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Articles Related to anal

Intraobserver and Interobserver Error in Osteological Analysis as an Indicator for Non-Expert Skeletal Analysis

Accurate skeletal analysis is needed in order to properly identify skeletal remains. Cases of misidentification occur all over the United States and may be avoided with an understanding of observer error and the appropriate level of training. In this study, four novice observers with limited osteological training conducted osteological analyses on three different skeletal remains to assess intraobserver and interobserver reliability
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A Comparative Study of Different Blood Alcohol Concentration Effect on Handwriting

Handwriting is a visible speech which is not spoken but written. There are various internal and external factors that might cause variation in handwriting
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Clinicopathological and Prognostic Value of Plasmacytoid subtype in Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The World Health Organization, in 2004, published a new classification that recognizes different histological variants (HV) of urothelial carcinomas
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Effects of Planting Dates on Nutritional and Phytochemical Compositions of Onion Varieties Under Rain-fed and Irrigation Facilities in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Onion is a high-value vegetable consumed in Nigeria on a daily basis, and it forms an integral part of the diet, but the nutritional quality is low due to lack of appropriate cultural practices. The study examined the effects of planting dates on the nutritional quality of onion varieties in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Five onion varieties (Local white, a local red, karibou, gandiol+, and safari) were subjected into four different planting dates namely, two under rain-fed (early April and August) and two under irrigation (early September and November).
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Analysis of Referral Patterns to a Dento-Maxillofacial Radiologist from Dental Practitioners

Intra-oral radiography is ubiquitous in dentistry and practitioners are increasingly using extra-oral radiography in everyday practice. Practitioners may encounter findings on radiographs that they are unfamiliar with and are unsure of the clinical significance. This retrospective study aimed to ascertain the radiographic presentations which were more likely to prompt these clinicians to seek an opinion from a Dento-maxillofacial radiologist (DMFR) and the most common pathologies referred.
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Cost-Effectiveness and Budget Impact Analysis of Recombinant Tumor Necrosis Factor-Thymosin Alpha 1 in a Complex Treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer

Recombinant tumor necrosis factor -thymosin alpha 1 (TNF-T) has been used in Russian oncological practice for a number of years.
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Preparation and Performance Analysis of High Temperature Resistant and High Strength Alcohol Soluble Phosphate/Phenolic Hybrid Adhesive

A kind of alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive was prepared by using phosphate solution as raw material. A hybrid high temperature and high strength adhesive was prepared by adding phenolic resin. The wetting condition of water-soluble and alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive on the surface of hydrophobic material, the composition and mechanical properties of the adhesive were analyzed by means of liquid drop shape analyzer (DSA), X-ray diffraction instrument and universal tensile force machine. The results show that the alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive has good wetting effect on hydrophobic materials and has excellent high temperature resistance and mechanical properties.
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Ion Mobility Spectrometry: A Tool in the Forensic Science for the Post Detonation Residue Analysis

The emergent threat of terrorism activities has caused an urgent need of improved forensic explosive analysis. Complex matrices, limited samples, and confusing interpretations serve as challenges for a forensic chemist in order to link the evidence to the perpetrator of the crime.
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Proximate Composition and Quality Characterization of Oil Extracted From Moringa Oleifera Kernel Using Different Extraction Method

This study investigates proximate composition and characterization of Moringa oleifera seed-oil using four methods of extraction (Cold pressing (CP), Enzyme assisted cold pressing (EACP), Enzyme assisted aqueous extraction (EAAE) and solvent extraction (SE)) and compared with olive oil. The results of proximate analysis of the kernel reveals (7.20 moisture content, 43.12 protein, 33.16 fat, 3.51 Ash, and 6.81 Carbohydrate by difference) %, while the oil yield obtained for CP, EACP, EAAE and SE were (7.75, 12.08, 23.25 and 33.16)%. The fatty acids composition and bioactive compounds were determined through GC-MS analysis. Melting and crystallization temperature ranges: -15.86 to 3.21 and 8.30 to -13.63 °C, respectively. There is a significant difference in term of oil yield, with cold pressing method having the lowest oil yield of 7.8 %. However, the quality of CP extracted Moringa oleifera oil was compared with virgin olive oil; it revealed its potentials as a good source of oleic acid making it to be a good substitute for virgin olive oil.
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Fatal 2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) Ingestion & Use of a Novel Analytical Methodology Testing Post-Mortem Blood Concentrations

2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) is readily available online as an unapproved weight loss supplement. Severe systemic toxicity and death have been reported following DNP use.
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To Analyze the Casual Effect of Economic Growth, Energy Use on Fossil Fuel Consumption in Sub Saharan Africa with Structural Breaks

