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Articles Related to anesthesia

Management of Needle Breakage Following Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block: Case Report

A needle breakage is a rare complication of an inferior alveolar nerve block, but it should represent an awkward experience both for the patient and the dentist. A broken needle in the pterygo mandibular region would be hard to remove and it may also have important medico-legal considerations. This is the case report of a 32-years old man, referred by his own dentist to the Maxillo-Facial department, after the needle broke during the routine administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block for a dental procedure. In this paper, authors present the successful removal of the fractured needle from the right pterygomandibular region under general anesthesia administration.
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Defeating Surgical Anguish: A Worldwide Tale of Creativity, Hostility, and Discovery

In the pre-anesthesia era, the anguish of planned surgical maneuver was dreadful and the experience of actual procedure “utterly speechless torture”. Although, the concept of pain relief and even total insensibility was not unfamiliar to medical profession, some of the “Big Giants in Medicine” believed “knife and pain as inseparable” and the efforts to relieve or prevent pain “in vain”. In such a situation the anesthesia,one of the greatest boons of science for mankind, “burst like a revolution on medical profession”. Despite hostility from religious sect, professional colleagues and civil societies the pioneers in discovery of anesthesia stood firm, unshaken by the negative criticism. Although the fate of the active contestant of “Ether Controversy” was mournful,their untiring and dedicated struggle to relieve the sufferings of mankind can never be underscored. Renowned Arab surgeon Ibn al Quff (1232-1286 AD) was the first to suggest anesthesia as independent speciality. However, it took almost 700 years for his dream to come true.
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Comparison of Complications between Gender during Spinal Anesthesia

The side effects of spinal anesthesia have been the focus of many researchers. These complications can affect patients’ satisfaction following surgery and duration of hospitalization. Therefore, factors that lead to increased risk of side effects must be identified, one of these factors is gender. This study evaluated the relationship between gender and adverse effects after spinal anesthesia.
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Isoproterenol Increases BIS and Arousal during Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Isoproterenol is frequently used to test therapeutic effectiveness post- catheter ablation procedure for atrial fibrillation. Preliminary data suggests that administration of isoproterenol increases the Bispectral index (BIS), implicating the CNS stimulatory effects of isoproterenol.
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Camera Embedded Single Lumen Tube as a Rescue Device for Airway Handling during Lung Separation

Lung isolation in thoracic surgery will usually be achieved either with a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a bronchial blocker (BB). However, even when conducted by anesthesiologists with particular interest and expertise in thoracic anesthesia, the procedure may be troublesome and time consuming.
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Prone Airway Management in Patients with Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are a critical but manageable complication commonly seen in bed-bound patients. Utilizing the Wound Bed Preparation (WBP) model, it is often necessary to perform surgical debridement in prone position for patients with stage III or IV sacral pressure ulcers to avoid infection and further complications.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Elective Anesthesia and Surgery in Veteran Patients Abusing Cocaine - Factors Influencing Management Decisions

Cocaine abuse remains to be a significant anesthesia challenge making decision to proceed with anesthesia in patients in general and veterans in particular testing positive for cocaine quite controversial.
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C-MAC Video Laryngoscopy Versus Flexible Fiberoptic Laryngoscopy in Patients with Anticipated Difficult Airway: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Tracheal intubation is one of the most common medical procedures performed in hospitals. On one hand, it is highly successful and easy to perform using a rigid laryngoscope. On the other hand, hypoxic brain damage and death may result rapidly if it is unsuccessful.
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Unusual Variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Following Hepato-biliary Surgery — A Rare Case Report

Guillain-barré syndrome (G.B. Syndrome) is an acute inflammatory poly-radiculoneuropathy characterized by weakness and areflexia typically following viral infection, vaccination, and rarely surgery. Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Poly-radiculoneuropathy is the most common subtype of G.B. Syndrome. Although post-operative G.B. syndrome is a rare entity, there are few case reports of G.B. syndrome after gastric surgery. But there have been no reported case scenarios of atypical variety of this neurologic entity following hepato billiary surgery. Hence our objective is to put forward this message to the readers.
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Editorial Board Members Related to anesthesia

Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar

Assistant Professor
Department of otorhinolaryngology
Zagazig University
Egypt

John Patrick F. Bebawy

Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Loyola
Chicago USA

Pankaj Srivastava

VATS Surgeon
Om Surgical Center & Maternity Home
Varanasi
India

EHAB SAMIR AZIZ FARAG

Associate Professor
Department of General Anesthesiology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
United States

CHARLES SCOTT BRUDNEY

Associate Professor
Departments of Medicine, Critical Care and Anesthesiology
Duke University Medical Center
United States

LAUREN BERKOW

Associate Professor
Division of Neuroanesthesia
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
United States

C spencer yost

Professor of Anesthesia
UCSF School of Medicine
USA

ZAHID AKHTAR RAO

Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Intensive care
Bahria University Medical & Dental College
Pakistan

RAMPRASAD SRIPADA

Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesia
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
United States

JOHN B. SAMPSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States
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