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Articles Related to Stress

Unexpected Opioid Responses in Infants: A Retrospective Case Series

Opioids are commonly prescribed for acute pain management. Complications such as nausea, vomiting, itch and constipation are not uncommon. Two unusual and unexpected complications that can arise in the acute setting are opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) and acute opioid tolerance (AOT). The diagnostic challenges of these two entities are mainly attributed to their unpredictable onset and lack of strict diagnostic criteria. In the pediatric setting, additional confounding factors such as separation anxiety, hunger, thirst and poor verbal communication further complicate discerning between the two phenomena.
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Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in Healthy Obese Adults

It was a cross-sectional study including 434 apparently healthy subjects (194 males) divided into two groups: i) obese (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m²) and ii) non-obese (BMI < 30 Kg/m²). Exclusion criteria were: current smokers, asthma, medicine intake interfering with FeNO levels, and abnormal lung function tests. The FeNO measurements were performed before spirometry. Student t test was performed to compare between the two groups. The Spearman correlation between BMI and FeNO levels was evaluated. The Piecewise linear regression with breakpoint was assessed to define the breakpoint of inflammation related to obesity.
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Establishing a Special Open Field Test Appliance for Tree Shrews Evaluates their Stressed Locomotor Behavior

It has a great significance to establish a high repetitive and special system to evaluate locomotion for tree shrew animal models, especially neuropsychiatric models. Thus, we designed a special open field test appliance for tree shrews by using a polymer PMMA board (plexiglass). The locomotion of naïve tree shrews was detected twice in it. By using Any-maze Software tracing the motion trajectory, we found that the motion trajectory and the distance were very similar in both tests. It demonstrated that the appliance designed for tree shrews had extremely high reliability and stability.
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The Change Level of Concentration of Hsp70 in the Different Age in the Goats in Various Seasons

Difference of ability of breed/animal at tolerance of heat stress, the HSP70 effective is one of the major as a cellular thermometer in response to heat stress.
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Evaluation of Anti-aging Effect of the Novel Test Formulation in Cell-based Studies using Β-Galactosidase Activity, Collagen Levels, and Protection against Oxidative Stress

The study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and antiaging potential of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on a novel test formulation in in vitro. The test formulation was divided into two parts
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Karoshi: A Sword of Damocles Hanging over Chinese High-pressure Doctors

A growing body of evidence gathered over the past 10 years has demonstrated a clear escalation of sudden death (SD) in Chinese medical staff. This retrospective study was conceived to explore the first evidence of signs of SD, relieving clinical workload and strengthening protection against the overload of Chinese medical staff.
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Cardiovascular Responses of Patients with Obesity Submitted to a Proof of Effort

Obesity is a multisystemic disease. It is a coronary risk factor, that promotes or is associated with other components such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, etc.
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No Evidence for Stress-Induced Sympathetic Activity in Young Women Classified as Restrained Eaters

Obesity has been linked to autonomic dysfunction, which is thought to be one of the main contributors for hypertension, cardiac remodelling and death. The aim of the present study was to investigate stress related changes in autonomous function in subjects at high risk for obesity (Restrained eaters). 33 healthy women aged 18-30 years were recruited through advertisement in local newspapers. Classification in restrained and unrestrained eaters was done according to norm tables from the German version of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Participants were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test, a standardized laboratory stressor. As an indicator of autonomous function the measurement of heart rate was performed. Restrained eaters did not respond with a significant increase in heart rate after stress. The results are interpreted with respect to consequences for nutritional intake and stress coping.
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Commitment to the Quality of Global Life and Emotional Function of Women with Cancer in Chemotherapy

To evaluate the quality of life and the impairment of the emotional function of women with breast cancer under chemotherapeutic treatment, in relation to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Observational, longitudinal, and analytical research; conducted between 2013 to 2015 with 67 women in three stages of chemotherapy treatment in a public referral teaching hospital in Paraná. Two questionnaires, one for socio-demographic and clinical data, and the Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 were used for data collection.
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Stress-Induced Release of Eating Related Hormones in Young Women Classified as Restrained Eaters

Eating related hormones may be strongly involved in the control of food intake under stressful conditions. The development and maintenance of eating disorders such as obesity, binge eating disorder, and bulimia nervosa might be in part explained by the altered release of insulin, ghrelin or leptin in particular in vulnerable subjects such as restrained eaters. The present investigation describes the secretion of these hormones before and after stress in a sample of 44 young women, who were selected according to a high degree of dietary restraint. Hormones were analysed from blood samples which were drawn 30 and 60 minutes after a validated stressor. Ghrelin levels significantly rise after stress induction. Insulin and Leptin both significantly fall after stress. The results are discussed with regard to biological as well as psychological causes and consequences of stress related hormone release in restrained eaters.
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Mental Health Distress and Wellness among Medical Students

