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Application of Lando®Artificial Dermal Regeneration Matrix in Treatment of Challenging Scar Contracture Release of a Severely Deformed Wrist: A Case Report

Here we present a case of a 36–year–old woman who suffered from severe (118°) flexion deformity of the right wrist joint because of heavily burn scar contracture of the right hand wrist. After scar excision, the wrist external fixator was applied and adjusted regularly to extent the wrist and to obtain normal range of motion of the wrist joint. Skin reconstruction was performed with a dermal regeneration matrix and eventually with a split-thickness skin graf
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Application of CCASNS with iVNS in The Treatment of Cerebral Palsy with DrugRefractory Epilepsy

The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of common carotid artery sympathetic nerve network stripping (CCASNS) combined with implanted vagus nerve stimulation (iVNS) for seizure control in children with cerebral palsy with refractory epilepsy. We reviewed the medical records of children with cerebral palsy with drugrefractory epilepsy treated at the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from September 2015 to June 2019.
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Application of the Posterior Approach Technique in Laparoscopic Radical Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer

The aim of this study was to compare and determine the feasibility, surgical outcomes, intraoperative and postoperative complications of the use of the posterior approach technique in the laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) to the conventional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in patients with cervical cancer.
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Utilization of Red mud-Water/Soil Pollutant for Alternative Engineering Applications: A Critical Perspective Review

Environmental pollution and climate change continue to be a major cause for concern in the 21st century. Aluminum is the most abundant metal on the surface used in every walk of life. Red mud, a by-product produced during the extraction of Aluminium from Bauxite by Bayer’s Process, causes serious hazards for the human and ecological systems.
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Encapsulation Applications and Production Techniques in the Food Industry

The encapsulation method is a process applied to increase the shelf life of the active food components, ensure their stability, perform their controlled release and improve their functional properties. Active particles such as fatty acids, peptides, vitamins and probiotics are coated with coating materials such as starch derivatives, gelatin, gum arabic to eliminate external effects.
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Determination of N-Butylscopolamine in Human Plasma by Solid-Phase Extraction and UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS: Development, Validation and Application to a Bioequivalence Study

BioequivalenceA sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method for measurements of N-butylscopolamine in plasma was developed and validated. A SPE extraction was proposed for the clean up of plasma and N-butylscopolamine-d9 was added as internal standard. The analyses were carried out using a phenyl column and mobile phase of acetonitrile:
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Evaluation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Nano-Fertilizers on Yield, Yield Components and Fiber Properties of Egyptian Cotton (Gossypium Barbadense L.)

Field experiments were carried out in Agricultural and Experimental Research Station in years 2016 and 2017 to evaluate NPK nanofertilizers application, times, methods and rates on yield and fiber properties of Egyptian cotton (Giza, 90). The experiment was laid out in a split-split-plot based on Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications.
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An Investigation into the Range of Movement and Forces Involved by the Application of Wrist Flexion Restraint Techniques - Pain Inducing or Not?

Although the use of physical restraint (PR) is accepted, it remains controversial as staff are required to balance professional, ethical and legal tensions between maintaining everyone’s safety, upholding human rights, and minimising harm. One such tension relates to the use of Wrist Flexion Techniques (WFT) used in some health, social care and custodial settings. WFT impose load onto the musculoskeletal structures of the wrist to gain control or compliance from a restrained person, and can result in discomfort, pain, injury, psychological trauma and be detrimental to therapeutic relationships. Current evidence and guidance on WFT are absent with debate existing as to whether WFT can be used without inducing pain. Twenty adults participated in the study. The mean discomfort angle was 90.1° (± 8.6) of flexion with 2.8 Kg (± 1.1) of force, and the mean pain angle was and 98.4° (± 7.9) of flexion with 4.4 Kg (± 1.8) of force, therefore only 8.3° of movement and 1.6 Kg of force separate pain free from pain inducing WFT. Genders did not differ in relation to angle of discomfort or pain. Females experienced discomfort with 1.1Kg less force (p = 0.021) and experienced pain with 1.7Kg less force (p = 0.023). This research challenges the assertion that WFT can exist as non-pain inducing and pain inducing PR techniques since the margin between them may be too small for practitioners to discriminate, particularly during the struggle of real world restraint. Further research may consider other potential pain inducing techniques, and the role and use of PIT during restraint.
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Tio2/Polymer Nanocomposites for Antibacterial Packaging Applications

