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Transversal Pertussis Sero-Epidemiological Study in Fully Vaccinated Children and Adolescents in Antananarivo, Madagascar, and in Dapaong, Togo

African region is thought to contribute to >50% of deadly cases of pertussis worldwide, however surveillance and available data on Bordetella pertussis circulation are limited. Currently, pertussis vaccination schedule in most African countries is restricted to a primary immunization consisting of three doses during the first year of life using whole pertussis vaccines for which effectiveness is not known.
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Nutritional Status and Cognitive Value of Egg White, Egg Yolk Whole Egg based Complementary Food

Prominent among animal proteins, Eggs are one of the only foods that naturally contain vitamin D and Choline, that are essential for normal physiology, psychology reasoning and functioning of all children cells, but particularly important during pregnancy to support healthy brain development of the foetus and it is liking to a Mothers ‘breast milk.
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Who is Liable? : A Question That Can Change the Life of the Dentist

India has one of the finest constitutions among all. It deals with every aspect of human activity, dentistry is one of them. The dentist is a health professional whose duty is to practice dentistry at a certain standard of care. The breach of this duty is known as negligence. Thanks to our media, people are aware of many laws but at the same time the definition of grievance has changed, plaintiff commence cases on others for their personal benefits.
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Normal Value of Antistreptolysin O Titer in Rheumatoid Heart Disease who are on Secondary Prophylaxis and in Apparently Healthy Children at Debreberhan Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer assists for the diagnosis of streptococcal infections and their sequele. Normal value of Anti-streptolysin O titer is not available for Ethiopian populations. These studies establishes and compare the normal reference value in Rheumatoid Heart Disease (RHD) and in apparently healthy children.
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Prevalence of Anemia among Children Aged 6 Months - 12 Years Attending Emergency Room in Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital for Children, North of Jordan

The purpose of this study was to use the computerized database of princess Rahma teaching hospital for children to analyze the prevalence of anemia among children aged 6 months - 12 years attending the emergency room of the hospital.
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Availability and Knowledge of Iodized Salt at Household Level and Associated Factors at Debre Tabor Town, Northwest Ethiopia

IDDs are among the major public health problems of the world. Nearly two billion individuals worldwide and about 350 million Africans are at risk of iodine deficiency and face many risks from its deficiency and complications. Poor knowledge related to iodine diet and iodized salt utilization were some of the factors. Poor Educational status, Occupation and Sources of Information were frequently cited factors related to Knowledge on iodized salt consumption. Iodized salt is an effective and cheap method to prevent and control iodine deficiency in the community.
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A Systematic Review Caenorhabditis Elegans (C. Elegans) - A Host Model Organism to Study Drug-Induced Responses to the Effects of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs

Although there are many researches on drug of abuse behavior using C. elegans as model organism, the precise targets and mechanism shared by C. elegans accompanied with behavioral responses to substance misuse is still scarce. This alternative model for rodents and other animal organism has been used to investigate genetic mechanism and specific genes coding drug-induced behavioral response. However, there is very few papers reported to summarize and analyze findings from original researches to identify target/genes underpinning responses to drug addiction.
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Production and Quality Evaluation of Maize Chips (Kokoro) Produced from Maize and Whole Limabean Seed Flour Blends

This study investigated the proximate, mineral, and sensory properties of the composite flour and maize snack (kokoro) produced at different ratio of 100:0, 95:5, 90:10, 85:15, 80:20 respectively. The blends were reconstituted into a thick paste, manually moulded into kokoro stick and deep fried in hot vegetable oil. The kokoro and the flour blends were analysed for their proximate, mineral and sensory attributes. The result showed that there was a significant difference (p< 0.05) in the proximate composition in all the blends.
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Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) Used as a Whole Model Organism to Identify New Anti-Infectives Therapeutic Agent for MRSA Pathogens - A Review Paper

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the greatest fears with the number of serious infections on human health regarding antibiotic resistance. It causes a wide range of infections and bacteremia, ranging from inconsequential superficial skin infections, wound suppuration, even pneumonia or deep-seated tissue infections, which may lead to sepsis and fatalities.
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Sequence Variant in the TRIM39-RPP21 Gene Readthrough is Shared Across a Cohort of Arabian Foals Diagnosed with Juvenile Idiopathic Epilepsy