The aim of this article was to assess the mental distress more extensively than has been done before and to determine likely predictors of distress and well-being issues. Moreover, the significant improvement needed in connection to medical students in the context of psychological signs, symptoms of mental distress, and solutions for the students with mental health distress and wellness perspectives were addressed.
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Night Shift Work and Weight Gain among Female Filipino Nurses

There are increasing numbers of overweight and obese nurses working the night shift. The purpose of this correlational and cross-sectional study was to determine if there are statistically significant associations between insufficient sleep, abnormal eating patterns, working 12-hour shifts, years of working night shift, age, stress, marital status, nursing units, decreased physical activity, and level of weight gain among female Filipino nurses working the night shift in the hospital. The theoretical foundation of this study was locate evidence, evaluate evidence, assess evidence, and informed decision model. An online survey through Survey Monkey was used to access nurses via a convenient sampling. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation, multiple regression, and ANOVA. According to study findings, there were significant associations between insufficient sleep, abnormal eating patterns, marital status, 12-hour shifts, number of years working on night shift, and increased in body mass index. The implications for social change include information that nurses can use to better understand the negative implications of night shift work on health. At the organizational level, this study provides information for administrators and nursing leaders that might facilitate change in policies by improving working conditions for nurses.
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Stress Induced Cortisol Response in Young Women Classified as Restrained and Unrestrained Eaters

Dietary restraint has been hypothesized to be a risk factor to develop disordered eating behavior with the consequence of clinical eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder. Because of mostly unsuccessful dieting efforts restrained eaters are supposed to suffer from stress, indicated by a higher cortisol response. The present investigation tested this hypothesis in 41 subjects undergoing a laboratory stress test with the measurement of salivary cortisol. The results show lower stress induced cortisol in the restrained eaters. This is discussed with regard to a possibly dysregulated intake behavior in restrained eaters.
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Neurobiochemical Roles of Low Molecular Weight Antioxidants on Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Severity of Ischemic Stroke in Wistar Rats

Purpose: To evaluate the neurobiochemical role(s) of low molecular weight (LMWA) antioxidants in the treatment of surgically- induced ischemic stroke (IS) in wistar rats.Methods: Ischemic stroke was induced in wistar rats using middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Neurological assessments were carried out using stair case, cylinder test and modified neurological severity score (mnss) methods. Low molecular weight antioxidants (vitamins C, E, α-lipoic acid, dimethyl sulfoxide and mannitol) were orally administered to the rats for two weeks in three different doses (22.5, 45 and 67.5 mg/kg).
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Stress-Induced Laboratory Eating Behavior in Obese and Normal-Weight Women

Inconsistent results of stress induced eating behavior in obesity have been reported. In order to describe the effect of stress on eating behavior in detail, we investigated microstructural aspects of food intake in a controlled laboratory experiment. Eating behavior of 43 obese women and 42 normal weight controls between 18 and 30 years was assessed twice (one time after participating in the Trier Social Stress Test and one time after a control session). A universal eating monitor was used to obtain cumulative intake curves with pudding as laboratory food. Compared to controls, obese showed inhibited eating behavior after stress. The results are interpreted and discussed with regard to restrained eating.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Stress

Angela Myracle

Assistant Professor
School of Food and Agriculture
University of Maine
United States

Korinn Saker

Associate Professor
College of Veterinary Medicine
North Carolina State University
United States

Kishor K. Bhakat

Associate Professor
Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy
University of Nebraska Medical Center
United States

Andrey Budanov

Assistant Professor
Department of Human and Molecular Genetics
Massey Cancer Center
United States

LAURA IRIS COSEN-BINKER

Assistant Professor
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology
Boston University
USA

Seyed Khosrow Tayebati

Professor
Department of Experimental Medicine and Public Health
University of Camerino
Italy

Federico Sesti

Professor
Neuroscience and Cell Biology
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Rutgers University
USA

Pasquale Russo

Department of Science of Agriculture
Food and Environment
University of Foggia
Italy

Han-Mou Tsai

Professor of Hematology
Section of Hemostasis and Thrombosis
Pennsylvania State University
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States
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