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Articles Related to Treatment

Dosimetric Evaluation of Total Body Irradiation (TBI) Treatment by Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) on the Coach

To compare three different types of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) planning techniques using Elekta Versa HD lineer accelerator to deliver total body irradiation (TBI) treatment on the coach and to evaluate the feasibility of VMAT planning technique for TBI treatment.
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HIV-1 Molecular Characterization and Transmitted Drug Resistance Prevalence among Treatment-Naïve Individuals

The distribution of different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genotypes and the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) mutations vary greatly across different Brazilian regions. This study aimed to describe the HIV-1 molecular diversity and TDR prevalence among treatment-naïve HIV-1 infected individuals in an urban area of Northeastern Brazil. DNA samples from 97 infected individuals were obtained and pol sequences were generated by Polimerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. Bioinformatics tools were used to identify the presence of associated mutations with drug resistance, to reconstruct the phylogeny and to detect recombination.
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Treatment of Chronic Back Pain with Radiculopathy by Selective Nerve Root Block or Pulsed Radiofrequency - Randomised, Open Label, Clinical Trial

Lumbosacral radicular pain (LRP) is a common symptom, its annual prevalence in the general population is reported to be from 9.9% to 25% and it is characterized by a shooting, radiating pain to one or more dermatomes, which is often caused by irritation of the corresponding nerve root. The initial treatment should be conservative with oral medications, exercise, and physiotherapy. When conservative treatments fail, epidural steroid injections and other interventional treatments should be considered. Surgical interventions are indicated when all other treatments have failed.
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Gross and Histopathological Alterations in Experimental Trypanosoma Evansi Infection in Donkeys and the Effect of Isometamidium Chloride Treatment

Trypanosoma evansi (T. evansi) infection causes wasting and fatal animal trypanosomosis. This study was aimed at determining the gross and histopathological alterations in donkeys experimentally infected with T. evansi and the effect of isometamidium chloride treatment. Apparently healthy donkeys (N=18) of mixed sexes were randomly assigned to 3 groups; A1 (Infected-untreated), A2 (Infected, isometamidium-treated) and B (Uninfected, control) of six animals each. Each animal in infected groups had about 2.0x106 T. evansi injected through the jugular vein. Parasitaemia levels were evaluated using HCT and Mice Inoculation Test (support test). Gross and histopathological examinations were also conducted post-infection and post-treatment.
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Advances in the Treatment of Breast Cancer-Emphasis on fertility preservationA Case Report

With the recent advances in breast cancer treatment the 5 year survival rates have increased significantly with overall 20yrs survival in developed countries like USA. With further improvement being designed in the treatment of breast cancers with more and more sophisticated models to study breast cancer in human beings using the modern microfluidic models one expects more and younger breast cancer survivors to be needing fertility treatments. Here we review the modern advances in breast cancer treatments and the need for emphasizing on fertility preservation before starting any chemotherapeutic or other management as recommended by both ASO and ASRM.
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The Psychosocial Factors that Influencing HIV-AIDS Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence

The socio-cultural context of illness has become a major research area, and it has made significant contributions to our understanding of the socio-cultural dimensions of illness. In this article, we briefly trace the roots of a socio-cultural approach to illness, and we present some of the key findings of socio-cultural organized under main themes. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy drugs in the treatment of HIV infection is complicated because of many psychosocial factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychosocial factors involved in non-compliance with ART among people infected with HIV in Alert Hospital in Ethiopia.
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Provision of Adolescent-Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Services Integrated into HIV Treatment and Care

Integration of HIV prevention services into reproductive health, care support and treatment programs can potentially increase the uptake of FP, dual protection and reduce vertical transmission of HIV.
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A New Model of Obstetrical Pessary – Prevention and Treatment of Cervical Insufficiency and Habitual Abortion

This article presents a new model of obstetrical pessary for prevention and treatment of cervical insufficiency and habitual abortion. In 2012 Research Center for Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology (of the Ministry of Health of Russia) received an assignment from the Ministry of Health of Russia to develop a new medical device for correction and treatment of conditions associated with habitual abortion. In accordance with this task, a group of the Center`s researchers and obstetricians developed a new model of obstetrical pessary. In 2013 the Ethics Commission on biological and medical investigations of the Center authorized clinical use of this device.
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The Treatment of Symptoms in Atopic Dermatitis as a Superantigen Disease

This research proposed a treatment for the symptoms of the disease – skin rash, intestinal tract and cervical spine disorders. The treatment proposed (by the use of combined disinfectants) proofed effective for the treatment of skin rash. The researchers hope that this treatment will be adopted by health practitioners. Further study could look into the treatment of skin rash, along with intestinal tract and cervical spine disorders.
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Evaluating Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe

In partnership with GALZ, Simbarashe network of PLHIV and ZWAAPV, SAfAIDS implemented Lifting Barriers to Universal Access Project: A Step by Step Transformative Process for Increased Access to HIV Prevention and Treatment Services for the Sexual Minorities in 2 Communities in Zimbabwe.
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Stigma Related to Tuberculosis in Patients Taking DOTS Treatment from DOTS Center of Palpa District Hospital, Tansen, Palpa, Nepal

Tuberculosis (TB) is infectious, communicable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide causing 1.5 million deaths globally and in context of Nepal, TB ranks as the sixth leading cause of death among top 20 death causes. Various studies has been conducted worldwide and found out that people suffering from TB are still receiving unfair treatment within their society.
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A Comparison of Prevention and Treatment of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss with Vaginal Progesterone or Oral Dydrogesterone

Most recent publications offer the opportunity not only to look at large studies, but also to be able to compare the effect of the use of micronized progesterone or dydrogesterone for prevention of recurrent (habitual) miscarriage.
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Efficacy of Vitamin C Vaginal Suppository in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis a Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of vaginal vitamin C suppository and vaginal metronidazole in treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Double-blind randomized controlled trial. The study included women who presented to the outpatient gynecological clinic with a diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by amsels criteria. The included eligible women were randomly allocated in one of two groups: group I, including women who received vitamin C vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days; and group II, including women who received metronidazole 500 mg vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days. All included women were reviewed in 8-14 days after completion of treatment for reevaluation.
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Paediatric Radiotherapy in Morocco

In Morocco, through the finding of the Casablanca population-based registry, all cancers are estimated at 35000 new cases par year and 3.2% are aged less or equal 20 years.
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A Rare Case of Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses

Neuroendocrine neoplasms are defined as epithelial neoplasms with predominant neuroendocrine differentiation. They are most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and respiratory system.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Treatment

Ann Gaba

Assistant Professor
City University of New York
United States

KEQUAN ZHOU

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition & Food Science
Wayne State University
United States

Robert Kinobe

Senior Lecturer
Physiology and Pharmacology
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Australia

Luis Ulloa

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
United States

KAZI MOHSIN

Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
King Saud University
Saudi Arabia

Jerry R. Roberson

Associate Professor
Theriogenology/Large Animal Medicine
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
West Indies

Mohamed Khayet

Professor
Department of Applied Physics
Complutense University of Madrid
Spain

Barbara Anne Curbow

Professor
Department of Behavioral and Community Health
School of Public Health
University of Maryland
United States

Eric Fung

Professor of Pharmacology
Department of Oral Biology
University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry
United States

Tetsuya Yoshinaga

Professor
Institute of Health Biosciences
Tokushima University
Japan
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