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Articles Related to disease

Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
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Musicians of Wind Instruments and Oral Condition

The wind instruments are the musical instruments most likely to cause oral lesions, because their use involves the involvement of anatomical structures of the oral and perioral cavity. The purpose of this literature review was to assess the impact of wind instruments on the oral condition of musicians. Scientific articles indexed in the databases Pubmed, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane and also in Google Scholar were evaluated. Publications from 1935 to 2020 were included and the following descriptors were applied: wind musicians and oral conditions, wind musicians and periodontal conditions, wind musicians and occlusal disorders.
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Emerging Coxsackievirus A6 Causing Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Children in Gabon

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD) is an epidemic childhood illness caused by enteroviruses including enterovirus A71 (EVA71), coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and coxsackievirus A6 (CV-A6). This disease mainly affects children under 5 years of age, causing typical skin rash such as papulovesicular rash on the palms, feet, and mouth. However, atypical clinical signs may include eruption in others anatomic sites, palmar and plantar desquamation and onychomadesis. Severe complications including encephalitis, myocarditis or meningitis can occur.
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Effect of Seed Thermotherapy to Reduce the Viral Diseases of Faba Bean (Vicia Faba L.) in the Interandean Valley of Cochabamba, Bolivia

In Bolivia, the faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is cultivated in the Andean region, Altiplano and Interandean valleys. In these valleys mediumsized and early varieties are cultivated.
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Dry Eye Evaluation in Saudi Patients with Vitamin D Deficiency

This study included 75 patients with vitamin D deficiency (group 1), and 25 healthy subjects (group 2). All subjects completed ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire and underwent to a full ophthalmological examination. The dry eye was assessed in this order: tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining scoring using the Oxford Schema, and anesthetized Schirmer test (Schirmer II). Measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was done using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) in the laboratory. All patients were recruited from College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, and Dwaak Medical Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, by nonrandomized convenience sam¬pling method from February to April 2017.
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Canavan Disease (Aspartoacylase Deficiency): Report of the First Case in Basque Country and a Novel Mutation in Europe

Canavan disease, a genetic and metabolic neurodegenerative disorder, occurs at early ages, causing visual, neurological alterations, and fatal consequences. There is no curative treatment, although lithium citrate is being investigated. This is the first case reported in the Basque region of Spain and it introduces a novel mutation to Europe.
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Clinical Study on the Efficacy of Vipadikahara Grita Taila on the Treatment of Vipadika Skin Disease

Ayurveda has discussed all skin diseases under the name of Kushtha, and in other words it can be known as “Ayurveda Dermatology”. Eighteen types of these skin diseases are mainly divided into seven types of Maha Kushtha and eleven types of Kshudra Kushtha. Vipadika skin disease is diagnosed with the help of critical and analytical study of the literature in original Sanskrit texts and later clinical trial was carried out. In the present study, efficacy of Vipadikahara grita taila was assessed against Vipadika skin disease.
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Hydroxyapatite Deposition Disease- Spontaneous Resolution of Significant Post Treatment Deposit

Calcific deposits are commonly seen on imaging done for other reasons. However, it can also present with periarthritis and adhesive capsulitis leading to severe disabling pain. Many theories have been proposed to explain the etiology and it is considered idiopathic by some. The management is also debatable, Barbotage being the most popular. In the majority of the cases it disappears spontaneously, requiring intervention like Barbotage and surgery only in a few cases. We present a case of a 45 year old female patient who had these calcific deposits in an unusual location of her right shoulder. These disappeared partially on conservative treatment. Subsequently, she developed severe pain in her right shoulder with restriction of all her movements. The pain was severe enough to interfere with her sleep. As a result she underwent barbotage. During the procedure an attempt was made to aspirate the calcific deposit in its entirety. This was not possible due to clogging of needle several times. There was complete resolution of pain following the procedure. However, post- procedure Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a significant residual calcification which completely resolved 02 months after therapy with no recurrence.
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Etiologic Factors of the Periodontal Disease Pathogenesis