Packaging material should meet many requirements for safe preservation of food and extend shelf life. Utilization of nanoparticles to prepare active packaging films has been widely investigated. This review deals with food packaging films modified with nano titania to enhance mechanical, barrier and antibacterial properties of the packages.
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An Application: Representations of Some Systems on Non-Deterministic EEG Signals

In this paper, we introduce the notion of a complex interval which is significant for interval-valued data and interval-based signal processing. First, we present the space of complex intervals and investigate the quasilinear structure of the space of complex intervals. We observe that this space is Hilbert quasilinear space with a set-valued inner product.
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Research in Fracture Healing and Its Clinical Applications in the Veterinary Practice

Bone healing is a complex process consisting of multiple sequential phases needing the coordinated interaction of various cells, growth factors, cytokines and mechanical conditions. However, bone healing is one of the rare regenerative processes resulting in complete restoration of form and function. Fracture treatment aims towards a swift return to functional use of the injured limb. Therefore stabilization is a key requisite. In the veterinary clinic difficult fracture cases often require a unique stabilization by custom made external fixation. While this fixation technique harbors risk factors it offers a high flexibility essentially needed to successfully treat small animal fracture patients. Here we draw the connection between the up-to-date knowledge in bone healing and case reports of external fixation techniques from the small animal practice with respect to benefits and risk factors.
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Effect of Chlorhexidine Application on Dentin Bond Strength Durability of Two Etch-and-Rinse Adhesive versus a Universal Bond System

Application of matrix-metalloproteinases (MMP) inhibitors such as chlorhexidine (CHX) is capable of reducing bond strength loss over time by preventing collagen fibrils degradation.
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Periodic Micro Hole Texturing with Metal Assisted Chemical Etching for Solar Cell Applications: Dependence of Etch Rate on Orientation

AuthorSurface texturing is an indispensable process for solar cell fabrication. The interaction of the surface with the incoming sunlight is controlled by texturing in such a way that the absorption is maximized through multiple interactions. Wet and dry etching techniques have been used to create textured surfaces on solar cells. Other than standard alkaline texturing used by the industry, metal assisted etching (MAE) appears to be a promising texturing technique with greater potential application for multi-crystalline solar cell fabrication. It is possible to achieve both random and periodic patterns with MAE which is relatively cheaper than dry plasma etching techniques. In this study, periodic hole patterns with micron sized diameters and periodicity were aimed to be achieved.
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Bioanalytical Method for Pamabrom (Determined as 8-Bromotheophylline) and its Application to a Pharmacokinetic Study

Pamabrom is a common over-the-counter mild diuretic that is often used in combination with acetaminophen and other drugs for the treatment of menstrual pain. It consists of a 1:1 ratio mixture of 8-bromotheophylline and 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol. A bioanalytical method for pamabrom, determined as 8-bromotheophylline, was developed and validated using reverse-phase HPLC coupled with UV detection.
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Paediatric Radiotherapy in Morocco

In Morocco, through the finding of the Casablanca population-based registry, all cancers are estimated at 35000 new cases par year and 3.2% are aged less or equal 20 years.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Editorial Board Members Related to application

Nicholas Tsinoremas

Research Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Miami
United States

Bonghee Lee

Professor
Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute
Gachon University
Korea

Ren-Ke Li

Professor
Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
University of Toronto
Canada

NIKOLAS P. LEMOS

Professor
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
University of California
United States

Zhonghua Sun

Associate Professor
Department of Imaging and Applied Physics
Curtin University
Australia

Guanghua Yan

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Florida
United States

SABIRA KHATUN

Professor
Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
University Malaysia Pahang
Malaysia

Peter Majewski

Professor
School of Engineering
University of South Australia
Australia

Chong-Chi Chiu

Department of General Surgery
Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology
Taiwan

Abdul Hafeez-Baig

Senior lecturer
School of Management and Enterprise
Faculty of BELA
Queensland Toowoomba
Australia
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