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Articles Related to TH

Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Identify and Prioritize Interventions for Ameliorating Food Security and Health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua

In this study, we report the results of a needs assessment conducted using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and concept mapping to identify and prioritize interventions for improved food security and health in Chacraseca, Nicaragua. The study involved stakeholders from Auburn University, a non-profit organization (JustHope, Inc.), medical doctors, and community members from Chacraseca.
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Epidemiological Approach to Mortal Lesions-Traffic Accident in Yara Municipality, 2007, Cuba

The purpose of this article is to describe the epidemiological behavior of the mortal lesions in a traffic accident occurred in Yara, Municipality, Cuba, in 2007. Method: The clinical, radiological and anatomical-pathological variables of mortal lesions in the traffic accident as a result of the collision between a train and a bus in Veguitas town, in Yara, municipality of Granma province, on October 6th, 2007.
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Hyponatremia as Parameter in Admission and Discharge Disability of Stroke Survivors, Babol, North of Iran

Stroke is one of the most common neurological diseases, research on risk factors except classical ones has been going on and hyponatremia is one of these
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Tetanus Presenting with Back Pain

Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani, which one of its toxins, tetanospasmin is the cause of clinical symptoms. The incubation period is generally 3 days to 3 weeks. The clinical severity is due to the amount of toxin and the neural distance to reach the neuronal body.
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Reinfection in A Healthcare Worker with SARS-Cov 2 in a Hospital in North India

Here, we report a case of reinfection after a gap of 97 days in our hospital. A 26-year-old male was working as a health care worker (HCW) in the COVID Intensive Care Unit. After completing his posting of 14 days (active quarantine), he tested positive with SARS CoV-2 by Real-time PCR (RTPCR) assay on 03/05/20 during routine testing which is done to all the HCW at the end of the active quarantine period as per the hospital policy
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Primary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Mandibular Bone, an Extremly Rare Case Report

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare epithelial neoplasm, that may affect the salivary glands. It comprises 30% of epithelial minor salivary gland tumors. We present the case of a 56-year-old non-smoking woman with no significant medical history. The MRI finds a lesional process involving the right hemi mandible, the right buccal floor, which extends towards the region of the masticators and infiltrates the submandibular gland. A bone biopsy of the mandible under general anesthesia was performed, showing an adenoid cystic carcinoma. After announcing the diagnosis to the patient, she refused any treatment
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Clinicopathological Pattern and Treatment Outcomes of Acute Bowel Obstruction at a Rural Kenyan Hospital

Acute intestinal obstruction is a leading cause of emergency surgical admissions worldwide. The pattern of clinical presentation, pathology and outcome of intestinal obstruction vary with geographical location even within the same country. The aim of this study was to identify the clinico-pathological pattern and treatment outcomes of patients with acute mechanical and functional intestinal obstruction managed at Nyeri county referral hospital in central Kenya between 2008 and 2013.
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Migrated Intrauterine Device Resulting in Severe Obstructive Uropathy

Intrauterine devices are one of the most common and effective versions of contraceptive. There have been many reports in the past of these devices perforating the uterus and being found in the bladder, peritoneum, and colon to name a few. In this paper we present the case of a woman who presented to the emergency department with severe hydronephrosis and associated pyelonephritis as result of intrauterine device migration into the patient’s fallopian tube causing ureter compression. Interestingly, she had also given birth to two healthy infants since having intrauterine device placed and assumed that it had fallen out years prior. To the best of our knowledge there have been very few such cases reported in the literature
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Long-Term Survival in Glioblastoma: Case Report

Glioblastoma is the most common and most deadly type of primary brain malignant tumors. despite applying the best trimodal treatment consisting of surgery chemoterapy and radiotherapy, there are few patients who survive decades after treatment.
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Who is Liable? : A Question That Can Change the Life of the Dentist

India has one of the finest constitutions among all. It deals with every aspect of human activity, dentistry is one of them. The dentist is a health professional whose duty is to practice dentistry at a certain standard of care. The breach of this duty is known as negligence. Thanks to our media, people are aware of many laws but at the same time the definition of grievance has changed, plaintiff commence cases on others for their personal benefits.
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Hybrid Healthcare

Hybrid Healthcare is a term coined by digital health entrepreneur Sophie Smith, Founder and CEO of Nabta Health whereby healthcare must continue to be delivered by both traditional and digital means. Even though the future of quality healthcare is firmly set in the coalescence of the digital world with not just the physical world, but the biological one as well (what is known as the singularity) the healthcare industry and tis entrepreneurs must still be open to embracing a hybrid approach if they are to truly scale their business.
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Compressive Strength Modelling of Palm Nut Fiber Concrete Using Scheffe’s Theory

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Review Article: Managing Spinal Cord Injury on Anesthesiologists’ Perspective

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is trauma to the area of the vertebrae resulting in spinal cord lesions resulting in neurological disorders, depending on the location of the spinal nerve damage and the injured nerve tissue. The symptoms of SCI can range from pain and paralysis to incontinence. SCI due to trauma is estimated to occur in 30-40 per million population per year, and about 8,000- 10,000 sufferers each year; generally, occurs in adolescents and young adults. Although the annual incidence of events is relatively low, the cost of care and rehabilitation for spinal cord injuries is very high, at around US $ 53,000 / patient.
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Ultrastructure of the Frontal Cortex Neurons of 5-Day-Day Rats after Antenatal Alcoholization

Antenatal alcoholization leads to a number of specific disorders in the offspring organism, grouped into the concept of fetal alcohol syndrome, which is included in the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The negative effects of alcohol on the developing fetal brain include structural abnormalities of the brain, neurological, behavioral and cognitive defects.
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Bosma Syndrome “Mimic” in a Young Infant - Case Report and Literature Review

Bosma arrhinia microphthalmia syndrome is a rare entity of unknown etiology, characterized by abnormalities of the nose and eyes and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to TH

Itsanun Wiwatanaratanabutr

Assistant Professor
Department of Plant Production Technology
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
Thailand

Perihan Akan

Department of Environmental Engineering
Hacettepe University
Turkey

Fatma Aykut Tonk

Associate Professor
Department of Field Crops
University of Ege
Turkey

Abdul Hafeez-Baig

Senior lecturer
School of Management and Enterprise
Faculty of BELA
Queensland Toowoomba
Australia

Hani Mansour

Associate Professor
Department of Water Relations & Field /irrigation
National Research Center
Egypt

Mehdi Vosoughi

Assistant Professor
Department of environmental health engineering
Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Rathnayake Mudiyanselage Dharmadasa

Senior Deputy Director
Industrial Technology Institute
Sriparakum Mawatha
Sri Lanka

Michael R Hamblin

Professor
Laser Research Centre Health Sciences
University of Johyannesburg
South Africa

S. Vasudevan

Principal Scientist & Professor
Electroinorganic Chemicals Division
Central Electrochemical Research Institute
India

Barbara Anne Curbow

Professor
Department of Behavioral and Community Health
School of Public Health
University of Maryland
United States
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