Articles Related to dental caries
Interrelation between Fluoride Content in Drinking Water and Dental Caries Prevalence Measured with DMF and ICDAS in Senegal
This study aimed to establish a correlation between the dental caries prevalence measured with the DMFT and ICDAS indexes and the rate of fluorine content in drinking water. A national dental caries prevalence data measured with ICDAS and DMFT indexes at several thresholds were correlated with the fluoride content of drinking water in several regions of Senegal. The dental caries prevalence was calculated based, distinctively, on the DMFT and ICDAS criteria. The variation of the rate of fluorine content in the drinking water of different regions was calculated according to the WHO reference rate. When the DMFT index is used, the dental caries prevalence correlates with the rate of fluor content in drinking water. But, when dental caries prevalence is measured with ICDAS, our results show that the rate of fluorine contained in drinking water does not affect the decayed teeth prevalence.
In 2007 a young boy, Deamonte Driver, living in Maryland died from dental caries when the untreated infection spread to his brain. The immediate reaction by the state and community was to take steps to ensure that such an event never again occurs. A major activity was to conduct a state-wide oral health literacy needs assessment.
Age estimation from tooth – coronal index (TCI) using dental radiographs based on reduction in the size of the dental pulp cavity with advancing age as a result of secondary dentin deposition, has been presented.
The developments in the medicinal field led to demographic changes characterized by a growth in the elderly population. The proportion of patients with mobility limitations is higher in this population. Since the need for dental treatments does not skip any population group, a special facility had to be developed in order to solve problems of availability and accessibility.
Streptococcus Mutans and Lactobacillus Species Infection in Obese and Non- Obese School Children in Accra, Ghana
Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species are major bacteria associated with dental caries. In the presence of fermentable sugars and poor oral hygiene these bacteria increase risk of caries. Some studies have associated obesity with dental caries while others did not. High sugar snacks are risks for both obesity and dental caries. This study aimed at determining Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species infection and its relationship with dental caries among obese and non-obese children. Oral plaque was taken from 75 each of obese and non-obese children from private schools in Accra, Ghana. The plaque was pre-enriched in thioglycollate broth for 48 hours at 37 °C.
Good oral hygiene protects against oral diseases such as caries and gum infections. Twice daily tooth brushing with fluoride pastes and flossing are recommended to keep mouth clean and reduce plaque bacterial growth. Poor access to oral cleaning material and dental care services expose children from poor backgrounds to oral diseases.