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Profile of Newborns with Bone Metabolic Disease in a Neonatal Intensive Therapy Unit

This is a retrospective and documental study with a quantitative approach, performed at the NICU of a reference hospital in Fortaleza, from November 2016 to January 2017, whose sample consisted of 30 medical records. The following variables were analyzed: weight, gestational age (GI), weight / GI adequacy, gender, Apgar score, BDM associated morbidities, ventilator support, parenteral nutrition (NTP), medicines, physiotherapeutic assistance and blood biochemical analysis. The variables were analyzed by Microsoft Excel® 2016 to obtain absolute and percentage data.
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Epidemiological Profile of Congenital Cardiopathy Neonatal Revelation in Tehran

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital disorder in newborns represents a major cause of perinatal death. The prevalence of these malformations is still unrecognized in Tunisia because of the lack of a national register. The aim of this study was describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of the heart diseases with neonatal diagnosis in Tunisia.
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Fahr Disease: A Rare Disease That is Diagnosed Incidentally in the Emergency Department

Fahr Disease (FD) is a rare disorder presenting with basal ganglia calcification and its etiology is still unknown. Although, the common cause of the disease is asymptomatic, but it might manifest with neuropsychiatric symptoms. Dizziness is one of the common symptoms at emergency services and mostly it requires advanced examination to establish a final diagnosis. When a neurological condition is suspected to cause dizziness, it is tried to be diagnosed by imaging methods such as Cranial Computed Tomography (CT) and Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and knowing the relationship between calcification and symptoms will keep the patient away from unnecessary investigations.
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Castleman’s Disease: a Diagnosis to Eliminate in Cases of Cervical Lymphadenopathy

Castleman’s disease is due to a lymphoproliferative disorder by the polyclonal proliferation of B cells inside lymphoid organ.Two types exist: the localized form which is usually benign and multicentric form which is more severe. The main risk is the development of lymphoma. Our aim is to report a case of a 18 years old man patient. Her medical history was unremarkable. She presented with a localized form on the right side of neck lymph node. After the ablation of the nodes,none relapse was noticed.
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The Effect of Salbutamol Nebul Treatment on Systolic Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Newly Diagnosed Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmoner Disease

The occurrence of pulmonary hypertension [PHT] in patients with chronic obstructive pulmoner disease [COPD] usually indicates progression of the disease and poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of oxygen and bronchodilator treatment on systolic pulmonary artery pressure induced by exertion test in patients with COPD.
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Clinical and Paraclinical Profile of Patients in First Nephrology Consultation at the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital Center (ALD-UHC) About 542 Cases

Late recourse to nephrology consultation remains a topical issue which concerns both developed and developing countries such that a majority of the patients are seen to be at an advanced stage of chronic kidney diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical and paraclinical profile of patients referred for primary nephrological consultation.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Editorial Board Members Related to disease

ALBA A. TRESPALACIOS

Professor
Department of Microbiology
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Colombia

RAJNISH S. DAVE

Associate Scientist
Department of Neuroscience
Temple University
United States

Sohail Mushtaq

Senior Lecturer
Department of Clinical Sciences
University of Chester
United Kingdom

Shereen Mohamed Mohamed Olama

Professor
Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
Faculty of Medicine
Mansoura University
Egypt

Kelly Sullivan

Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
University of South Florida
United States

PRAVIN RAMBHAI TIRGAR

Associate professor and Head of Department
Department of Pharmacology
School of Pharmacy
RK University
India

Grant Dewson

Laboratory Head
Cell Signalling and Cell Death Division
Walter & Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Australia

Sheng-Fan Wang

Associate Professor
Department of Laboratory Science and Biotechnology
Kaohsiung Medical University
Taiwan

Marion A Hofmann Bowman

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Section of Cardiology
University of Chicago
United States

Alfio Ferlito

Professor
Department of Otolaryngology
University of Udine School of Medicine
Italy
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