The study seeks to investigate the casual effect of the efficient energy use and GDP (economic growth) on fossil fuel consumption (Nonrenewable) for the sub Saharan Africa for the period 1980 to 2014. The study also seeks to investigate solutions to environmental issues. Zivot-Andrews unit root test with a structural break, Phillips and Perron unit root test with structural break revealed that the investigated variables become stationary at first-differences. The Gregory-Hansen cointegration test with a structural break shows efficient energy use, economic growth and energy consumption are co-integrated. The long-run estimates obtained from the VECM model indicate that in account of the changes in the structure of the economies, the environmental Kuznets curve does not exist due to validity of a U shaped curve. An increase in output growth (GDP) and efficient energy use positively affect environmental pollution. Based on the findings of this study, the study recommends investment in green technology as the economy growths.
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Predictive Value of ERCC1 Expression on Treatment Response to Cisplatin-Based Regimens in Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Analysis

We aimed to determine whether the excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) expression predicts response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). This was a retrospective study, in which hospital files of 31 patients (29 males, 2 females; mean age, 62.26±7.71 years) were reviewed. All patients were treated with etoposide+cisplatin. The lung biopsy and mediastinal lymph node samples were applied anti-human monoclonal antibodies against ERCC1: immunohistochemical staining was considered positive if 25-100% of the cells showed nuclear staining, and negative if less than 25% of the cells showed negative or slight staining. Response to treatment was evaluated as regression (complete or partial response), progressive disease, or stable disease. Of the patients, 18 (58.1%) had limited-stage, and 13 (41.9%) had extensive-stage SCLC. Median follow-up duration was 15 months (range: 1-60 months). ERCC1 staining was positive in 9 of 31 patients (29.0%). In 12 patients (38.7%), tumor regression (complete or partial response) was obtained after chemotherapy. Tumor regression rate was higher in ERCC1 positive patients than those with negative ERCC1 expression (66.7% vs. 27.3%, p=0.036). In conclusion, high expression of ERCC1 was associated with higher response rate to cisplatin-based regimens in patients with SCLC.
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Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the External Auditory Canal: Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal may masquerade as an infective process causing late diagnosis. A delay in treatment as a result of missed diagnosis would carry a poor prognosis as the disease progresses to an advanced stage. We present a case of a man with history of chronic otorrhea, who developed left sided otalgia associated with hearing loss. otoscopic examination shows a mass in her left ear and pus discharge which was initially treated as an infection. The biopsy of the mass was proven to be squamous cell carcinoma. High index of suspicion is necessary when encountering patients presenting with a mass in the ear canal with prior history of chronic otorrhea or cholesteatoma. Proper tissue biopsy is crucial. Early diagnosis is required for better prognosis for the patient.
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Analysis of Rice Production and Consumption Trends in Nigeria

One of the overarching goals of Nigeria agriculture development programs and policies is increasing agricultural productivity for accelerated economic growth. Despite the various policies measures to increase crop production, domestic rice production has not been increased enough to meet the rising population of the country “Nigeria”.
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Sedoanalgesia During Dental Treatment of a Patient with Sanfilippo Syndrome: A Case Report

Sanfilippo syndrome, a type of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. The disorder is characterized by bone abnormalities (i.e. abnormally long arms and legs when compared with the trunk length), as well as abnormal bone shapes and skin thickening.In general, patients with Sanfilippo syndrome have sharp and coarse facial features, thickening of the lips and enlargement of the mouth and tongue. Hypoplasia of hard dental tissue is also present. The parents of a 5-year-old female patient were referred to Konya Oral and Dental Health Hospital because of tooth pain. A full dental examination could not be conducted because the patient was not cooperative. Thus, we decided to perform the patient’s treatment under general anaesthesia. As the patient had a history of difficult intubation and the planned dental procedures could be completed in a short time, under sedoanalgesia.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Editorial Board Members Related to anal

Jonathan Scott Harrison

Professor
Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology University of Missouri
United States

Vingiani Simona

Associate Professor in Pedology
Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Naples Federico II
Italy

Janet Liversidge

Professor
School of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Aberdeen Institute of Medical Sciences
United Kingdom

Fatima Machado

Forensic Scientist
Forensic Science Lab
Portugal

Joseph Pergolizzi

Adjunct Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
United States

Michael Zhuo Wang

Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
The University of Kansas
United States

Huaizhen Qin

Assistant Professor
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
United States

Douglas M. Coldwell

Professor
Radiology and Bioengineering
University of Louisville
United States

Bill Durham

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Arkansas
United States

Martin Falk

Head and Professor
Institute of Biophysics of ASCR
Czech Republic
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