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Articles Related to SPE

Soybean Lecithin-Based Extender Improves the Quality of Chilled Canine Sperm

Semen preservation technique includes chilling at 4-5 oC and cryopreservation at -196 oC. The role of extender enriched with protectant is essential for storing sperm. In order to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of soybean lecithin (SL) in Tris-based extender on quality parameters of chilled canine semen and subsequent potential. The Trisbased extenders with 0.5%, 1.0% or 2.0% SL (w/v) were used to store the sperm of French Bulldog; meanwhile, Tris-based extenders supplemented with 20.0% (v/v) egg yolk (EY) were used as the control group. Sperm samples in each group were stored at 4⁰C for 168 hours period.
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Reanimate the Dead to Life by Practicing Cryo Techniques

Therapeutic Hypothermia has been evolving as a science in itself since a very long time. There have been many accidents chronicled wherein people were buried alive in snow or under ice in frigid waters, left scientifically dead without any signs of heartbeat and breathing, only to be revived many hours later. The most notable case being that of Anna Bagenholm from Sweden.
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Assessment of Particulate Matter, Volatile Organic Compounds, and Suspended Solids in Some Settlements around Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State Nigeria

There is a proliferation of particulate matter in the atmosphere within and around the cities because of increased industrial activities. It is thus hypothesized that increase in human activities lead to increase in pollutants concentration inside (n=80 houses sampled) and outside residential areas. Thus, to investigate the air quality at different residential areas within indoor and outdoor environment air samples were collected using Particle Counter (Model: HHPC MET), and Gas Monitor (Aeroqual series 500) to determine particulate matters (i.e., PM10, and PM2,5), volatile organic carbon (VOC) and total solid particle (TSP).
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Chronic Exposure to Artificial Light Spectra at night alter Neurobehaviour and Neurotransmitter levels in Albino Rats

Artificial light at night has been reported to have significant effects on the physiology and behaviour of animals by its impact on their circadian rhythm. This study investigated the effect of artificial light spectra at night on neurotransmitter activities and neurobehavioural changes in the albino rat. Blue (470 nm) and red (665 nm) lights were used; with ambient light and darkness serving as positive and negative controls, respectively. The rats were exposed to daylight from 6 am to 6 pm and 12 hours of artificial light (6 pm - 6 am) daily (light sources were 13 Watt compact florescent electric bulbs). Neurobehavioural outcomes were measured using the Open Field Test (OFT) and Morris Water Maze (MWM).
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Numerical Analysis on the Electromechanical Behaviors and Piezotronic Effects Controlled by the Applied of Initial Stress

Based on the linear three-dimensional elastic theory, shear horizontal (SH) wave propagation along the normal direction to the piezoelectric semiconductor plate (PSC) was obtained in the presence of initial horizontal and vertical stresses. The purpose behind obtaining the numerical solutions was to evaluate the effect of stress on dimensionless frequency and phase velocity.
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Case Series of 141 Melanomas Diagnosed and Managed over 5 years by an Australian Dermatologist: with a Suggested Approach to Suspected Pigmented Lesions

Melanoma is one of the most fatal disorders dermatologists have to diagnose and treat. Despite its prevalence and seriousness, there has been no protocol with consensus suggesting systematic approach for diagnosis and treatment of pigmented lesions. A series of 141 melanomas diagnosed and managed over five years in an Australian dermatology clinicare presented. Also a systematic approach has been suggested for the management of suspicious pigmented lesions and melanomas. It is hoped that this paper provides a platform to open discussion for the development of the best systematic approach.
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Profile of Adult Lymphomas in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Monocentric Study of Histoimmunochemical Aspects

A total of 26 NHL patients (56.5%) and 20 LH cases (43.5%), aged 32-11 and 51-18 years respectively, were selected. Polyadenopathy was noted in 95% of cases of HL and 73.1% of cases of NHL (p=0.002). Patients were at Ann Arbor Stage II-IV in 80% of cases for the NHL and 70% of cases for LH (p: 0 ,317). Type B-Cell NHL entities were Diffuse Large Cell B Lymphoma (34.6%), Follicular Lymphoma (15.4%), Mantle Lymphoma (7.7%), Lymphocytic Lymphoma (7.7%), and Malt Lymphoma (3.8%). The NHL was type T-Cell in 30.8% of cases including 19.2% of anaplastic lymphoma. The HL were classic (80%) and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (20%). Specific treatment was performed in 82.6% of cases, 28.9% of which were immunochemotherapy. Remission was noted in 52.4% of NHL patients and 70.3% of those with HL.
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Profiling of Benzodiazepines using Fluoroscence Spectrofluorometry: A Systematic Review

