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Articles Related to Treatment

Neuropsycological Function, Insight, and Treatment Adherence among Patients with Schizophrenia

Research has suggested that poor insight in patients with schizophrenia is associated with poorer treatment compliance. One factor ontributing to poor insight may be neurocognitive deficits. The aim of the current study is to explore the relationship between cognitive insight, clinical insight, treatment adherence, executive functions and sustained attention within patients with schizophrenia. The study was conducted on 41 patients with schizophrenia using the Beck cognitive insight scale, the schedule for assessment of insight, the drug attitude inventory and two neuropsychological tests.
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Infantile Acute Generalized Pustular Psoriasis: A Case Report

Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is an acute and uncommon form of psoriasis, representing about 3% of all psoriasis cases. Triggers may include streptococcical infections, emotional stress, vaccinations and exposure to medications such as penicillin. Systemic therapy is often necessary for GPP, since it may rapidly evolve, leading to significant and potentially fatal complications. Here, we describe the case of a 5-year-old male presenting with diffuse erythema, confluent scaly plaques and painful pustules localized on the trunk and limbs. Systemic manifestations such as fever, general lymphadenopathy and arthritis were also observed. To date, no standardized treatment guideline exists for infantile acute generalized pustular psoriasis. Our patient responded successfully to cyclosporine treatment within 4 weeks without any side effects. Thus, cyclosporine could be considered a useful agent in cases of pediatric GPP, keeping in mind its side effect profile in child population.
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Three Stages of Evolution in the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Stroke Unit Care, Intravenous Thrombolysis and Endovascular Therapy

Ischemic stroke is the most frequent cause of disability in adults in the world and its treatment remains a challenge. The care management of stroke patients in organized stroke units has improved and various revascularization approaches have emerged during the past decades. Stroke patients cared in organized stroke units are more likely to survive, to return home and to be functional independency. It is recommended that all patients with stroke, regardless of age, should be cared in a stroke unit. Intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator delivered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset is the only approved and effective medical therapy in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
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Prevention and Treatment of Esophageal Cancer in China: Achievements and Challenges-Prevention is the Key

Background: The study investigated esophageal cancer etiology and pathology, along with problems associated with surgical treatments. Keywords: Esophageal cancer; Mortality; Etiology; Pathology; Treatment; 5-year survivalIntroduction Methods: Data from the National Cancer Prevention and Control Office and the National Cancer Registry Center (2012) were assessed for information regarding malignant tumor incidence. These data were also used to conduct a mortality analysis and investigate death records pertaining to esophageal cancer patients. We extracted crude and age-specific mortality data and proportional mortality ratios as well as standard mortality data for Chinese and world populations. Esophageal cancer mortality was compared with death statistical data and literature related to esophageal cancer was collected from the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and the Chinese Journal Network.
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Treatment of Cerebral Mucormycosis with Prolonged Liposomal Amphotericin B (>1000 days)

Mucormycosis is a rare but invasive and potentially lethal infection caused by ubiquitous fungi of the order Mucorales. The primary mode of infection is inhalation of fungal spores. Rhinocerebral and pulmonary infections are most common, however, other organ systems including the central nervous system can be affected, presumably by occult fungemia. We describe the prolonged treatment course (>1000 days) of a patient with cerebral mucormycosis using liposomal amphotericin B (LAMB). Two different attempts were made to replace LAMB with posaconazole, but each occasion resulted in therapeutic failure. This case represents the longest course of LAMB reported in the literature.
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Dosimetric Evaluation of Total Body Irradiation (TBI) Treatment by Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) on the Coach

To compare three different types of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning techniques using Elekta Versa HD lineer accelerator to deliver total body irradiation (TBI) treatment on the coach and to evaluate the feasibility of VMAT planning technique for TBI treatment.
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HIV-1 Molecular Characterization and Transmitted Drug Resistance Prevalence among Treatment-Naïve Individuals

The distribution of different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genotypes and the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) mutations vary greatly across different Brazilian regions. This study aimed to describe the HIV-1 molecular diversity and TDR prevalence among treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected individuals in an urban area of Northeastern Brazil. DNA samples from 97 infected individuals were obtained and pol sequences were generated by Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. Bioinformatics tools were used to identify the presence of associated mutations with drug resistance, to reconstruct the phylogeny and to detect recombination.
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Treatment of Chronic Back Pain with Radiculopathy by Selective Nerve Root Block or Pulsed Radiofrequency - Randomised, Open Label, Clinical Trial

