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Articles Related to Stress

Stress-Induced Laboratory Eating Behavior in Obese and Normal-Weight Women

Inconsistent results of stress induced eating behavior in obesity have been reported. In order to describe the effect of stress on eating behavior in detail, we investigated microstructural aspects of food intake in a controlled laboratory experiment. Eating behavior of 43 obese women and 42 normal weight controls between 18 and 30 years was assessed twice (one time after participating in the Trier Social Stress Test and one time after a control session). A universal eating monitor was used to obtain cumulative intake curves with pudding as laboratory food. Compared to controls, obese showed inhibited eating behavior after stress. The results are interpreted and discussed with regard to restrained eating.
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Mitochondrial Production of Perhydroxyl Radical (HO2 • ) as Inducer of Aging and Age-Related Pathologies

All organisms age, in the search of the universal mechanisms of aging Barja analyzed results obtained with various species of mammals and birds and concluded that only two known factors correlate in the right sense (inversely) with animal longevity in vertebrates: the long life span is associated with (a) low rates of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and (b) low degree of fatty acid polyunsaturation of cellular membranes including the mitochondrial ones [Barja (2014) Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 127:1-27].
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A Study on Perceived Stress among Undergraduate Medical Students of Bahir Dar University, Bahir Bar, North West Ethiopia, 2016: Institutional Based Cross Sectional Study

Tertiary education has always been regarded as highly stressful environment to students. Medical and health science training further add to the already stressful environment. Awareness of the existence of stress in medical students by physicians will help in diminishing student’s experience of stress. Therefore, identifying additional stressors in the clinical context is very crucial for providing measures to minimize students’ stress to a tolerable level and helping them to cope better. And the aim of this study is to assess perceived stress and factors associated with it among Bahir Dar University medical students, North West Ethiopia, 2016.
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Predictors of Stress Fracture Susceptibility in Arab Female Military Recruits during Combat Training: A Preliminary Study

Military recruits and athletes regularly engaging in vigorous physical activities are at increased risk for sustaining lower limb overuse injuries.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System a Riddle, Wrapped in a Mystery, inside an Enigma

54-year-old gentleman with a previous medical history consistent of recurrent headaches, hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypercholesterolemia and recurrent renal calculi. Over a one-year period, he gradually developed worsening headaches associated with intermittent blurred vision, generalized aches and pains, mild cognitive impairment, and several episodes of focal upper and lower limb weakness.
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Hemodynamic and Autonomic Reactivity to Mental and Physical Stress in Lean, Overweight and Obese Subjects

There could be progressive changes in hemodynamic and autonomic parameters causing cardiovascular damage from lean to morbid obesity. We aim to study resting and reactivity of hemodynamic and autonomic parameters to physical and mental stress in lean, overweight and obese subjects of the Oman Family Study (OFS).
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The Role of Nutrition in Fighting Free Radicals

This paper aims to review in literature the main mechanisms of oxidative stress, pointing out the major formed metabolites, the mechanisms of cell damage and major antioxidants. Oxygen is essential to human life. The formation of free radicals (FR) is closely related to oxygen consumption, a mechanism that occurs with an incomplete reduction of this molecule.
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Relationship between Sociodemographic Characteristics, Psychiatric Burden and Violent Offence in a Maximum Security Prison in North-Central Nigeria

Violent offenders are individuals who are incarcerated due to any criminal charge for a violent offence against another individual-armed robbery, murder, attempted murder, kidnapping, assault which results in bodily harm and forcible confinement.
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Epigenetic Changes Caused by Occupational Stress in Humans Revealed through Noninvasive Assessment of DNA Methylation of the Tyrosine Hydroxylase Gene

Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), a precursor of dopamine, and is considered to be involved in many aspects of mental health. On the other hand, the epigenetic mechanisms have been recognized as mediators of stable changes in brain function.
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Expression Profile of Hepatic Metallothionein-I and ATP7B, and Brain Metallothionein-III and Acetyl cholinesterase Genes in Wistar Rat Model for Non-Wilsonian Brain Copper Toxicosis

Cognitive waning due to chronic copper (Cu) intoxication in animal models is increasingly being reported; notwithstanding, information regarding molecular basis of Cu accumulation and neurobehavioral impairments remains fragmentary.
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Appendicitis in Pregnancy: How Vestigial is this?

Appendicitis is a rare pregnancy associated surgical emergency, with appendectomy as the most frequent non obstetrical surgical procedure performed in pregnancy. Diagnostic delay increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality thereby highlighting the need for a prompt diagnosis and surgery. Two cases of appendicitis with pregnancy are being reported with abdominal pain as common presenting feature.
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Effects of Transfer Point Glucan #300 Supplementation on Children exposed to Passive Smoking - Placebo-driven Double-blind Clinical Trials

In this study, we focused on the effect of β-glucan supplementation of children with chronic respiratory problems. We measured the levels of cortisol, salivary IgE and cotinine in 56 children and evaluated the effect of 30 day supplementation with 100 mg/day oral dose of yeast-derived β-glucan. Our results showed strong decrease of cotinine and cortisol levels in saliva of β-glucan-supplemented children.
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Association between Stress and Dietary Behaviours among Undergraduate Students in Kuwait: Gender Differences

Studies have shown that a significant proportion of university students globally suffer from stress. Although many studies have reported an association between psychological stress and dietary behaviour, findings remain inconclusive. To date, no research in Kuwait has assessed the prevalence of stress and its relationship with dietary pattern among university students.
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Heart Rate Variability and Occupational Stress: Future Directions

Statistics across industrialised societies show that occupational stress results in social and financial costs for individuals, organisations, and economies. Occupational stress is prevalent in many different forms, for example, work intensification, dissatisfaction with current work schedules, feelings of job insecurity, more work being done at odd hours, the spread of new information and communication technologies, and long hours becoming more common.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Stress

Insop Shim

Department of Medical Science
College of Korean Medicine
Kyung Hee University
South Korea

Laurel M Wentz

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition Science
East Carolina University
United States

Martin A. Katzman

Clinic Director and Staff Psychiatrist
START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders

Adolfo Godoy Pinto

Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
University of Chile

Yu Huang

School of Biomedical Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Korinn Saker

Associate Professor
College of Veterinary Medicine
North Carolina State University
United States

Maria Amália da Silva Jurado

Assistant Professor
Department of Life Sciences
University of Coimbra

Guo-Fang Zhang

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Mohsen Meydani

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

Angela Myracle

Assistant Professor
School of Food and Agriculture
University of Maine
United States
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