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Articles Related to TH

Optimizing Outcomes with Multifocal Intraocular Lenses

Current present-day cataract surgery evolves from a visual restoration to a refractive approach. Greater independence from glasses and improvement of the quality of life were provided after surgery with the appearance of multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOLs). Since its creation in the 1980s, MFIOLs has undergone various technical improvements, including trifocal implants and implants with extended depth of vision. Excellent results were achieved thorough preoperative check, including the visual needs of the patients and the inherent eye anatomy. This analysis offers a broad overview of the various types of Mf-IOLs and rules for optimizing results through full preoperative screening and treatment postoperatively complications.
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Erythematous, Hyperkeratotic Papule on the Left Distal Dorsal Aspect of the Middle Finger

Dermatofibroma (DF) is a common benign fibrosing lesion that can be found on any surface of the body, most often in the lower extremities. Dermatofibroma that arises on the digits, as in our present case, may be confused with other clinical entities or even malignant tumors, leading to unnecessarily aggressive treatment. To ensure proper diagnosis and treatment, dermatofibroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of digital papules.
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Mental Health and Psychological Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic sweeps across the world, it is causing widespread concern, fear and stress, all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and uncertain situation that everyone finds themselves in. “The issue facing each and every one of us is how we manage and react to the stressful situation unfolding so rapidly in our lives and communities. Here we can draw on the remarkable powers of strength and cooperation that we also fortunately possess as humans. And that is what we must try to focus on to respond most effectively to this crisis as individuals, family and community members, friends and colleagues,” said Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Progression and Quality of Life. Correlation between SSS-IoT Risk Scale Score and the Main Factors Determining the Disease Potential Progression

It has been identified several factors that can determine the severity and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The natural evolution of this disease has been extensively studied in different populations. However, no practical tool encompasses the main factors determining this disease’s potential progression.
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Risk Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Literature Review and Scale Proposal

To identify the main risk factors for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and to create a tool or classification that helps to identify patients with greater potential for the development of serious scoliosis.
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Tofacitinib as a Therapeutic Option in the Treatment of Refractory Scleritis: A Case Report

This was a 50-year-old patient with recurrent bilateral nodular anterior scleritis refractory to several treatments, including immunosuppressants and anti Tnfα. She was assessed for the different causes of immune-mediated and infectious diseases, but nothing was found. Tofacitinib was started 5 mg twice a day, which led to the spacing of crises until their total disappearance. At present, the patient has been crisis-free for nine months. In conclusion, the use of Janus Kinase inhibitor (Tofacitinib) alone was effective in the treatment of refractory recurrent nodular anterior scleritis.
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Effect of 4-h Time Restricted Feeding on Body Weight, Leptin Concentration and Lipid Profile in Healthy Non-Obese Male Wistar Rats

Obesity greatly increases the risk of metabolic diseases and preventive approaches for obesity are often insufficient to effectively prevent the diseases. Altering feeding time strategy intervention decreases caloric intake without calorie counting and may be an effective therapy. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of 4-h time restricted feeding on body weight, leptin concentration and lipid profile in healthy non-obese male Wistar rats.
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Microscopic Characteristics of Nanoparticles inside the Liquid Suspension by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Conveying nanopowder or nanoparticles are involved in the numerous industry fields, but discontinuous and unstable transportation often takes place, and even the pipes clogged because of nanoparticle aggregation. Understanding in detailed the microscopic characteristics of nanoparticles suspended in the base fluid will play a vital role.
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Thrombocytopenia in Women Initiating Antenatal Care in Port Harcourt

Thrombocytopenia is a reduction in the platelet count below the reference range of 150 x 109 /L. It is the second commonest hematologic disorder, following anaemia in pregnancy. Women with thrombocytopenia in pregnancy have a higher tendency to bleed; postpartum haemorrhage is a major cause of maternal mortality in our setting.
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Repair of the Molecular Machinery of the Cell at the Nanoscale

In a cellular environment, if any interruption happened due to the initiation of diseases or disorders in cellular events, it can immediately upset the cellular proceedings, and affect the normal life of the cells and tissues. Vital needs are there to repair the cells and tissues. To regain the normal functioning style of cells and associated cellular environment.
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Primary Epithelioid Sarcoma of Lacrimal Gland and Primary Renal Cell Carcinoma with whole Exome Sequencing: a Case Report

The 31-year old male patient with primary orbital epithelioid sarcoma of lacrimal gland in combination with primary renal cell carcinoma is being presented. Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare high-grade aggressive malignant soft tissue tumor. Until now, all reported cases were localized in the orbit, but to our knowledge, this is the first case primary localized in the lacrimal gland.
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Rapid Hydrogenation of Toluene in a One-Pass Reactor at Ambient Temperature and Pressure on a Novel Nanostructured Super-Alloy Catalysts without Containing Noble Metals

Novel Ni-Re super-alloy catalyst system is found for rapid hydrogenation of toluene to methylcyclohexane (MCH) in a one-pass reactor under mild reaction conditions. The novel bimetallic Ni-Re alloy catalysts exhibit the remarkably enhanced activity and stability for hydrogenation of toluene by comparison with monometallic Ni catalyst. The catalytic performance of novel Ni-Re catalyst is compared with that of Pt catalysts for hydrogenation of toluene. The better activity maintenance of the Ni-Re catalysts than the Pt-based catalysts are found. The alloying effect of Ni with Re is identified by XRD and EXAFS measurements.
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Textile Sector and Recycling: A Review on the Ecological and New Circular Economy

Over the past few decades, the circular economies push the boundaries of environmental sustainability by highlighting the notion of innovative goods, creating a viable relationship between ecosystems and economic growth. This manuscript is a mini-review aims on the regulation of textile production and consumption, which should go hand‐in‐hand with technological innovation, favoring renewable fibers and fabrics, product design that facilitates longer use and reuse, and efficient production processes that generate less waste and fewer emissions.
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Rehabilitation Outcomes under Precaution-Free Management for Dislocation after Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty with a Conjoined Tendon Preserving Posterior Approach: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Early rehabilitation after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) requires risk management for postoperative dislocation. Since April 2018, BHA has been performed at our hospital using a conjoined tendon-preserving posterior (CPP) approach, which preserves the piriformis and short rotator muscles (the gemellus superior, the obturator internus and the gemellus inferior) and dissects only the external obturator.
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to TH

Mohsen Naraghi

Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery
Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Austria

Angela Myracle

Assistant Professor
School of Food and Agriculture
University of Maine
United States

Gang Chen

Professor
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration
Nantong University
China

Gethin Thomas

Senior Lecturer
Department of Zoology and Marine Biology
Swansea University
United Kingdom

Pasquale Russo

Department of Science of Agriculture
Food and Environment
University of Foggia
Italy

Nilesh W Gaikwad

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition/Environmental Toxicology
University of California, Davis
United States

Papia Sultana

Associate Professor
Department of Statistics
University of Rajshahi
Bangladesh

Eugene S. Kim

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Southern California
United States

SEEMA HAKIM

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
J.N. Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
India

Davit Melkumyan

Head of Arson and Explosives expertises
Department of the National Bureau of Expertises
National Academy of Sciences(NAS)
Armenia
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