposure to dog bites and veterinary public health responses on the issues in Arba Minch, Ethiopia. Two stage cluster and simple random sampling procedures were employed to select inhabitants and other target study population for this study.
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Food Processing Technology and Packaging: A Case Study of Indian Cashew-nut Industry

India is the global leader in world cashew business and cashew-nut industry is one of the important food processing industries in world.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Nutritional and Biological Control Synergism against Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants

Parasitic gastroenteritis caused by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) continues to be a major constraint against profitable small ruminant production. The increasing prevalence and severity of anthelmintic-resistant nematodes in many parts of the world has led to a search for non-chemical control options.
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A Descriptive Study about Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Children in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria

Dilated Cardiomyopathy is the most common form of the cardiomyopathies in children accounting for a significant cause of morbidity and mortality as well as a common indication for heart transplant.
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Effects of Pioglitazone on the Electrocardiogram in the Goto-Kakizaki Type 2 Diabetic Rat Heart

Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Pioglitazone (PIO) is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and there is some evidence that it may improve ventricular function in diabetic patients.
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Scaling up the Ebola Response: What we Learned from AIDS Activism

Thirty years of AIDS activism have taught us many invaluable lessons in responding to rapidly evolving global health epidemics. In this article, I apply five of them-innovative governance and financing; alternative incentives for biomedical research and development on neglected diseases; health systems strengthening; community and civil society engagement; and human rights protection-to the current Ebola epidemic.
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Identification of Pyrrolidinophenone-type Designer Drugs by Gas Chromatography/ Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Use of gas chromatography (GC) combined with time-of –flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) with soft ionization generated with three different plasma gases (i.e., Xe, Kr, Ar) was evaluated for the identification of several pyrrolidinophenone-type designer drugs that are commercially available.
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Availability of Adequate Iodized Salt at Household Level and Associated Factors in Rural Communities in Laelay Maychew District, Northern Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study

Universal salt iodization is cost-effective, safe and sustainable strategy to ensure adequate intake of iodine by all populations. Worldwide the proportion of people consuming iodized salt dramatically increased while, the coverage of universal salt iodization is still low in Ethiopia.
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Methadone and Torsade De Pointes in the Therapeutic Range

Methadone, a long-acting opioid agonist, binds to and occupies mu-opioid receptors, preventing withdrawal symptoms for 24 hours or longer, reduces craving for opioids, and, by maintaining high levels of opioid tolerance, reduces the euphoric effects of subsequent illicit opioid use. As a controlled substance with potential for abuse, methadone use is regulated in the US and other countries.
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Nutritional Status of Children and their Mothers, and its Determinants in Urban Capital and Rural Highland in Papua New Guinea

In Papua New Guinea (PNG), under-five mortality rate still remains high (69 per 1,000 live birth), and infectious diseases contribute to 38% of deaths among under-five children, possibly due to not only low immunization coverage but also undernutrition.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Research

MASAYOSHI YAMAGUCHI

Professor
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology
Emory School of Medicine
Emory University
United States

Huafeng Zhang

Professor
School of Life Science
University of Science & Technology of China
China

KHALID UL REHMAN HAKEEM

Associate Professor
Faculty of Forestry
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

OMAR A. OBEID

Professor of Human Nutrition
Department of Nutrition and Food Science
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

SALEH A. NASER

Professor of Medicine and Graduate Coordinator
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
University of Central Florida
United States

SCOT MICHAEL LEWEY

Medical Director
Adult Gastroenterology Program
Castle Rock Adventist Hospital
United States

Tamer Atif Mohamed Dawod

Associate Professor
Faculty of Medicine
Mansoura University
Egypt

KAEI NASU

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Oita University
Japan

Dayong Wu

Associate Professor
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

Christophe Rosenberger

Professor
Department Of Computer Science
National School of Engineering
France
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