Lumbosacral radicular pain (LRP) is a common symptom, its annual prevalence in the general population is reported to be from 9.9% to 25% and it is characterized by a shooting, radiating pain to one or more dermatomes, which is often caused by irritation of the corresponding nerve root. The initial treatment should be conservative with oral medications, exercise, and physiotherapy. When conservative treatments fail, epidural steroid injections and other interventional treatments should be considered. Surgical interventions are indicated when all other treatments have failed.
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Gross and Histopathological Alterations in Experimental Trypanosoma Evansi Infection in Donkeys and the Effect of Isometamidium Chloride Treatment

Trypanosoma evansi (T. evansi) infection causes wasting and fatal animal trypanosomosis. This study was aimed at determining the gross and histopathological alterations in donkeys experimentally infected with T. evansi and the effect of isometamidium chloride treatment. Apparently healthy donkeys (N=18) of mixed sexes were randomly assigned to 3 groups; A1 (Infected-untreated), A2 (Infected, isometamidium-treated) and B (Uninfected, control) of six animals each. Each animal in infected groups had about 2.0x106 T. evansi injected through the jugular vein. Parasitaemia levels were evaluated using HCT and Mice Inoculation Test (support test). Gross and histopathological examinations were also conducted post-infection and post-treatment.
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Advances in the Treatment of Breast Cancer-Emphasis on fertility preservationA Case Report

With the recent advances in breast cancer treatment the 5 year survival rates have increased significantly with overall 20yrs survival in developed countries like USA. With further improvement being designed in the treatment of breast cancers with more and more sophisticated models to study breast cancer in human beings using the modern microfluidic models one expects more and younger breast cancer survivors to be needing fertility treatments. Here we review the modern advances in breast cancer treatments and the need for emphasizing on fertility preservation before starting any chemotherapeutic or other management as recommended by both ASO and ASRM.
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The Psychosocial Factors that Influencing HIV-AIDS Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence

The socio-cultural context of illness has become a major research area, and it has made significant contributions to our understanding of the socio-cultural dimensions of illness. In this article, we briefly trace the roots of a socio-cultural approach to illness, and we present some of the key findings of socio-cultural organized under main themes. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy drugs in the treatment of HIV infection is complicated because of many psychosocial factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychosocial factors involved in non-compliance with ART among people infected with HIV in Alert Hospital in Ethiopia.
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Provision of Adolescent-Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Services Integrated into HIV Treatment and Care

Integration of HIV prevention services into reproductive health, care support and treatment programs can potentially increase the uptake of FP, dual protection and reduce vertical transmission of HIV.
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A New Model of Obstetrical Pessary – Prevention and Treatment of Cervical Insufficiency and Habitual Abortion

This article presents a new model of obstetrical pessary for prevention and treatment of cervical insufficiency and habitual abortion. In 2012 Research Center for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology (of the Ministry of Health of Russia) received an assignment from the Ministry of Health of Russia to develop a new medical device for correction and treatment of conditions associated with habitual abortion. In accordance with this task, a group of the Center`s researchers and obstetricians developed a new model of obstetrical pessary. In 2013 the Ethics Commission on biological and medical investigations of the Center authorized clinical use of this device.
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The Treatment of Symptoms in Atopic Dermatitis as a Superantigen Disease

This research proposed a treatment for the symptoms of the disease – skin rash, intestinal tract and cervical spine disorders. The treatment proposed (by the use of combined disinfectants) proofed effective for the treatment of skin rash. The researchers hope that this treatment will be adopted by health practitioners. Further study could look into the treatment of skin rash, along with intestinal tract and cervical spine disorders.
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Evaluating Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe

In partnership with GALZ, Simbarashe network of PLHIV and ZWAAPV, SAfAIDS implemented Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for the Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Treatment

Xujie Lu

Professor
School of tropical eco-environment protection
Hainan tropical Ocean University
China

Wei Liu

Assistant Professor
Director of Rehabilitation Biomechanics Lab
Auburn University
United States

Jyotsna Sharman

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Human Performance
Radford University
United States

Sameh S.M. Soliman

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicinal Chemistry
College of pharmacy
University of Sharjah
UAE

Jerry R. Roberson

Associate Professor
Theriogenology/Large Animal Medicine
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
West Indies

JOHN EVANS

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
University of Otago
New Zealand

Baha’ N. Noureddin

Professor and Chairman
Department of Ophthalmology
The American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Antonio Sanchez-Pozo

Professor
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II
University of Granada
Spain

Miklas Scholz

Professor
Water Resources Engineering
Lund University
Sweden

Andrzej Wernicki

Professor
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Life Sciences
Poland
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