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Articles Related to SPE

A Case of Frosted-Branch Angiitis Associated with Poststreptococcal Uveitis Syndrome

The case was a 7-year-old girl who had complained of bilateral blurry vision for 1 week. Five weeks earlier, she suffered from a flu-like episode with fever, sore throat, and skin rash, and received an irregular dose of oral amoxicillin for 4 days after a diagnosis of scarlet fever. Our clinical examination revealed bilateral panuveitis with frosted-branch angiitis.
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Homology Modelled Structure of Glutaredoxin 2 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Different types of Glutaredoxins (GRXs) that play a major role in cellular anti-oxidative reactions have been studied for their structure and function from various organisms. Glutathione (GSH), an anti-oxidant with several medical benefits, binds to GRXs. This work has structurally characterized GRX2 from C. reinhardtii (CrGRX2) using biophysical, molecular modelling, and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) techniques. CrGRX2 adopts the classical GRX-Trx fold consisting of five β-strands surrounded by four α-helices that bind to GSH with moderate strength through a cysteine residue. The residues involved in the interaction closely match with those observed for E. coli and human counterparts, indicating that the cellular GSH-GRXs antioxidant system is highly conserved.
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Erythematous, Hyperkeratotic Papule on the Left Distal Dorsal Aspect of the Middle Finger

Dermatofibroma (DF) is a common benign fibrosing lesion that can be found on any surface of the body, most often in the lower extremities. Dermatofibroma that arises on the digits, as in our present case, may be confused with other clinical entities or even malignant tumors, leading to unnecessarily aggressive treatment. To ensure proper diagnosis and treatment, dermatofibroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of digital papules.
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Potential Molecular Players Against to SARS-CoV-2: A Glyco-Perspective

COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and is associated with the increasing number of cases and deaths and has been declared a pandemic by WHO. The treatment strategy focused on preventing the S protein from binding and penetrating the ACE-2 receptor. In addition, S protein-related molecules such as peptides, blockers, and inhibitors that inhibit S protein cleavage are considered candidate therapeutics.
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Microscopic Characteristics of Nanoparticles inside the Liquid Suspension by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Conveying nanopowder or nanoparticles are involved in the numerous industry fields, but discontinuous and unstable transportation often takes place, and even the pipes clogged because of nanoparticle aggregation. Understanding in detailed the microscopic characteristics of nanoparticles suspended in the base fluid will play a vital role.
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Rehabilitation Outcomes under Precaution-Free Management for Dislocation after Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty with a Conjoined Tendon Preserving Posterior Approach: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Early rehabilitation after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) requires risk management for postoperative dislocation. Since April 2018, BHA has been performed at our hospital using a conjoined tendon-preserving posterior (CPP) approach, which preserves the piriformis and short rotator muscles (the gemellus superior, the obturator internus and the gemellus inferior) and dissects only the external obturator.
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Cognitive and Cognitive-Communication Impairments of Patients with COVID-19: A Retrospective Study

This study’s objective is to characterize the cognitive and cognitive-communication impairments of COVID-19 patients identified by the Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) rehabilitation team located in Toronto, Canada during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic
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Ayurvedic Antiviral Agents: Overview of Medicinal Plants Perspective

In recent years it has been reported that many of the herbal plants contain antiviral agents which combat human disease that are caused by pathogenic viruses. The natural products which are obtained from plants as antiviral agents against viruses have gone through researches to check the efficacy and potentials of the herbal products in prevention of viral disorders.
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Effects of Different Concentratıons of Proline, Cysteine and Glutamine on Some Sperm Quality Characterıstıcs and Fertility of Cryopreserved Bee Spermatozoa (Apis Mellifera)

Development of novel cryopreservation protocols is required to test novel chemical and non-chemical supplements in freezing extender for bee semen. Antioxidants demonstrate critical effects on post-thawed sperm quality, fertility, and subsequent embryo development. The purpose of the study was to determine of the effects of different concentrations of proline, cysteine and glutamine on some sperm quality and fertility of cryopreserved bee spermatozoa.
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Ketogenic Diet Versus a Standard Low-Calorie Diet to Treat Mildly Obese Patients in an Outpatient Clinic: An Observational Retrospective Study

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet (VLCKD) compared to a LowCalorie Diet (LCD) in the treatment of mildly obese patients. We aimed to highlight the difference in weight loss, compliance, physical activity levels and drop-out rates between the VLCKD group and the standard LCD one.
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Humeral Length Estimation: Retrospective Radiological and Anthropometric Investigation

Researchers have made it possible to estimate the length of bones from their fragments in recent times; therefore, the stature can be estimated from the length of the bones so derived. The length of long bones has been the major means through which stature estimates were made. This study aimed to compare the length estimates of the humerus from anatomical landmarks (variables) on the bone and x-ray radiographs of humerus in adult Nigerians.
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Evaluation of Paraspinal Muscle Properties in Adolescents with Mild Idiopatic Scoliosis Using Surface EMG Power Spectral Analysis

Previous studies reported that the paraspinal muscles of adolescents with severe idiopathic scoliosis scheduled for surgery contain higher proportion of type Ⅰ fibers on the convex side. However, the muscle properties are unknown in mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences among the convex, concave and control sides of the paraspinal muscles in patients with mild AIS and healthy individuals and to help in the treatment of mild AIS patients.
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Death Scene Investigation in Cases of Suicidal Hanging

In most of the Suicidal Hanging involving young and Adult individual Speculations surrounding the Incident is not unusual. There are instances wherein an Individual is Killed by Strangulation and than Suspended. Hence, It is always important to Study the Death Scene besides the Crime Scene apart from the Postmortem Examination so as to understand the Suicidal Hanging
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Photodegradation, Antibacterial & Antioxidant Assessment of Multifunctional Zinc Oxide Metal Nanoparticles Using Smilax aspera Leaf Extract: An Eco Approach

The endeavor of this research accounts for a superficial green route scheme by using an extract of leaves of Smilax aspera as a stabilizing and capping agent. Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were examined through UV-visible Spectrophotometer, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-rays spectroscopy), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The NPs demonstrates potential photo catalytic activity for the degradation of Methyl Orange (MO) and Methylene Blue (MB) dyes upon exposure to sunlight.
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Utilization of Red mud-Water/Soil Pollutant for Alternative Engineering Applications: A Critical Perspective Review

Environmental pollution and climate change continue to be a major cause for concern in the 21st century. Aluminum is the most abundant metal on the surface used in every walk of life. Red mud, a by-product produced during the extraction of Aluminium from Bauxite by Bayer’s Process, causes serious hazards for the human and ecological systems.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to SPE

Cristiana Palmela Pereira

Assistant Professor
Portuguese Institute of Legal Medicine
University of Lisboa
Portugal

Avner Meoded

Neuroimaging Research Fellow
NIH/NINDS
United States

Henrique Serezani

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Indiana University
United States

Yajun Andrew Yi

Assistant Professor
Department of Bioinformatics
Vanderbilt University
United States

TIFFANY STEWART

Associate Professor
Pennington Biomedical Research Center (PBRC)
United States

Mamatha Ballal

Professor
Melaka Manipal Medical College
Manipal University
India

Elmar J Prenner

Assistant Professor
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
Canada

Qingzhong Kong

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Abdul-Monim Batiha

Associate Professor
Faculty of Nursing
Philadelphia University
Jordan

QINGRONG HUANG

Professor
Department of Food Science
Rutgers University
United States
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