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Articles Related to case report

Treatment of Erdheim-Chester Disease with High Dose Pegylated IFN-α: a Case Report and Literature Review

Erdhein-chester disease is a rare non-Langerhans histocytes that can involve multiple systems, with bone involvement as the most common. We reports a 39-year-old female who visited the hospital due to pain in both lower limbs, combined with clinical manifestations, imaging, and laboratory tests, Erdhein-Chester disease was prelimi narily diagnosed. The diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of BRAF V600E mutation and tissue cells on biopsy of the right tibia. We discussed the disease based on literature review, aiming to improve the understanding of clinicians.
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Disseminated Blastomycosis: A Case Report

Blastomycosis is known for its propensity to mimic other illnesses, which often leads to incorrect or delayed treatment. Here we present a case report of a patient working in Wisconsin who was misdiagnosed as Tuberculosis since he was an Indian. The patient was not evaluated on endemic grounds for Blastomyces where he was working for couple of years. After he developed skin lesions along with increased shortness of breath, lesions were evaluated which showed large yeast cells resembling Blastomyces. The treating pulmonologist evaluated his occupational history and was revealed with endemicity for Blastomyces.
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A Case Report of Diffuse Ischemic Injury from Leptomeningeal Midline Glioma Metastases

Diffuse midline gliomas with the histone 3-lysine-27-methionine (H3K27M) mutation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of recurrent hemiparesis and headache in patients with midline brainstem lesions, even with the absence of contrast-enhancement. Early diagnosis is essential for prognostication and engagement in trials evaluating novel therapeutics such as ONC-201.
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Late Benign Gastrobronchial Fistula after Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer: A Case Report

Benign gastrobronchial fistula (GBF) is extremely rare but highly fatal complication of esophagectomy for upper gastrointestinal system cancers. We present a benign GBF after three years esophagectomy for esophageal cancer with presenting recurrent pneumonia. We choose wedge bronchoplasty without lobectomy and primary repair of gastric conduit as an approach.
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Fulminant Emphysematous Pyelonephritis: Case Report and Revision of the Literature

A 56-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus and multiple sclerosis presented to our emergency department with right flank pain, fever (38.6°) and dysuria. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed the right kidney hydronephrosis secondary to ureteral stone, therefore a percutaneous nephrostomy was placed. The next day the patient’s condition deteriorated rapidly; a new CT showed the presence of gas in the right kidney suspicious for emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPB) that needed an emergency nephrectomy. Thirtyfive days later the patient was discharged in good general condition.
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Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor of the Vulva: A Case Report

Buschke-Lowenstein tumor or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare disorder of the external genitalia, belonging to the group of verrucous carcinomas, and usually affects immunocompromised men. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are potentially involved in the pathophysiology. A detailed questioning, a rigorous clinical examination and complementary imaging are important to establish an accurate lesion assessment and an adapted management. Wide surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
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Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis in a Middle-Aged Woman: a Case Report

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) extremely rarely occurrs in adults according to current literature.We report one case of IPH in a middle-aged woman presenting with extensive central-predominant ground glass opacities and consolidation in the lungs. Since these imaging findings are not specific and can be similar to other diffuse pulmonary diseases, it is essential to have an deep understanding of this disorder. Imaging findings must be combined with clinical laboratory examination to make a diagnosis of IPH. Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) is the gold standard for evaluation of suspected patients. We review the current literature and provide a recommendation based on discussion.
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Iatrogenic Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children: a Case Report

Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the important causes of pediatric airway obstruction, and the etiology can be classified as congenital and acquired. With the widespread use of tracheal intubation and tracheotomy in pediatric emergency, iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually replacing trauma and infection as the major cause of acquired laryngotracheal stenosis [1]. Nowadays, open surgery is the first choice for severe laryngotracheal stenosis cases [1,2]. Here, we describe a case of childhood iatrogenic severe laryngotracheal stenosis, and the reflection on the current treatment methods of children with laryngotracheal stenosis.
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Case Reports: Hepatic Sclerosing Hemangioma: A Diagnostic Dilemma!

Haemangiomas are the most common benign incidentally detected hepatic lesions with a prevalence of ~20%. Most of them have typical imaging features and are easily diagnosed on triple phase studies. These are capillary, flash and giant hemangioma. Another subset of haemangiomas are Sclerosing hemangiomas or atypical haemangioma; these are sclerosed, thrombosed and/or hyalinised due to which these are heterogenous and show varied appearance making them difficult to diagnose.
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Case Report: Severe Sequelae of Sleep Disorders

We report 2 cases of severe injuries in patients with sleep disorders. The first patient sustained multiple orthopedic traumas as sequelae of REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD). The second patient sustained a severe TBI as a result of restless legs syndrome (RLS). To our knowledge, there are only 2 reported cases of severe orthopedic traumas (cervical spine fractures) as a result of RBD and no reported cases of severe TBI from RLS.
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Application of Lando®Artificial Dermal Regeneration Matrix in Treatment of Challenging Scar Contracture Release of a Severely Deformed Wrist: A Case Report

Here we present a case of a 36–year–old woman who suffered from severe (118°) flexion deformity of the right wrist joint because of heavily burn scar contracture of the right hand wrist. After scar excision, the wrist external fixator was applied and adjusted regularly to extent the wrist and to obtain normal range of motion of the wrist joint. Skin reconstruction was performed with a dermal regeneration matrix and eventually with a split-thickness skin graf
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Tofacitinib as a Therapeutic Option in the Treatment of Refractory Scleritis: A Case Report

This was a 50-year-old patient with recurrent bilateral nodular anterior scleritis refractory to several treatments, including immunosuppressants and anti Tnfα. She was assessed for the different causes of immune-mediated and infectious diseases, but nothing was found. Tofacitinib was started 5 mg twice a day, which led to the spacing of crises until their total disappearance. At present, the patient has been crisis-free for nine months. In conclusion, the use of Janus Kinase inhibitor (Tofacitinib) alone was effective in the treatment of refractory recurrent nodular anterior scleritis.
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Giant Ureteral Stone in a Pediatric Patient: Case Report

A 9 year old boy refered to the hospital with abdominal pain insisting for 2 weeks. In his history there was any clinic symptom before. A giant opasification was detected in the distal part of the right ureter on plain abdominal film. Hematuria, hyperuricosuria, hyperoxaluria and hypocitraturia in his urinary analysis. Only a small right kidney (right kidney: 62x25mm; left kidney: 100x35mm) has found in the abdominal ultarsonography and an approximately a stone 42x17mm in seizes has detected in the magnetic resonance urography.
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Right Ovarian Vein Thrombophlebitis Complicated by an Inferior Endocaval Floating Thrombus Revealed by Postpartum Pyrexia: A Case Report

The clinical course of our patient highlights an atypical presentation of thromboembolic disease related to pregnancy, a thrombophlebitis of the right ovarian vein with endocaval floating thrombus. The diagnosis remains difficult since it is a rare entity with an atypical presentation but with serious medical consequences.
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Editorial Board Members Related to case report

GIUSTI CRISTIANO

Professor
Department of Ophthalmology
University Hospital “Campus Bio-Medico”
Italy

Vikram Khanna

Orthopedic Surgeon
Ranjana Hospital
Allahabad

Adam Reich

Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of Rzeszow
Poland

Norio Yasui-Furukori

Associate Professor
Department of Neuropsychiatry
Hirosaki University School of Medicine
Japan

Norio Yasui-Furukori

Associate Professor
Department of Neuropsychiatry
Hirosaki University School of Medicine
Japan
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