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Articles Related to chronic

The Simultaneous Activation of Nrf2 and Antioxidant Compounds may reduce the Risk, Progression, and Improve the Management of Diabetes by Reducing Oxidative and Inflammatory Damages

Despite extensive research, the incidence of diabetes continues to increase, and the management of diabetes needs improvement, because in 2016, more than 100,000 patients had lower extremity amputated, suffered ischemic heart disease and stroke. Analysis of investigations indicates that increased oxidative stress and chronic inflammation enhance the risk, progression, diabetic–related complications, and reduce effectiveness of drug therapy. Therefore, simultaneously attenuation of these cellular abnormalities may help in reducing the risk of development, progression, and prolonging the effectiveness of drug therapy.
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Chronic Exposure to Artificial Light Spectra at night alter Neurobehaviour and Neurotransmitter levels in Albino Rats

Artificial light at night has been reported to have significant effects on the physiology and behaviour of animals by its impact on their circadian rhythm. This study investigated the effect of artificial light spectra at night on neurotransmitter activities and neurobehavioural changes in the albino rat. Blue (470 nm) and red (665 nm) lights were used; with ambient light and darkness serving as positive and negative controls, respectively. The rats were exposed to daylight from 6 am to 6 pm and 12 hours of artificial light (6 pm - 6 am) daily (light sources were 13 Watt compact florescent electric bulbs). Neurobehavioural outcomes were measured using the Open Field Test (OFT) and Morris Water Maze (MWM).
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Association between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Severity and Platelet Values

To investigate the association between platelet values and COPD severity using linear variables in order to better explain and explore these correlations.
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Unexpected Improvement of Chronic Neurological Disease after Recovery from COVID-19 Infection in Four Patients

During the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians actively searched for adverse neurological complications or coagulopathyrelated strokes, but no protective effects were yet reported. We hereby describe our observations at a Geriatrics / Neurology facility on a range of neurological disorders encountered among COVID-19 patients followed for disabling neurological disease (degenerative or post traumatic dementia). We observed a very significant clinical improvement in 4 patients aged 43 to 78, who were in nursing skills home or at home and followed up for a disabling neurological disease for 2 to 5 years. They were affected by COVID-19 between March and October 2020.
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The Comparison between the Effect of Action Observation and that of Bimanual Movement in Chronic Hemiplegia

Various interventions have been investigated for the purpose of regaining the limited ADL of chronic stroke hemiplegia. However the application of intervention depending on motor function is still unclear.
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Factors Affecting Exercise Self-efficacy in Predialysis Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

There was significant evidence to suggest that exercise improves physical function, symptom burden, and quality of life in predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, most CKD patients cannot adherence to minimum recommended levels of exercise.
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Nutrition Intervention of Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis

We report the case of 27 years old, female patient suffering from CKD (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Dietary intervention was tailored for her using her past medical history and dietary intake. The dietary interventions were planned in 4 steps for 12 weeks that included nutritionally adequate food intake, Increase frequency of meals, modification & improvement in food preparation techniques, provision of educational material related to diet in dialysis.
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Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is considered a public health problem and its prevalence increases over the years, in Brazil. Currently, 37 million people are living with HIV and 4 million of these patients infected with the virus may have COPD. However, many of these cases may be underreported. In Brazil, these two clinical situations (HIV infection and COPD) have a high incidence, which causes a great expense for the public health, increased morbidity and mortality of these patients. We observed that, in the national literature, there is a gap on the association between these two scenarios.
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Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
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Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia with Imatinib: A Study of 48 Cases in Burkina Faso

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the management of patients treated with Imatinib for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) in the Department of Clinical Hematology of the Yalgado OUEDRAOGO University Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Do Chronic Hypnotics Users Truly Develop Tolerance?

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder with a prevalence of 10-15% in the population.
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The Effect of Salbutamol Nebul Treatment on Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmoner Disease

The occurrence of pulmonary hypertension [PHT] in patients with chronic obstructive pulmoner disease [COPD] usually indicates progression of the disease and poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of oxygen and bronchodilator treatment on systolic pulmonary artery pressure induced by exertion test in patients with COPD.
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Clinical and Paraclinical Profile of Patients in First Nephrology Consultation at the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital Center (ALD-UHC) About 542 Cases

Late recourse to nephrology consultation remains a topical issue which concerns both developed and developing countries such that a majority of the patients are seen to be at an advanced stage of chronic kidney diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical and paraclinical profile of patients referred for primary nephrological consultation.
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Differential Expression of Proteins Associated with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection on HeLa cell lines

Treatment of Hepatitis B infection is available with the help of existing drugs but the eradication of HBV infection is still under the pipeline. The application of novel drugs and gene-based therapies for HBV infection in need of the hour, however, the lack of efficient cell culture system, animal models for viral infection and replication acts as a major obstacle for novel therapies. This not only hampers the progress of HBV research but also stress the need for effective forthcoming therapeutics for Hepatitis B infection. Proteomic studies to understand the protein ubiquitination and to find molecular markers are the effective tools to study the HBV infection, pathogenesis and its control.
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Positive Efficiency of Combine Immunotherapy in Immunocompromised Girls with Recurrent Nonspecific Chronic Vulvovaginitis

Nonspecific chronic vulvovaginites (NCVV) are a frequent clinical sign of immune deficiency, especially in young girls. The established problems with the functioning of various parts of the immune system (IS) in this pathology dictate the need to include immunomodulatory therapy into the complex. The developed program of combined immunotherapy for immunocompromised girls allows reducing the severity and duration of exacerbation of NCVV, their frequency against the background of a significant reduction in ARVI incidence. Positive clinical effects were observed with underlying restoration in IS functioning. A protective effect was obtained (observation in a catamnesis for 1 year): the duration of a clinically safe period increased from 6 to 11-11.5 months per year.
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Editorial Board Members Related to chronic

Julide Gulizar Yildirim

Associate Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences
Public Health Nursing Department
Izmir Katip Celebi University
Turkey

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

Hamdy Ahmad Sliem

professor of internal medicine and endocrinology
Suez Canal University
Egypt

Eric Fung

Professor of Pharmacology
Department of Oral Biology
University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry
United States

Subash Sad

Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology
University of Ottawa
Canada

Farnad Imani

Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University Iran University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Kornélia Tekes

Professor
Department of pharmacodynamics
Semmelweis University
Hungary

SIBYLLE KRANZ

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition Science
Purdue University
United States

Edralin A Lucas

Associate Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Oklahoma State University
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States
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