Juvenile idiopathic epilepsy (JIE) is a self-limiting neurological disorder with a suspected genetic predisposition affecting young Arabian foals of the Egyptian lineage. The condition is characterized by tonic-clonic seizures with intermittent post-ictal blindness, in which most incidents are sporadic and unrecognized. This study aimed to identify genetic components shared across a local cohort of Arabian foals diagnosed with JIE via a combined whole genome and targeted resequencing approach: Initial whole genome comparisons between a small cohort of nine diagnosed foals (cases) and 27 controls from other horse breeds identified variants uniquely shared amongst the case cohort.
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An Observational Chart Review of a Comparison of Generic to Reference Liposome-Encapsulated Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Subjects with Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma Who Have Failed Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

This study tested for the effects of generic liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin hydrochloride (generic doxorubicin) compared to reference-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (reference doxorubicin) as a treatment for patients afflicted with epithelial ovarian carcinoma whose disease has progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy. Chart-reviews of actual patients enrolled in a community-based NIH trial suggest that both generic and reference liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCl) are equally effective as treatment for ovarian cancer carcinoma.
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Empowering Key Populations (Kps) to Effectively Demand for Equal HIV/AIDS Services

AGHA in partnership with THETA and MNL with funding from CDC is implementing a Local Capacity Initiative project aimed at building capacity of CSOs working with KPs in Mukono, Kampala and Wakiso to advocate for improved HIV services. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among the general population stands at an average of 7.3% while among SWs is 35-37% and MSM at 13.7% between the age of 18-24.Over 40-50% of the new infections come from KPs (UAC, HIV /AIDS Indicator survey 2011). Programs targeting KPs continue to be characterized by limited coverage, poorly linked care, treatment and referral services. The project has increased capacity of 15 CSOs to demand accountability from government on national commitments on KPs; increased capacity of KPs to identify the legal and policy framework that impede equitable access, increased participation and representation of community leaders and KPs living with HIV in the governance structures that influence health services delivery.
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Two Novel Cases of Marfan Syndrome with FBN1 whole Gene Deletion: Laboratory Assay and Cases Review

Background: Marfan syndrome is a hereditary disorder of connective tissue mainly characterized by abnormalities in the cardiovascular, skeletal and ocular systems. It is most frequently due to heterozygous point mutations in the FBN1 gene located on chromosome 15q21.1 and coding for fibrillin-1 protein. Over 3000 FBN1 mutations have been reported in the FBN1 Universal Mutation Database, among these FBN1 large rearrangements account for <2%. Several studies have shown that 15q deletions encompassing the whole FBN1 gene are associated with Marfan syndrome and FBN1 haploinsufficiency is involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. Since now 19 cases of FBN1 entire deletion have been already described.
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Perceived Barriers to Maintaining Healthy Body Weight among Saudi Women of Reproductive Age in Jeddah City

Maintaining a healthy body weight is important for overall health and can help prevent and control many chronic conditions. However, the information surrounding the barriers to healthy eating (HE) and physical activity (PA) for weight maintenance among Saudi women of reproductive age is insufficient to design and develop intervention programs. To explore personal, social, and physical environmental factors that act as barriers to maintaining a healthy weight and how these barriers vary by socio-demographic and weight status. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 using a stratified two-stage cluster sampling design comprising 408 Saudi women attending 12 Jeddah Primary Health Centers (JPHCCs). Data was collected using a structured questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic factors, eating habits (EHs), PA, and perceived barriers to a maintenance of healthy weight maintenance. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) data also were obtained.
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Metabolic Syndrome in Indigenous Amerindian Women in Suriname; Less on Waist and More on Weight?

The indigenous Amerindian populations living in the southern interior part of Suriname have to date largely maintained their traditional hunter-gatherer life-style. In this study we compared the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeTS) and its component risk factors between indigenous Amerindian women of the interior of Suriname, with indigenous Amerindian women living in the coastal-rural areas who have a more urbanized lifestyle. We focused on women since the Suriname Health study showed that Indigenous women had the second highest MeTS prevalence nationwide.
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Editorial Board Members Related to WHO

JOHN B. SAMPSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States

Kit-Lam Chan

Professor
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia

Haider Abdul-Lateef Mousa

Professor
Department of Medical Microbiology
University of Basrah, Iraq
Basrah, Iraq.

Richard Lobo

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacognosy
Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
India

Rostislav Kostadinov

Associate Professor
Disaster Medicine
Medical University Plovdiv
Bulgaria

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Matthew Tan

Associate Professor (ADJ)
Centre for Sustainable Tropical Fisheries and Aquaculture
James Cook University
Australia

SARATH CHANDRA JANGA

Assistant Professor
School of Informatics and Computing
Indiana University
United States

Khue Vu Ngyen

Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics
University of California
USA

OMAR A. OBEID

Professor of Human Nutrition
Department of Nutrition and Food Science
American University of Beirut
Lebanon
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