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Articles Related to Streptococcus pneumoniae

The Roles of Procalcitonin, C-Reactive Protein and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate in Predicting Bacteremia

The early differentiation between infectious and non-infectious sepsis remains a challenge due to the lack of a reliable, ready available and quick biomarker of bacterial sepsis. This study aims to determine the diagnostic accuracies of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as individual and combined predictors of bacterial sepsis, when compared to the gold standard microbiological cultures
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Case Series of Pneumococcal Meningitis in the Post 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Era

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of meningitis. Although rates of bacterial meningitis have decreased after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction, pneumococcal meningitis has not been eliminated. In this case series, we describe the presentation, serotypes, and outcomes of 11 children with pneumococcal meningitis at a tertiary children’s hospital after the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was introduced, from 2011-2013. The median age of children with meningitis was 7 years. The majority of the isolates (82%) were susceptible to penicillin. Most isolates (73%) were serotyped and there was no evidence of disease caused by serotypes contained in PCV7
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Pulmonic Valve Endocarditis Complicating Streptococcus pneumoniae Community- Acquired Pneumonia

Infective endocarditis is most often seen affecting the left side of the heart, with the pulmonary valve being the least frequently involved valve. The most common organisms responsible for infective endocarditis are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus viridans. Here we report a rare case of pulmonary valve endocarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, a rare pathogen for this setting. The clinical features, presentation, and review of the literature are discussed.
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