Articles Related to Urethra
Co-culture of Buccal Mucosal Epithelial Cells Downregulate CTGF Expression in Urethral Stricture Fibroblasts
Buccal mucosal urethroplasty has revolutionized the surgical management of urethral strictures but the success of the procedure has been variable in different series. We have attempted to understand the interplay between buccal mucosal epithelial cells (BME) and the fibroblasts at the molecular level using connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) as a marker so that translation of this information would help in better urethroplasty outcomes. Materials and Methods: The morphological and functional characteristics of normal urethral fibroblasts (NUF) and urethral stricture fibroblasts (UStF) with and without co-culture with BMEs are compared. The intracellular and extracellular level of CTGF expression in the UStF co-cultured with BMEs was analyzed by using molecular biology methods.
Inflammatory Myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare spindle tumour that mimics malignant processes. It can affect any part of the body, but rarely occurs in the genitourinary tract. We report a case of urethral IMT in a 31-year-old pregnant female of 18 weeks gestational age.
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a supposed to a life threatening condition in cats, especially in males (Toms), when obstructive. Early diagnosis and treatment is necessary otherwise it may lead to death. Condition appears with stranguria, pollakiuria, dysuria and sometime in severe conditions hematuria and anuria may be present. Similar five cases of age ranging from 3-6 years, with common history of commercial feed and indoor placement were examined during the course of 3 month. Firstly clinical evaluation including clinical parameters and physical manipulation was done followed by laboratory tests. Complete blood count (CBC) didn’t give any significant change but urinalysis results were quite doubtful with high values of specific gravity (SP), pH, erythrocyte, bacterial and leukocyte count.