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Articles Related to colon

Colonic Intramucosal Lipoma in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome: A New Finding

Intramucosal lipomas are rare colonic polyps that pose diagnostic challenges, but they are important as potential clues to serious medical conditions. One third of intramucosal lipomas are reported to arise in Cowden syndrome, an inherited cancer syndrome.
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Automated Polyp Detection System in Colonoscopy Using Deep Learning and Image Processing Techniques

Undetected colonic polyps are considered a major cause of interval cancer of the colon. The Automatic Polyp Detection System (APDS) (Magentiq Eye LTD, Haifa, Israel) was developed to enhance the ability of endoscopists to detect polyps during screening colonoscopy. It is designed to be used both in real-time and offline. APDS runs directly on the video output of the endoscopic camera and highlights the polyp on the screen. APDS utilizes the power of Deep Learning and Computer Vision in order to improve polyp detection rates thus improving the performance of the endoscopist.
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Automated Polyp Detection System in Colonoscopy Using Deep Learning and Image Processing Techniques

Undetected colonic polyps are considered a major cause of interval cancer of the colon. The Automatic Polyp Detection System (APDS) (Magentiq Eye LTD, Haifa, Israel) was developed to enhance the ability of endoscopists to detect polyps during screening colonoscopy. It is designed to be used both in real-time and offline. APDS runs directly on the video output of the endoscopic camera and highlights the polyp on the screen. APDS utilizes the power of Deep Learning and Computer Vision in order to improve polyp detection rates thus improving the performance of the endoscopist.
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Non-Operative Management of Acute Appendicitis – Evidence versus Practice in Eastern Health, Victoria, Australia

There has been an increasing body of literature on conservative management of acute appendicitis recently. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current practice of non-operative management of acute appendicitis in Eastern Health, a Melbourne metropolitan health network.
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Changes in Several Disease Parameters Including Abzymes and Hematopoietic Progenitor Colony Formation in Brain Inflammation and Demyelination

Demyelination induced by cuprizone-is a widely used experimental model to analyze processes of re- and demyelination in the central nervous system (CNS). Here we used C57BL/6 mice; a model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mimicking important aspects of human multiple sclerosis, to evaluate effects of cuprizone-dependent demyelination on different parameters associated with autoimmune inflammation. The treatment of mice with cuprizone leads to a significant decrease of several indexes characterizing spontaneous and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55)
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Splenic Injury after Screening Colonoscopy; Could that Happen Twice? An Unusual Case Report

Iatrogenic splenic injury is a known but rare complication of colonoscopic procedures. Our department describes a very interesting case of the same complication that occurred twice on the same patient. The patient had an elective colonoscopy for microcytic anemia and shortly after the endoscopic procedure she developed excessive abdominal pain and had a syncope episode. She gradually became hemodynamically unstable and needed proper resuscitation. An abdominal tomography scan performed which surprisingly demonstrated active intra-abdominal bleeding pointing a ruptured spleen as the source of the hemorrhage. This finding surprised us given the fact that her past surgical history included a previous splenectomy for the same complication 14 years ago.
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Septic Shock Secondary to Salmonella Enterica Ssp. Arizonae in an Immunocompetent Albanian Male

Salmonella-associated diarrhea is a common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis. Some species of salmonella are associated with invasive diseases like meningitis, endocarditis and septicemia.
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Hirschsprung’s Disease in Adult Treated by Coloprotectomy and Colo-Anal Anastomosis

Hirschsprung’s disease is a rare pathology Most cases become manifest during the neonatal period, but in rare instances, the disease is initially diagnosed in adult patients.
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Triple Synchronous Colon Tumors Causing Large Bowel Obstruction

We would like to present two patients with triple localized, synchronous colon tumors who underwent emergency operations for obstruction. The second and third localizations were discovered during the operation.
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Metastatic cancer of the pancreas: Historical review

During the 19th Century, there was a difficult choice concerning whether a pancreatic cancer is primary or secondary. However, in this paper, it is shown that some views were decidedly in favor of attack from other primaries. Indeed, the evidence of spread to the pancreas included either concise or coalescent lesions.
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Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon Mimicking an Abdominal Wall Cellulitis

Cutaneous metastases from abdominal malignancies are rare and have been reported in less than 5% of patients [1]. Furthermore, metastases in patients suffering from colorectal neoplasia are even rarer entity. Tan et al, among 2538 of the new cases of colorectal cancer over the period of 6 years, reported only 3 cases (0.1%) with cutaneous deposits [1]. Presentation varies from cutaneous or subcutaneous small nodules, rash or large fungating lesions [1-4]. Inevitably, their presence implies the disease progression, and poor prognosis with the reported survival between 1 to 34 months [2,3,5].
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Giant Mesenteric Cyst - Cause of Abdominal Distension Managed with Laparotomy- A Case Report

This case report describes the diagnosis and management of a large mesenteric cyst in a 55 year old lady who presented with abdominal distension & with mass in the left upper quadrant. Mesenteric cysts are rare, benign, abdominal tumors to which <1000 cases have been reported in the literature.
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Molecular Mechanisms of Mismatch Repair Genes in Cancer – A Brief Review

The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is necessary for the maintenance of genomic stability. The MMR system promotes genomic fidelity by repairing base-base mismatches, insertion-deletion loops (IDLs) and heterologies generated during DNA replication and recombination.
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Salmonella Serovars and Their Host Specificity

Salmonella is a causative agent for a wide variety of pathological diseases in humans, cattle, poultry and other farm animals and hence Salmonella infections are a major cause of concern to humans, veterinary animals and to food industry.
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Editorial Board Members Related to colon

Rostislav Kostadinov

Associate Professor
Disaster Medicine
Medical University Plovdiv
Bulgaria

KELLI BULLARD DUNN

Professor
Department of Surgery
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
University of Louisville School of Medicine
United States

TIMUCIN UGURLU

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Marmara University
Turkey

Lan Zhou

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

ALAA EL-DEEN BAKRY YASSIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

Stephen Michael Kavic

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States

PATRICIA LANEE WEI DENNING

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Emory University Medical School
United States

DAVID GABBAIZADEH

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Huntington Medical Group
United States

Meijun Zhu

Assistant Professor
School of Food Science
Washington State University
United States

PAUL G HORGAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Glasgow
United Kingdom
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