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Articles Related to biomarkers

Is there Correlations among SLEDAI, Pro-Inflammatory Biomarkers and Urine NGAL in SLE?

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease. Several indexes can measure SLE activity, and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) is one of them. The aim was to associate SLEDAI with inflammatory biomarkers present in serum (C3, C4, CH50, C-reactive protein, and creatinine), proteinuria (urine 24h) and urine NGAL in SLE patients. This study included 43 SLE patients who were arranged in two groups according to the value of SLEDAI. One group, SLEDAI 0-4 (n=25), included SLE patients with low activity, and the other group, SLEDAI >4 (n=18), included SLE patients form moderate to high activity. Level of urine NGAL (uNGAL) was determined by ELISA, and the data were analyzed using GraphPad Prism 5.
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The Roles of IL-33 and TGF-Β1 in the Pathogenesis of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/ Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: Potential Biomarkers for Disease Severity

MicroscopyStevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) is a disease continuum of potentially life threatening, severe allergic drug reactions which result in cellular apoptosis in the skin, mucous membranes, and ocular surface. The exact pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to this apoptosis is unclear but genetic predisposition and abnormal immune regulations play a role.
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Neurobiochemical Roles of Low Molecular Weight Antioxidants on Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Severity of Ischemic Stroke in Wistar Rats

Purpose: To evaluate the neurobiochemical role(s) of low molecular weight (LMWA) antioxidants in the treatment of surgically- induced ischemic stroke (IS) in wistar rats.Methods: Ischemic stroke was induced in wistar rats using middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Neurological assessments were carried out using stair case, cylinder test and modified neurological severity score (mnss) methods. Low molecular weight antioxidants (vitamins C, E, α-lipoic acid, dimethyl sulfoxide and mannitol) were orally administered to the rats for two weeks in three different doses (22.5, 45 and 67.5 mg/kg).
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Jugular versus Mammary Vein Acid-Base Balance, Blood Gases, Hematobiochemical Profiles and Inflammation Biomarkers in Goats with Acute Mastitis

The objectives of this study was to investigate the acid-base balance, blood gases, hematobiochemical profiles and the inflammation biomarkers fibrinogen, serum amyloid A (SAA) and haptoglobin (Hp) in the mammary and jugular veins of goats with mastitis. Blood samples were collected from the jugular and mammary veins from 26 goats with mastitis and from 10 healthy lactating goats. In diseased goats, the affected quarter had a remarkable degree of swelling, hard and sore to touch; the milk was bloody. In the jugular vein of diseased goats, the values of PCO2, PO2, base excess (BE), HCO3 and TCO2 were significantly lower than in the jugular vein of controls.
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Selected Compounds Modulate Various Inflammatory Biomarkers in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Macrophages of PPAR-α Knockout Mice

Inflammation has been implicated in cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We have recently screened several compounds that modulate inflammatory biomarkers (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and nitric oxide) in response to a variety of stimuli. Our hypothesis is that compounds with those anti-inflammatory properties will be useful for treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other diseases based on inflammation.
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The Effects of the Special K Challenge on Body Composition and Biomarkers of Metabolic Health in Healthy Adults

The Special K Challenge is a short term (14 day) partial meal replacement diet designed to reduce body mass and motivate long term reduction in body mass.
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Proteomics in Diagnosis: Past, Present and Future

In the post genomic era when several proteomes are on the verge of completion, promising field of protein based diagnostic techniques is emerging. Although protein detection have been used for a long time in clinical diagnostic test, yet high throughput proteomics approaches along with systems biology could be a step forward, towards the development of next generation diagnostic tools and pave a way for personalized medicine.
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Anti-Arthritic Efficacy And Safety Of Crominex 3+ (Trivalent Chromium, Phyllanthus emblica Extract, And Shilajit) In Moderately Arthritic Dogs

The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of Crominex 3+ (a complex of trivalent chromium, Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) extract and purified Shilajit) in moderately arthritic dogs.
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Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Arthritic Efficacy and Safety of Purified Shilajit in Moderately Arthritic Dogs

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of purified Shilajit in moderately arthritic dogs. Ten client-owned dogs in a randomized double-blinded study received either a placebo or Shilajit (500 mg) twice daily for a period of five months. Dogs were evaluated each month for physical condition (body weight, body temperature, heart rate, and respiration rate) and pain associated with arthritis (overall pain, pain from limb manipulation, and pain after physical exertion).
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Editorial Board Members Related to biomarkers

Konstantin N Konstantinov

Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
University of New Mexico
United States

Nilesh W Gaikwad

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition/Environmental Toxicology
University of California, Davis
United States

XIANGBING MENG

Research Assistant Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
United States

Khaldon Bodoor

Associate Professor
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

RICHARD G. MOORE

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Warren Alpert Medical School
Brown University
United States

Yaguang Xi

Assistant Professor
Mitchell Cancer Institute
University of South Alabama
United States

Avner Meoded

Neuroimaging Research Fellow
NIH/NINDS
United States

Janet Liversidge

Professor
School of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Aberdeen Institute of Medical Sciences
United Kingdom

Nallasivam Palanisamy

Associate Professor
Michigan Center for Translational Pathology
University of Michigan
United States

Jurgen Konig

Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Vienna
Austria
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