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Articles Related to blood

Occupational Exposure to Blood and Bodily Fluids among Health Care Workers in a Medical Teaching Hospital

The objective of this study was to evaluate blood and bodily fluids exposure through needlestick injuries (NSI) and non-percutaneous incidents among healthcare workers (HCWs). This project utilized a dataset collected from J. W. Ruby Memorial Hospital in Morgantown, West Virginia, between January 1, 2014 and August 15, 2017. Data included de-identified codes of employees, occupations, types of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, routes of exposure, infectious disease exposures, and time incidents.
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Effects of Omitting Vitamin-Trace Mineral Premixes from Finisher Ration on Performance, Carcass Parameters and Blood Characteristics of Broilers Fed Corn- or Wheat-Based Diets

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of cereal sources (corn or wheat) and omitting premix from finisher diets (from 29 to 42 days of age) on broiler performance, carcass measurements, and blood biochemical properties.
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Labetalol in Comparison to Methyl Dopa in Treatment of Gestational Hypertension, A Randomized Trial

To evaluate the value and safety of labetalol in comparison to Alfa methyldopa in treatment of pregnant women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). 264 patients with PIH were randomly distributed to take either methyldopa (group 1) labetalol (group 2). or Intake of medications with respect to Age, gravidity, Blood Pressure measurement, albumin in urine measurement Levels, Side Effects, dose of the drug, increasing duration of pregnancy, mode of delivery, Perinatal safety and APGAR scores were studied. The statistical level of significance was taken at P<0.05.
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Familial Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis with Myotonic Phenomenon : Case Report

Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HypoPP) is a rare disease whereby voltage-gated ion channels are mutated and it is characterized by episodic flaccid paralysis concomitant to variations in blood potassium levels. Attacks usually happen after exercise or high carbohydrate meals. The diagnosis is made with laboratory data which helps to exclude other causes and confirm low serum potassium or myotonia on eletromyography (EMG).
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Detection of Anti-Trypanosoma Cruzi Antibodies among Donors at A Blood Bank from Southern Mexico, Using an Iron Superoxide Dismutase Excreted (Fe-Sode) as Antigen

Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent of Chagas disease in humans, is a widely spread protozoan in Latin America. Chronically infected people are asymptomatic during an indeterminate stage but can represent a significant risk of transmission due to blood donations and organ transplants. Blood transfusion is recognized as the second most important path for transmitting of Chagas disease
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Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes in an Affected South Texas Population

Our research study on diabetic patients in a community in South Texas have shown that increasing age, male gender, married status, smoking history, limited education, and birth in Mexico are risk factors for observed increasing HbA1c and FBG. Elevated lipoprotein levels are particularly observed in type 2 diabetes. Low insulin levels and high BMI in this high risk population correlate to the severity of their diabetes. Moreover we have observed that being born in Mexico influences the patient’s method of treatment with use of oral or combined oral and parenteral routes with poor control of their diabetes. Perhaps the Hispanics born in Mexico may have limited knowledge of their disease influenced by their educational level, socioeconomic status, and prior misconceptions on appropriate methods of treatment(s).
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Assessment of Blood Concentration of Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) in Healthy Calves and Stocker Calves Effected with Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex

Bovine respiratory disease complex remains one of the most economically important diseases of stocker cattle. Reports of myocardial injury associated with BRDC have been limited to necropsy findings. An animal-side diagnostic test for cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has been validated for use in cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the association of blood concentration of cTnI and pneumonia in stocker cattle. A proof-of-concept study was conducted using 16 calves (7 healthy; 9 BRDC).
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Methylmalonic Acidemia and Megaloblastic Anemia due to Congenital Intrinsic Factor Deficiency

