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Articles Related to Supplementation

Dietary Supplementation of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on Growth, Haematological, and Biochemical Parameters of Koi Carp Cyprinus carpio var koi

The present study aimed at the dietary supplementation of zinc oxide nanoparticles on growth, haematological and biochemical parameters of Koi carp. The zinc oxide nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized using UV-VIS, SEM, EDAX, and FTIR. Six feeds were prepared with different quantities of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles (F1 - Control, F2 -20 mg, F3 – 40mg, F4 – 60mg, F5-80mg and F6 – 100mg) and feed ingredients are fish meal, groundnut oilcake, wheat flour, and tapioca flour.
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Growth Performance and Carcass Quality of Broilers (Gallus domesticus) Fed with Aguingay (Rotboellia cochinchinensis) and Azolla (Azolla pinnata) Supplements

Recently, there are unaffordable and dangerous commercial feeds that endanger health and financial aspects of both consumers and producers. Thus, this study was conducted in order to have affordable, quality enhanced and healthy feeds. This investigates the potential of Azolla (Azollapinnata) meal and the reliability of Aguingay (Rotboelliaconchinchinensis) Infloresence meal to have improvement of growth performance and carcass quality supplemented to the Broiler chicken.
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Influence of Guanidinoacetic Acid Supplementation of Fish Diets with Different Levels of Energy Content on Growth Performance and Serum Metabolites

This research was performed to explore the impacts of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation of fish diets with variable energy contents on the growth performance and blood serum parameters of Nile tilapia fish. Nile tilapia Juveniles with an average weight of 20 g were cultured in glass aquaria and fed four formulated pelleted diets for 60 days. Our experiment was divided into four experimental groups: the first group (G1) was fed a basic control diet without any GAA supplementation. The other experimental groups, G2, G3 and G4, were fed diets with different levels of energy (25, 50 and 75 kcal/kg less than in the control, respectively) and supplemented with 0.06% GAA.
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Effects of Transfer Factor Supplementation on Immune Reactions in Mice

Colostrum-derived transfer factors are among the highest potential natural immunostimulatory food supplements. In our study, we evaluated the possible effects of supplementation with various compositions that included transfer factors in phagocytosis, TNF-α and IL-2 secretion, antibody formation and NK cells activity. We found significant improvements of all these immune reactions after 7 days of supplementation.
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Exploring the Effects of Tomato Extract Supplementation on Cognitive Function during Exercise and at Rest

It has been reported that tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit extracts may have beneficial effects on cognition. To assess if those effects are reproducible, cognitive function was assessed using a double-blind, randomised control trial design; 17 healthy test participants were given encapsulated tomato fruit (n=8) extract (290 mg) or a placebo control (n=9). Cognition was assessed at rest and, as exercise is known to negatively impact on cognitive function, equivalent tests were also undertaken after controlled physical exertion using the Bath University Rugby Shuttle Test (45 minutes and 90 minutes exercise).
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Selenium Supplementation in Obese Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Type 2 Diabetes

Selenium (Se) is a trace element present in many foods. Selenium-protein co-factor plays a critical anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory role in thyroid function, but quite recently its ability to prevent adipocyte hypertrophy and adipogenesis has also been evaluated. The aim of our study was to assess whether thyroid function, as well as, body mass index (BMI) and body composition might improve in Se-treated obese patients as compared to those getting placebo (P).
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Effects of Carbohydrates Supplementation and Physical Exercise

Carbohydrates are the most abundant biomolecules on Earth. They are important for muscle contraction during prolonged exercise performing at moderate intensity and short duration exercise performed at high-intensity
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Creatine Supplementation in the Elderly: is Resistance Training Really Needed?

Decreases in muscle mass, strength and power are associated with ageing, all of which increase the risk of falls, and cause a loss of independence. Creatine supplementation is often used in younger athletes to improve anaerobic performance, power and strength, however the potential benefits of creatine supplementation in older individuals are less clear.
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Short-term Creatine Supplementation Suppresses the Cortisol Response to a High-Intensity Swim-Sprint Workout

The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of creatine ingestion on the metabolic hormone cortisol in male swimmers. Seventeen male swimmers (24.5 ± 3.9 years) with at least 5 years of competitive swimming experience and engaged in swimming training at least 4 times per week participated in the study. Subjects supplemented with creatine (20 g/day) + maltodextrin (1g/kg/day) or maltodextrin (1g/kg/day) only for 6 days prior to a progressive swim-sprint workout. The swim-sprint workout consisted of 8 progressive 100 meter freestyle sets starting at 65% of maximal intensity leading up to a 100% maximum capacity set on the eighth and final set.
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Folic Acid Supplementation Reduced Depression Score in Young Japanese Women with Depression-susceptible Genetic Polymorphisms

Background: Observational studies have shown that low folate status induces depression. Here we studied the effects of folic acid supplementation on depression scores of Japanese women with depression-susceptible gene polymorphisms: methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), serotonin transporter (5-HTT), and dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4).
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Effects of Transfer Point Glucan #300 Supplementation on Children exposed to Passive Smoking - Placebo-driven Double-blind Clinical Trials

In this study, we focused on the effect of β-glucan supplementation of children with chronic respiratory problems. We measured the levels of cortisol, salivary IgE and cotinine in 56 children and evaluated the effect of 30 day supplementation with 100 mg/day oral dose of yeast-derived β-glucan. Our results showed strong decrease of cotinine and cortisol levels in saliva of β-glucan-supplemented children.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Supplementation

Ock K. Chun

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Connecticut
United States

Sohail Mushtaq

Senior Lecturer
Department of Clinical Sciences
University of Chester
United Kingdom
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