Benzodiazepines (BZDs) are one of the most widely used psychoactive drugs for the treatment of anxiety and panic disorders, insomnia, muscle relaxation, epilepsy among other purposes. Given its rampant consumption worldwide, BZDs are used in a number of drug facilitated sexual assaults (DFSA),
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Suicidal Trends in Different Indian States: A Retrospective Study

Suicide is an act to intentionally end one’s life. District level suicide data were obtained from respective police stations for the year 2019-2020. Hanging is reported to be the most common strategy primarily on the grounds that materials for the hanging are easily available, followed by consumption of poison (primarily pesticide), drowning, burning, cut injury to wrist, drug overdose, alcohol overdose and fall from building. Present research showed that as indicated by sex, males are at high risk of committing suicide than that of females. The greatest number of suicide cases are reported for the age group of 31-40 years and the least can be seen in the age group below 10 years.
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Unexpected Opioid Responses in Infants: A Retrospective Case Series

Opioids are commonly prescribed for acute pain management. Complications such as nausea, vomiting, itch and constipation are not uncommon. Two unusual and unexpected complications that can arise in the acute setting are opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) and acute opioid tolerance (AOT). The diagnostic challenges of these two entities are mainly attributed to their unpredictable onset and lack of strict diagnostic criteria. In the pediatric setting, additional confounding factors such as separation anxiety, hunger, thirst and poor verbal communication further complicate discerning between the two phenomena.
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The Combination of Shear Wave Elastography and ELF Test in a Single Score Improves the Diagnostic Specificity for Liver Fibrosis Prediction

Forty patients with CHDs who received liver biopsy to stage fibrosis and 12 normal subjects performed also shear wave elastography (SWE) and ELF-test. We chose two different outcomes for histological fibrosis (F0-F1 vs F2-F4) and (F0-F2 vs F3-F4). ELF-test and SWE were independent predictors, categorized using ROC analysis. Two scores called SCORE1 and SCORE2 were devised.
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A Case of Frosted-Branch Angiitis Associated with Poststreptococcal Uveitis Syndrome

The case was a 7-year-old girl who had complained of bilateral blurry vision for 1 week. Five weeks earlier, she suffered from a flu-like episode with fever, sore throat, and skin rash, and received an irregular dose of oral amoxicillin for 4 days after a diagnosis of scarlet fever. Our clinical examination revealed bilateral panuveitis with frosted-branch angiitis.
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Homology Modelled Structure of Glutaredoxin 2 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Different types of Glutaredoxins (GRXs) that play a major role in cellular anti-oxidative reactions have been studied for their structure and function from various organisms. Glutathione (GSH), an anti-oxidant with several medical benefits, binds to GRXs. This work has structurally characterized GRX2 from C. reinhardtii (CrGRX2) using biophysical, molecular modelling, and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) techniques. CrGRX2 adopts the classical GRX-Trx fold consisting of five β-strands surrounded by four α-helices that bind to GSH with moderate strength through a cysteine residue. The residues involved in the interaction closely match with those observed for E. coli and human counterparts, indicating that the cellular GSH-GRXs antioxidant system is highly conserved.
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Erythematous, Hyperkeratotic Papule on the Left Distal Dorsal Aspect of the Middle Finger

Dermatofibroma (DF) is a common benign fibrosing lesion that can be found on any surface of the body, most often in the lower extremities. Dermatofibroma that arises on the digits, as in our present case, may be confused with other clinical entities or even malignant tumors, leading to unnecessarily aggressive treatment. To ensure proper diagnosis and treatment, dermatofibroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of digital papules.
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Potential Molecular Players Against to SARS-CoV-2: A Glyco-Perspective

COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and is associated with the increasing number of cases and deaths and has been declared a pandemic by WHO. The treatment strategy focused on preventing the S protein from binding and penetrating the ACE-2 receptor. In addition, S protein-related molecules such as peptides, blockers, and inhibitors that inhibit S protein cleavage are considered candidate therapeutics.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to SPE

LUIS CLAUDIO NASCIMENTO DA SILVA

Department of Parasitary Biology
Ceuma University
Rua dos Castanheiros Jardim Renascença 65075120 - São Luís
Brazil

Alok Dabi

Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery
University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB)
United States

ILANA B. ADDIS

Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Arizona College of Medicine
United States

Ercument Genc

Professor
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Engineering
Faculty of Agriculture
Ankara University
Turkey

Nallasivam Palanisamy

Associate Professor
Michigan Center for Translational Pathology
University of Michigan
United States

Mayavan Subramani

Postdoctoral Research Associate
Delaware State University
USA.

Wen-Quan Zou

Associate Professor
Departments of Pathology and Neurology
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
United States

Carla J. Kinslow

Principal Consultant
Rimkus Consulting Group
USA

R. C. Gupta

Professor
Pro vice chancellor
Nagaland University
India

Zhonghua Sun

Associate Professor
Department of Imaging and Applied Physics
Curtin University
Australia
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