Causes of vitamin B12 deficiency in children include decreased intake, abnormal absorption, and inborn errors of B12 transport and metabolism. Rare causes of abnormal cobalamin absorption include Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) and intrinsic factor deficiency (IFD). IGS and IFD are caused by defects in the genes CUBN, AMN, and GIF. We describe a 2 year old male who presented with severe megaloblastic anemia and methylmalonic acidemia. He was found to have a GIF heterozygous mutation c.79+1G>A associated with congenital gastric intrinsic factor deficiency and a novel variant c.960C>A in trans position.
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Jugular versus Mammary Vein Acid-Base Balance, Blood Gases, Hematobiochemical Profiles and Inflammation Biomarkers in Goats with Acute Mastitis

The objectives of this study was to investigate the acid-base balance, blood gases, hematobiochemical profiles and the inflammation biomarkers fibrinogen, serum amyloid A (SAA) and haptoglobin (Hp) in the mammary and jugular veins of goats with mastitis. Blood samples were collected from the jugular and mammary veins from 26 goats with mastitis and from 10 healthy lactating goats. In diseased goats, the affected quarter had a remarkable degree of swelling, hard and sore to touch; the milk was bloody. In the jugular vein of diseased goats, the values of PCO2, PO2, base excess (BE), HCO3 and TCO2 were significantly lower than in the jugular vein of controls.
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Investigation of Homocysteine Levels in Healthy Dogs

Homocysteine is a parameter that plays an important role for diagnosing several diseases mainly cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the first time reference values for homocysteine levels detected in healthy Golden Retriever, Terrier, German Shepherd and Labrador Retriever breeds of dogs play an important role in the prognosis of many diseases.
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Dual- Energy CT (DECT) Pulmonary Angiography in Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PTE): Causes, Semiology and Potential Diagnostic Pitfalls

ObjectivesThe dual-energy computed tomographic (DECT) technique allows the differentiation of materials with large atomic numbers such as iodine. The basic principle of dual-energy CT is material decomposition based on attenuation differences at different energy levels. The parameters for iodine extraction are a minimum value of – 960 HU, and a maximum of –600 HU. Lung parenchyma with normal perfusion in this attenuation range is presented in orange, and an area of decreased perfusion is visualized as an iodine defect area.
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Orodental Considerations in Thalassemia Patients

Thalassemia is one of the most common genetic disorders worldwide and presents a major public health problem and social challenge in parts where the frequency is high. The symptoms of the disorder are modulated by various environmental, racial and genetic factors. Therefore, dental specialists are obligated to have knowledge towards the nature of the disorder and its effect on dental health. Cooperation with a hematologist is recommended in every dental treatment.
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Severe Bone Marrow Suppression Associated with Use of Clopidogrel

A 60 year-old male presented with fever, malaise, and myalgias. The patient was admitted 3 weeks prior for acute coronary syndrome, underwent coronary stent placement, and was started on clopidogrel.
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The Impact of Repeated Hb A2 Measurements on β-Thalassemia Trait Diagnosis

Hemoglobin A2 (Hb A2) is a minor component of the hemoglobin present in normal adult red blood cells, accounting for 1.5-3.5% of the total hemoglobin in healthy individuals.
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Editorial Board Members Related to blood

Kawther Alquadan

Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Transplantation
University of Florida
USA.

JOHN EVANS

Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
University of Otago
New Zealand

Yan Guo

Assistant Professor
Center for Quantitative Sciences
Vanderbilt University
United States

Matthias Clauss

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Indiana University
United States

Eva Mischak-Weissinger

Professor
Department of Hematology, Hemostasis, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation
Hannover Medical School
Germany

PREET M. CHAUDHARY

Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Southern California
United States

Jason J. Guo

Associate Professor
Center for Drug Discovery
Northeastern University
United States

Janet Liversidge

Professor
School of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Aberdeen Institute of Medical Sciences
United Kingdom

Erich Cosmi

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Woman and Child Health
University of Padua
Italy

Saul Yedgar

Professor
Department of Biochemistry
Hebrew University
Israel
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