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Articles Related to chronic

Unexpected Improvement of Chronic Neurological Disease after Recovery from COVID-19 Infection in Four Patients

During the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians actively searched for adverse neurological complications or coagulopathyrelated strokes, but no protective effects were yet reported. We hereby describe our observations at a Geriatrics / Neurology facility on a range of neurological disorders encountered among COVID-19 patients followed for disabling neurological disease (degenerative or post traumatic dementia). We observed a very significant clinical improvement in 4 patients aged 43 to 78, who were in nursing skills home or at home and followed up for a disabling neurological disease for 2 to 5 years. They were affected by COVID-19 between March and October 2020.
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The Comparison between the Effect of Action Observation and that of Bimanual Movement in Chronic Hemiplegia

Various interventions have been investigated for the purpose of regaining the limited ADL of chronic stroke hemiplegia. However the application of intervention depending on motor function is still unclear.
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Factors Affecting Exercise Self-efficacy in Predialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

There was significant evidence to suggest that exercise improves physical function, symptom burden, and quality of life in predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, most CKD patients cannot adherence to minimum recommended levels of exercise.
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Nutrition Intervention of Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis

We report the case of 27 years old, female patient suffering from CKD (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Dietary intervention was tailored for her using her past medical history and dietary intake. The dietary interventions were planned in 4 steps for 12 weeks that included nutritionally adequate food intake, Increase frequency of meals, modification & improvement in food preparation techniques, provision of educational material related to diet in dialysis.
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Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is considered a public health problem and its prevalence increases over the years, in Brazil. Currently, 37 million people are living with HIV and 4 million of these patients infected with the virus may have COPD. However, many of these cases may be underreported. In Brazil, these two clinical situations (HIV infection and COPD) have a high incidence, which causes a great expense for the public health, increased morbidity and mortality of these patients. We observed that, in the national literature, there is a gap on the association between these two scenarios.
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Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
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Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia with Imatinib: A Study of 48 Cases in Burkina Faso

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the management of patients treated with Imatinib for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) in the Department of Clinical Hematology of the Yalgado OUEDRAOGO University Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Do Chronic Hypnotics Users Truly Develop Tolerance?

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder with a prevalence of 10-15% in the population.
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The Effect of Salbutamol Nebul Treatment on Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmoner Disease

The occurrence of pulmonary hypertension [PHT] in patients with chronic obstructive pulmoner disease [COPD] usually indicates progression of the disease and poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of oxygen and bronchodilator treatment on systolic pulmonary artery pressure induced by exertion test in patients with COPD.
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Clinical and Paraclinical Profile of Patients in First Nephrology Consultation at the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital Center (ALD-UHC) About 542 Cases

Late recourse to nephrology consultation remains a topical issue which concerns both developed and developing countries such that a majority of the patients are seen to be at an advanced stage of chronic kidney diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical and paraclinical profile of patients referred for primary nephrological consultation.
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Differential Expression of Proteins Associated with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection on HeLa cell lines

Treatment of Hepatitis B infection is available with the help of existing drugs but the eradication of HBV infection is still under the pipeline. The application of novel drugs and gene-based therapies for HBV infection in need of the hour, however, the lack of efficient cell culture system, animal models for viral infection and replication acts as a major obstacle for novel therapies. This not only hampers the progress of HBV research but also stress the need for effective forthcoming therapeutics for Hepatitis B infection. Proteomic studies to understand the protein ubiquitination and to find molecular markers are the effective tools to study the HBV infection, pathogenesis and its control.
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Positive Efficiency of Combine Immunotherapy in Immunocompromised Girls with Recurrent Nonspecific Chronic Vulvovaginitis

Nonspecific chronic vulvovaginites (NCVV) are a frequent clinical sign of immune deficiency, especially in young girls. The established problems with the functioning of various parts of the immune system (IS) in this pathology dictate the need to include immunomodulatory therapy into the complex. The developed program of combined immunotherapy for immunocompromised girls allows reducing the severity and duration of exacerbation of NCVV, their frequency against the background of a significant reduction in ARVI incidence. Positive clinical effects were observed with underlying restoration in IS functioning. A protective effect was obtained (observation in a catamnesis for 1 year): the duration of a clinically safe period increased from 6 to 11-11.5 months per year.
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How to select Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor for the patients with newly diagnosed Chronic Myeloid Leukemia?

The clinical outcomes of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have been improved by tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, there is no established consensus for TKI selection in de novo CML. We investigated TKI treatment patterns in a real-world setting. Among 95 chronic-phase CML patients, 44% were initiated treatment with imatinib, 26% with dasatinib, and 30% with nilotinib. Our data suggest that imatinib remains applicable and that dasatinib has a favorable therapeutic effect, although pleural effusion can arise. Nilotinib was the most prevalent TKI as the treatment-associated adverse events were deemed more manageable than those associated with imatinib and dasatinib.
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Chronic Cough in Children with Rhinosinusitis Associated with Allergic Rhinitis and Rhinosinusitis Alone

Postnasal drip is one of the main causes of Upper Airway Cough Syndrome (UACS). Whether antibiotic targeted on rhinosinusitis accompanying UACS and chronic cough led to an improvement in a cough is controversy. Fifty-five schoolchildren, aged 4 to 14 years, were randomized into two groups: (1) Rhinosinusitis with allergic rhinitis, n = 20 (2) Rhinosinusitis alone, n = 35. The Spirometry, Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Forced Expiratory Flow (FEF) 25-75%, and Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FENO) were performed in all participants to rule out asthma or airway hypersensitivity. A pediatric allergist examined and recorded the clinical features, including stuffy nose, nasal discharge, postnasal drip, cough, facial, and halitosis. In addition, one senior radiologist examined and reported the results of water’s view and chest plain film for all schoolchildren. Both groups were given Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid twice a day for two weeks.
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The Use of Gingipain DNA Vaccine Against Virulence of Porphyromonas Gingivalis: A Literature Review

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is a primary etiologic agent of generalized aggressive and chronic forms of periodontitis. It releases toxins called ‘gingipains’.Gingipains, (Arginine-and Lysine-specific cysteine proteinases) are proteases that are critical virulence factors in progression of periodontitis and degradation of cytokines expressed during inflammation. HRgpA and RgpB (products of two distinct but related genes) induce vascular permeability by activation of the kallikrein/kinin pathway and activating the blood coagulation system which in turn induces gingival crevicular fluid production and progression of inflammation leading to alveolar bone loss.
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Editorial Board Members Related to chronic

Jane F Manakil

Professor
Department of Dentistry and Oral Health
Griffith University
Australia

Grant Dewson

Laboratory Head
Cell Signalling and Cell Death Division
Walter & Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Australia

Mahesh Goel MS

Associate Professor
Department of Surgical Oncology
Tata Memorial Hospital
India

Julide Gulizar Yildirim

Associate Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences
Public Health Nursing Department
Izmir Katip Celebi University
Turkey

SALEH A. NASER

Professor of Medicine and Graduate Coordinator
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
University of Central Florida
United States

Bryan Krantz

Associate professor
Department of Microbial Pathogenesis
University of Maryland
United States

Ashraf Eljedi

Associate Professor of International Public Health
Faculty of NUrsing
The Islamic University of Gaza
Palestine

Michael P. Namaka

Associate Professor
Faculty of Pharmacy and Medicine
University of Manitoba
Canada

Ana Cristina Lindsay

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition
University of Massachusetts Boston
United States

Aladin M Boriek

Professor
Department of Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
United States
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